FC: Turkey | By Colin Birch Per. 2
1: Islam is the largest religion in Turkey. Muslims make up about 96% of the population. Christianity has been declining since the 1900's from around 20% to less than 1% today. The Islamic calendar is 10 or 11 days shorter than the calendar we use today. One interesting thing about the calendar is that a time adjustment is made every new moon so that they don’t need a leap year. I think that Islam is a very interesting religion. I think that more people should learn about Islam before they make dumb mistakes. | Religion
2: Dress | Most Turks wear Western-style clothing. European fashions are especially popular among young people. Muslim women, especially in rural areas, may wear a scarf to cover their hair. Some people may dress more conservative because of their beliefs. I think that it's crazy that people are killed just because of how they interpret the Koran. Some people believe that its alright not to wear the Hijab and others feel that your need to.
3: Gestures | Lifting a head up quickly can mean no. Social courtesies are valued in Turkey. One does not put feet on a desk or table, point the sole of the foot toward another person, smoke without asking permission They also cannot cross the legs while in the presence of an older or superior person. I think that it's nice how they take manners more seriously then we do as Americans.
4: They have given 51 million dollars to humanitarian services for things like Haiti when they had their earthquake. They have also helped America in Iraq by doing things like providing extensive logistic support to the American troops in Iraq. This critical life line includes the cargo hub at Incirlik Air Base through which the U.S. ships 74 percent of the air cargo to Iraq. According to the Turkish government, the total amount of Turkish projects in northern Iraq exceeded $4 billion. I think that their geography really made it easy for Turkey to help the United States. | Global Contributions
5: Flag | There is red in the flag because it is a very Islamic color. The crescent and star are also signs of Islam and they are considered good luck. The star and moon are two sky elements symbolizing the tengrist beliefs of the sky-worshiping ancient Turks.
6: The famous Trojan Wars took place in Western Turkey, around the site where the Trojan horse rests today Turkey is noted for having one of the three most famous and distinctive traditional cuisines in the world The Garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis was said to be watered by a river which separated into four streams as it left the garden; two of them the Tigris and Euphrates rise from the mountains of Eastern Turkey I think that turkey has a pretty interesting past and a lot of people know nothing about it. | Trivia
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8: Entertainment | For fun they like to play sports There most popular sport is soccer They also like sports like basketball and volleyball They also like a lot of the things Americans like For instance they like to go to night clubs and parties. They also like to go to the movies and go to the theater Turks also like all kinds of concerts like rock or classical concerts I I think that turks enjoy some of the same things Americans do but they also have a traditional side of fun that most Americans don't.
9: Government | Turkey is a constitutional republic with a multiparty parliament In a constitutional republic the head of state and other officials are representatives of the people and must govern according to existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over all of its citizens. Because the head of the state is elected, it is a republic and not a monarchy. In a constitutional republic, executive, legislative, and judicial powers are separated into distinct branches I think that this isn't the best type of government because even though it isn't considered a monarchy it still is very close to one
10: Current Issues | Turkey is facing some problems with disposing of their waste products. They have problems like water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents, air pollution usually in urban areas and deforestation. This could really effect the people that still live in the rural areas on don’t have a way to clean the water. If they don’t fix this many people could die along with the wildlife.
11: Food | Lamb and rice are eaten almost every meal also Turkish coffee is drunk almost every meal too. Although fast food is becoming more popular in turkey they still stick home cooking most of the time. They have three meals: breakfast, lunch and dinner. Dinner is the main meal of the day.
12: Family LIfe | A Turkish house will usually consist of a mother and father, any unmarried children, and in some cases, married sons with their families. I think that life at home would be way different than here in America because you live at your parents house with your wife and kids in some cases.
13: Art | Some Turkish art is based on religion and what the Koran says. I think that Turkish art is very beautiful because of the different and interesting paintings and sculptures
14: History of Turkey | Oct. 29th, 1923 – Republic of Turkey proclaimed/Mustafa Kemel elected president April 20th, 1924 – A new Turkish constitution accepted. Feb. 25th, 1925 - A law separating religion from politics was accepted and passed. Nov. 25th, 1925 - "Hat Law" was issued, abolishing religious dress. Nov. 1st, 1928 - A new Turkish alphabet based on the Latin alphabet was accepted. Nov. 10th, 1938 - The founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died. He was succeeded by smet nnü, former prime minister and general. 1939 - World War II: World War II began. Turkey was to remain neutral for most of the war, until a declaration of war against Germany at its end 1952 - Turkey became a NATO country strategically important in countering Soviet influence
15: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk | Architecture | Some of Turkey’s architecture is based on their religious beliefs. Although they have some traditional structures in turkey they are also very modern. I think that Turkey's traditional buildings are very pretty. I also think that their modern buildings are just as nice as the ones we have in America | Istanbul Turkey
16: Climate | The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea have a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. The coastal areas of Turkey bordering the Black Sea have a temperate Oceanic climate with warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters. The Turkish Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year.
17: Geography | Turkey holds a key location at the juncture of Europe and Asia, controlling the entrance to the Black Sea. Turkey is about the size of Texas. Mountains and forests are located near the black sea. The Tigris and the Euphrates rivers go through Turkey | I think that they have a good location because they have the two big rivers flowing through it.
18: Economics | Turkey is among the world's leading producers of agricultural products, textiles, motor vehicles, ships and other transportation. Some of the natural resources in Turkey are minerals, geothermal energy, nuclear energy and petroleum and natural gas. | I would say that Turkey has a good economy even though it’s not the best because the rural areas aren’t doing very well but the modern part of turkey is thriving.
19: Technology | 61.77 million cell phones 27.3 million home computers I think that it shows that they are trying to be a modern country but they aren’t quite there yet.
20: Currency | Turkey uses the Turkish Lira 1 Turkish Lira = 0.53118 US Dollar I think its reflective of the culture because it has pictures of their leaders on their currency.
21: Ramadan- when practicing Muslims fast from dawn to dusk. People celebrate the end of Ramadan by eating sweets during the three days of eker Bayram (sugar holiday). Kurban Bayram (sacrifice holiday)- marks the season of pilgrimage to Makkah and commemorates Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son. Usually an animal is sacrificed and the meat distributed to the poor. Other official holidays include New Year's Day, National Sovereignty Day and Children's Day (23 Apr.), Youth and Sports Day (19 May), Victory Day (30 Aug.), Republic Day (29 Oct.), and Anniversary of Atatürk's Death (10 Nov.) | Holidays
22: Demographs | Literacy rate:87.4% Population: 78,785,548 (July 2011 est.) Median Age: Male-28.1/Female-28.8 Life expectancy: male-70.6/female-74.5 I think that the literacy rate being 87.4% shows that even though they are modern they still have people living in rural areas.
23: The official language is Turkish but they also speak Arabic. (Turkish)Merhaba nasl gidiyor?= Hello how's it going? I think that learning the Turkish language would be very hard because it is so different from English. | Language
24: Education | Ankara Science High School garden
25: Children are supposed to take 8 years of primary education between the ages of 7 and 15. By 2001 enrollment of children in this age range was nearly 100%. For 14-18 year olds, four or more years of high school education are required in order to then progress to higher education. Annually, about 1.5 million students graduate from Turkish high schools. About 95% of students attend public schools, but inadequacies of the public system increasingly motivates middle-class parents to seek private education When students enter the 10th grade, they used to choose one of four tracks: Turkish language–Mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, and Languages At the end of high school, following the 12th grade, students take a High School Finishing Examination and they are required to pass this in order to take the university entrance exam and continue their studies at a university. Exam scores are weighted to provide students in each track with different opportunities when entering higher education.
26: Music | The popular music in Turkey is Turkish rock, hip hop, and dance music. They listen to some religious music too. The younger kids like pop and rap just like kids in America. I think that the music in Turkey isn't much different from the music we listen to in America