S: The Voyage of the S.S. St. Louis By: Shannon Rempe
BC: The End
FC: Voyage of the S.S. St. Louis By: Shannon Rempe
1: May 12, 1939 Friday I am writing surrounded by bloody animal hides all contained within a number of large army trucks. Along with these animal hides I sit here with other Dachau prisoners who were asked to leave the country. The Nazi Regime, in Germany, came to the Dachau concentration camp and read off a list of names. They then announced that the names read off that list would be released from Dachau. We rejoiced! But, the only catch was we had to leave Germany in fourteen days or face consequences. And we all knew the consequences would consist of the worst-death. Sincerely, Jeremy Pozner
2: November 1938 After Kristallnacht many Jews within Germany decided it was time to leave. | By 1939 visas became required to enter another country and money was also needed to leave Germany, mainly because of the Nazi Party. | Also, in 1939, Decree 55 was established and drew a distinction between refugees and tourists. To clarify this that had to have a visa and pay a 500 dollar bond. picture: Tourists in Miami
3: May 5, 1939 Decree 937 was past, and it would close the loophole of refugees buying land permits to become tourists. picture: Havana, Cuba memorial | May 13, 1939 Saturday The passengers boarded the S.S. St. Louis, and their departure was out of the port in Hamburg, Germany.
4: May 13, 1939 Saturday The journey to reach the ship was long and engulfed in the stench of death. But, once we arrived in Hamburg, Germany and approached the harbor, it was a moment of triumph. The smell of fresh sea sir revived me, and boarding the large ship gave me feelings of the excitement of new beginnings and starting over. The beautiful first class ship truly made us prisoners feel free, and right then I knew I was going to make a large enough profit in Cuba to bring my family over to freedom and safety. Sincerely, Jeremy Pozner
5: This was a postal telegraph sent between the SS ST Louis and Cuba. All of times Cuba ignored these. | A 1930's advertisement poster for tourists to go to Cuba. Yet, Jewish refugees were unwanted.
6: May 23, 1939 Captain Schroeder receives a cable saying the passengers may not be able to land in Cuba because of Decree 937. | ALso during the time of Cuba negotiating about letting the refugees in, the SS St. Louis sailed up to Miami, but with no luck was also rejected by Roosevelt.
7: June 17, 1939 The ship along with a majority of its passengers arrive in Antwerp, Belgium. Also, when back in Germany 1/3 of those passengers are murdered in Auschwitz. | June 6, 1939 After rejection from both the U.S. and Cuba the S.S. St. Louis returned to Europe- from Havana Cuba. | Jeremy Pozner
8: This article warned Jewish people that time was running out, and it was their last chance to get out of the country. It also mentioned that there is no such thing as a decent Jew. | This article displays the awful happenings in Germany because of Nazi raids mobbing Jews. Jew's businesses and homes are wrecked and the Secret Police arrested over 2000 Jewish people and put them in concentration camps.
9: All the refugees had to have a visa to travel | Without them you couldn't board and were trapped in the country where you are unwanted.
10: In September 1939- approx. 3 months after the return of the SS St Louis-war breaks out and a majority of the 'almost survivors' died in concentration camps.
11: June 4, 1939 We arrived in Cuba, but were not allowed to dock, and were at first rejected from entering the Havana harbor. This day marks our 4th day of waiting in the harbor. And many of the passengers are becoming worried. Some have even developed some psychotic emotions. Suicides have been thought about or even considered by increasingly paranoid passengers. I know I can't let these things get to- for my family. The captain announced that we might be leaving soon unless minds change because of the shortage in our food supply. Having to wait is eating away at me. Sincerely, Jeremy Pozner
12: ABove the passengers are waiting in Havana harbor to get consent on being let in to the country or not. And below-when the SS St. Louis went to Miami-there were boats surrounding the outside of the ship to try and prevent suicidal passenger from doing the deed.
13: This is an old map of the region that the S.S. St. Louis traveled to when wanting to give some Jewish passengers a way to escape.
14: The first article is about after the war hundreds of Jewish survivors "pouring" into the United States because they needed to get out of Germany, and this was there chance. Also, the U.S. was feeling helpless from stopping them because of the rejection they sent towards them before the war-which was a major cause in starting the Holocaust. The second article is a translated version of Hitler's speech to his fellow Nazi's. He is addressing his Nazi Party, and telling them about the importance of Germany being looked at as the best, and Jews as the unwanted race.
15: This article was about the Nazi Secret Police arresting hundreds of Polish Jews, and put them into concentration camps. This is also when many major concentration and death camps were set up in Poland, such as, Auschwitz and Birkenau.
16: Work Cited Books: 1. Giddens, Sandra. Escape: Teens Who Escaped the Holocaust to Freedom. New York:Rosen,1999. Print.Pgs.25-27. 2. Textbook- Spielvogel, Jackson J. "Chapter 19/Section 3." Glencoe World history Modern Times. Columbus, Ohio:McGraw-Hill Company, 2005. Print. Websites: 1. Kaye Communications. "Video About the S.S. St. Louis 70th Anniversary Commemoration Introduction l Encyclopedia.com." Encyclopedia-Online Dictionary l Encyclopedia.com: Get Facts, Articles, Pictures, Video. 2009. Web. 03 May 2010.
17: 2. "'Voyage of the Damned' Survivor April 19 l News." Home l Wagner College. Web. 04 May 2010.