FC: Westward Expansion by Matt Kluthe
1: I-Ideas N-Natural/Geographic S-Social P-Political E-Economic C-Cultural T-Technological/Scientific | I.N.S.P.E.C.T
2: Ideas | Ideas were very important in the forming of our nation. | Ideas | Ideas were very important in the forming of our nation. | Ideas | Ideas were very important in the forming of our nation. | Ideas | Ideas were very important in the forming of our nation. One very important idea was the one of many people that decided to move west to mine gold in California. This really opened up the West to all other Americans. | ( Above) Two gold coins, ( Side) A man and his wife in a mining town created by the Gold Rush.
3: Some other very important ideas of that time was the invention of interchangeable parts and the Second Bank of the United States. Eli Whitney invented interchangeable parts which greatly increased production from the factories. Another important idea was one from Congress. It was to create the Second National Bank of the United States which could loan large sums of money to businesses which could stimulate the economy.
4: Natural/Geographic | Pictured at left is a cotton plantation. The fertile soil in the southern United States made for good farming. | Pictured at right is a factory run by a water wheel. The Eastern United States was perfect for building factories because of all the rivers.
5: Pictured at left is the South Pass. The South Pass was the most common route over the Rocky Mountains on the Oregon Trail. | Pictured at right is the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes allowed for goods to be traded not only from North to South but from East to West.
6: Social | Many of the people in the Southern United States didn't get along with the people that lived in the Northern U.S. Another important interaction of people during that time was the British and the Americans. The Americans realized that they had to strengthen relations with the British to open up trade. | Before the telephone was in invented people communicated with many different devices. They were the telegraph machine, postal mail, birds, and messengers. Telegraphs and postal mail were the most common forms of communication.
7: Pictured at left is an old telegraph machine. The telegraph machine worked by sending a coded message through a wire which could be received on the other end. | Another very common form of communication between people was writing letters. This form of communication was efficient because nothing could be mis interpreted. However, letters had to be carried a long way sometimes which could take months at that time.
8: Political | Pictured in the background is Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson was the first U.S. president to open up the Western United States to fellow Americans. Almost all Americans know of President Jefferson because he was one of the most influential presidents in American History. | "The Christian King of Great Britain [is] determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought and sold". That is a quote from Thomas Jefferson talking about King George.
9: At first Andrew Jackson had befriended the American Indians. He strengthened relations with the Indians the most out of all the presidents.However, president Jackson later betrayed the American Indians by forcing them to move West on the Trail of Tears. | Pictured at right is John Quincy Adams. Many people accused Adams of cheating in the election of 1824. Adams won the election but soon his followers began to leave him.
10: Economic | The main source of income for Americans in the 1700s and 1800s was farming. This is because over 90% of Americans lived in rural areas where there weren't any factories. Many farmers were very successful and could use the money to stimulate the economy. Many of the farms were in the South and grew cotton. The invention of the Cotton Gin really helped the economy by producing thousands of bails of cotton. Although the U.S. had many farmers, the U.S. still had to import goods from foreign countries. The U.S. government tried to place tariffs on all the goods imported but soon after the tariffs were placed Americans started to get angry.
11: Pictured at left is a tariff stamp from the 1800s. The stamp would be placed on the goods that were being imported after the tax was paid. | Pictured at right is a cargo ship similar to the ones that would be used to transport goods in the 1800s.
12: Cultural | Many houses in the U.S. during the 1800s were boarding houses and tenements in the city and one room log cabins in rural areas. Nearly 80% of Americans lived and/or worked on farms in the 1700s and 1800s. | Pictured at left is a music playing machine similar to the ones that people used in the 1700s and 1800s. The machine worked by turning a crank handle.
13: Pictured above (left) is a dress very similar to the ones women would have worn in the 1700s and 1800s. Pictured above (center) is a shoe that men in the 1700s and 1800s wore everyday. Pictured above (right) is a vest that men would wear during the weekdays. On Sunday everyone would have special dress attire that was far more formal than their everyday clothes.
14: Technological/Scientific | Pictured at left is a Cotton Gin, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. The Cotton Gin revolutionized the way cotton was being produced. | Pictured at right is a steam locomotive that has almost the same design as the one that George Stephenson invented in 1814.
15: Eli Whitney also invented Interchangeable Parts. This allowed people to maximize the production they could get out of their machines. | The invention of roads and canals really opened up trade not only from North to South on the rivers but now they could trade goods form East to West. The invention of the Erie Canal allowed cargo ships to sail on the Great Lakes so it allowed goods to be moved to the Western U.S.
16: Conclusion | Using the Past: | What can we learn from the past? We do not make the same mistakes that we made in the past. We also get ideas from the past to try to solve problems that worked in the past. Cause and Effect: Who/What made change happen? I believe that everyone and anything can make change happen because change happens every day.
17: Change and Continuity: What has changed? In my opinion almost everything has changed since the 1800s. Some examples include: the way we listen to music and what kind of music we listen to, changes in science and technology, the way we socialize with other people and many other things. Turning Points: How did past decisions or actions affect future choices? In the present we observe what people did that were bad and what people did that were good. And in the present we make those good choices that the people in the past made.
18: Through Their Eyes: What values, skills, and forms of knowledge did people need to succeed? People needed to know how to use the land to their full advantage. They needed to get food and resources from the land.
19: Works Cited | Mintz,S.(2007). Declaring Independence. Digital History. Apr. 25, 2010 from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu