S: LebanonLebanon was a peaceful country in the Middle East, until in 1958; Arabs mostly Muslims rebelled against the government. The Arabs were angered because the president, Camille Chamoun didn’t want to end diplomatic relations with the U.K. and France. Lebanon was currently siding Egypt that was at war with U.K., France, and Israel because of the problem in the Suez Canal in 1956. Also the Muslims wanted Lebanon to join United Arab Republic but the Christians in Lebanon wanted it to stick with the Western powers thus a civil war broke out. Though the United States. helped end the problem by sending thousands of marines to put a stop to the problem. The operation was called Operation Blue Bat it was mainly to kick the United Arab Republic out of Lebanon. After the problem was fixed the marines left Lebanon on October 25, 1958 they went back to the United States.
BC: Picture Bibliography Charles De Gaulle http://www.schillerinstitute.org/graphics/conferences/070915_Kiedrich/Chiquet/Charles_DeGaulle_JFK_reduced.jpg BrooklynDodgers http://summertownstock.com/panoramicsforebay/details/SummertownSun_BrooklynDodgers1911detail.jpg Explorer 1 http://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/images/content/182267main_Explorer1-browse.jpg Marine in lebanon http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Foxhole_-_Lebanon_-_Beirut_-_July_1958.jpg Pele http://www.independent.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00193/pele_193403s.jpg Starkweather and Fugate http://mylifeofcrime.files.wordpress.com/2007/03/starkweather-fugate.jpg Thalidomide boy http://lifestyle.indiainfo.com/2009/05/12/images/thalidomideboydeformed.jpg
FC: We Didn't Start The Fire... 1958 By Juan David
1: Introduction These topics came from the song We Didn't Start The Fire.. by Billy Joel. Me and my 8th grade SS class did this as our project. I hope you enjoy reading.
2: 1958... Lebanon Charles De Gaulle California Baseball Charles Starkweather Children of Thalidomide Pele United States First Satellite
3: Lebanon Lebanon was a peaceful country in the Middle East, until in 1958 when Arabs mostly, Muslims rebelled against the government. The Arabs were angered because the president, Camille Chamoun, didn't want to end diplomatic relations with the U.K. and France. Lebanon was currently siding with Egypt that was at war with U.K., France, and Israel because of the problem in the Suez Canal in 1956. Also the Muslims wanted Lebanon to join United Arab Republic but the Christians in Lebanon wanted it to stick with the Western powers .Thus a civil war broke out. Though the United States helped end the problem by sending thousands of marines to put a stop to the problem. The operation was called Operation Blue Bat it was mainly to kick the United Arab Republic out of Lebanon. After the problem was fixed the marines left Lebanon on October 25, 1958 they went back to the United States.
4: Charles De Gaulle Charles De Gaulle had helped France fight against Nazi Germany but when the war ended he lost power. Till in 1958 was elected prime mister because of the current crises in France, Algerian rebels wanted Algeria independence, and a civil war was about to break out. He ended it by giving the government full power for six months. The next year he was elected president with a 78% of the people voting for him and he founded the Fifth Republic that very same year, and he created a new constitution for the Fifth Republic to fallow. He gave himself special powers, to help end Algerian revolts. He stopped another Algerian revolt in 1960; Algerian had been fighting for seven bloody years, until Charles De Gaulle signed a cease-fire agreement in 1962. Then Algeria because independent by democratic vote in 1962. People voted 10 to 1 for Algeria's independence. Charles De Gaulle died in November 9th 1970 from a massive heart attack.
5: California Baseball In 1957 something really big happened that changed the life in the United States. The Brooklyn Dodgers left New York and went to Los Angeles. New York Giants Fallowed the Brooklyn Dodgers and stayed in California, San Francisco. Also that very same year Brooklyn Dodgers star player Roy Campanella was in a car crash accident and hit his neck and became paralyzed from his shoulders down. Though he was able to recover the use of his arms, he would still need to use a wheel chair for the rest of his life. People were shocked that Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants had left New York and went to the other side of the United States. Though this really helped the managers make more money, because moving to such a place would mean more people would end up being more interested in baseball means more Televisions would be bought which in the end means more money. So this was bad for the fans that were in New York but good for the team because they were wining more money.
6: Starkweather Homicide 18 year old Charles Starkweather and his girl friend, Caril Ann Fugate, went on a killing spree that impacted all of United States. They murdered a total of 11 people. There first victim was Robert Colvert, he was killed in 1957 while Charles Starkweather and Caril were robbing a gas station. There next victims were Caril's parents and her youngest sister which Charles stabbed to death. Then they killed 7 more people in Nebraska and Wyoming. Charles got caught by the police in a high speed chase and was sentenced to death. Charles died on June 25 1959 because of the electric chair. Caril got a life sentence and was set free on 1976 even though before Charles Starkweather was sent to death he said Caril took part in the murders. But people still today people don't know if Caril was either a hostage or a murderer.
7: Children of Thalidomide Thalidomide is a drug used to stop morning sickness, in 1957 to 1962 it was sold a lot around the world though people weren’t aware of the dangers this drug gave. When people found out it was banned in 1962 when because they found out that Thalidomide cause birth defects. If the drug was used during pregnancy the children would either be deformed, like deformed ears, legs, and arms. Or the child would not have legs or arms or in some cases flappers, which is really short stubs for arms. This drug was later approved in 1998 for a totally different sickness called leprosy though for you to buy or sell the drug you would have sign a contract saying you are aware of the dangers. Also this drug would not be sold to pregnant women. To this day the drug Thalidomide is sold in very low numbers due to the restriction and to the defects this drug creates.
8: Pele Edison Arantes do Nascimento, was born on 23rd of October 1940 though he prefers his nickname Pele. Since Pele was young he loved to play soccer, he did what ever he could to play soccer. Since Pele was really poor at youth he normally would played with beat up gear. In his teenage years he played for teams but that weren't very important but his famous one was. When he was 17 he went to the World cup. In 1957 he shot two goals which won the cup. He helped Brazil take the cup home which made him extremely famous and he was the youngest player to go and win a world cup making him even more famous. To this day Pele is still considered the best soccer player in history, Pele scored a total of 1280 goals in 1363 games and helped win three world cups for Brazil.
9: United States First Satellite Untied States first satellite, Explorer 1 was sent to space from Florida on Jan 31st 1958. The satellite made 12 orbits around the earth per day. It lost orbit and returned to earth on March 31st, 1970 after 58 thousand orbits around the earth. Explorer 1s mission was to measure the Radiation in the Earths atmosphere. This helped prove the radiation belts at Earth's orbit, and they later became van Allen Belts. So Explorer 1 proved its purpose, though United Sates got their idea from Satellite from the USSR which had sent there first Satellite much before United States did. United States then sent Explorer 2 when Explorer 1 started to fail on May 23, 1958 due to the batteries. Explorer 1 kept orbiting Earth even though it stopped functioning for the next 12 years. But Explorer 2 never reached orbit on March 5, 1958 due to an error in the rocket. United States later sent Explorer 3, then Explore 4 and so on. So Explorer 1 was a success for United Sates.
10: 7 Questions 1. Where did Brooklyn Dodgers go when they left New York? 2.In what year did people realize thalidomide was bad? 3.Why did Charles De Gaulle become president? 4.What cause the Civil war in Lebanon? 5.How many People did Charles Starkweather kill? 6.How old was Pele when he won the first world cup? 7.Where did the Americans get the idea of the Satellite?
11: Bibliography American Decades. Print Bellis, Mary. "First United States Satellite and Space Launch Vehicle." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr 2010.