S: 8th Grade East Coast Trip
FC: 8th Grade East Coast Trip
1: 8th Grade East Coast Trip 3/6/11-3/12/11 | Minnie Tu
2: Washington D.C. Area Sunday - March 6 *Meet at MCS *Sharpe’s Flight leaves SFO *Sharpe’s flight arrives at Washington Dulles *Udvar Hazy Air and Space Museum *Dinner - McDonald's *Kennedy Center (night touring) *Check into the hotel – Westin Tyson's Corner Hotel *Lights out. Monday - March 7 *Wake-up Call *Breakfast *Depart for the day *Wreath Laying Ceremony – Arlington National Cemetery *Tour Arlington National Cemetery - devotions *National Gallery of Art *Lunch – Art Gallery cafeteria *Group Photo (capitol) *Capitol building *Library of Congress *National Archives *Supreme Court – devotions *Vietnam Veteran's Memorial *Dinner – Armand’s (pizza) *Lincoln Memorial (night touring) - devotions *Korean War Memorial (night touring) *Iwo Jima/Marine Corps (night touring) *Return to the hotel *Lights out | Tuesday - March 8 *Wake-up call *Breakfast *Depart the hotel *White house *Souvenir Shopping *Newseum *Lunch – Newseum *Smithsonian Natural History Museum *Smithsonian American History Museum *Pentagon Tour *National Cathedral Evensong Service *Dinner – Sizzling Express *FDR Memorial (night touring) *Jefferson Memorial (night touring) *Return to the hotel *Lights out Wednesday - March 9 *Wake-up call *Breakfast and bags on the bus *Depart for the day *Mount Vernon *Lunch – Mount Vernon Cafeteria *Holocaust Museum – devotions *World War II Memorial *Washington Monument *Pentagon Memorial – devotions *Dinner – Pentagon City Mall *Depart for Gettysburg *Arrive at Gettysburg Courtyard Marriot *Lights out | Trip Itinerary
3: Gettysburg and Philadelphia Thursday - March 10 *Wake-up call *Breakfast *Bags on bus and depart for Gettysburg Battlefield *Gettysburg Visitor’s Center *Gettysburg battlefield tour *Lunch – General Pickett's Buffet *Amish country *Depart for Philadelphia *Dinner – Grand Old Cheesesteak in mall *Check into the hotel – Hilton Garden Inn Philadelphia *Lights out Philadelphia and New York City Friday - March 11 *Wake-up call *Breakfast *Bags on the bus and depart the hotel *Rocky Stairs *Benjamin Franklin's Grave *Liberty Bell *Independence Hall *Depart for New York City *Arrive in NYC *Rockefeller Center *Lunch – Rockefeller Center mall *Top of the Rock observation deck *Shopping at Times Square *Dinner – Havana Central (Cuban cuisine) *Broadway Show – Wicked *Head back to the hotel – Marriott at Brooklyn Bridge *Lights out | New York City Saturday - March 12 *Wake-up call *Breakfast at Celeste Diner *NY Subway (metro) to Battery Park *Ferry to Liberty Island and Ellis Island *Liberty Island *Ellis Island *Lunch – Seaport Pier 17 mall *Wall Street *Financial District *Trinity Church *Ground Zero *St. Paul's Chapel *Load bus to head to airport *Drop at JFK Airport *Delta non-stop flight to SFO *Arrive at SFO *Board bus to MCS *Arrive at MCS
4: National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar Hazy Center | The United States NASA Space Shuttle | What I learned: | A few of the planes that were hanging in the Udvar Hazy Air and Space Museum | A map of the Air and Space Museum | Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird"- the fastest human manned plane in the world | I learned that there were many different types of planes. Each of them have their own specific use. I was able to see the actual planes and understand how big their sizes actually were. The SR-71 Blackbird is the fastest plane in the world.
5: John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts | The Hall of Nations | The Kennedy Center terrace lit up at night on a rainy day. | I learned that the Kennedy Center is "one of the nation's busiest cultural institutions." They hold a variety of performances there. They include: musicals and theater; dance and ballet; popular, folk, jazz, orchestral, and chamber music; and many more. The Kennedy Center has two halls; one for the nations' flags and another one for the states' flags. A quote from him reads, "I am certain that after the dust of centuries has passed over our cities, we, too, will be remembered not for our victories or defeats in battle or in politics, but for our contribution to the human spirit." | What I learned: | The bronze bust of John. F. Kennedy sculpted by Robert Berks.
6: One of the quotes inscribed in rock from John F. Kennedy: Let the word go forth from this time and place to friend and foe alike that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans. | View from the top of the hill near John F. Kennedy's grave. The Washington Memorial and many headstones can be seen in the distance. | Arlington National Cemetery | The Honor Guard on duty for guarding the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. | The Tomb of the Unknown soldier. | What I learned: | I learned that there are over 300,000 people buried in Arlington National Cemetery. The most well known part of Arlington would be the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Honor guards are required to undergo strict training and follow a strict protocol. They are also called Sentinels of the Tomb of the Unknown. They guard it 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, whether rain or shine. I was able to experience a wreath laying by Milpitas Christian School. Another ceremony that I learned about from my tour guide would be the 21-gun Salute.
7: National Gallery of Art | The Mercury Fountain in the National Gallery of Art's West Building main Rotunda surrounded by multicolored Azaleas. | Washington, D.C. | Map and visitor's guide brochure for the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. The oil painting shown, "Ginevra De' Benci" was created by Leonardo Da Vinci. | I learned about the various pictures and sculptures in the gallery. There are a total of 19 permanent collections. I was able to see the sculptures, paintings in the West and East Buildings. There were a few pictures with biblical themes, such as Daniel and the Lion's den and the creation of Adam and Eve. The other section that I did not get to visit was the Sculpture Garden. | What I learned: | Postcard of Little Dancer Aged Fourteen also known as Petite Danseuse de Quatorze Ans by Edgar Degas. It was the only sculpture that he shared with the public. (right) | Art Museum from the back
8: U.S. Capitol Building | Brochure for the U.S. Capitol and Congress. The statue of Freedom can be seen atop the dome. | There are two of these "squares." If you stand on either one of them, you will be able to hear the echo from the other square due to the Hall's curved ceiling. | Statue of Father Junípero Serra from California. | "The Apotheosis of Washington" was painted on the inside of the Rotunda by Constantino Brumidi in 1865 | What I learned: | I learned that the statue on top of the dome was called "Freedom." The dome weighs a total of 8,909,200 pounds. The Rotunda is 180 ft. high and 96 ft. in diameter. The National Statuary Hall was originally where the House of Representatives met before it became too crowded. It is now filled with statues from different states. Below the Rotunda, there is a crypt that was supposed to be George Washington's burial place. The U.S. Capitol Building is an amazing place with artistic details everywhere.
9: Library of Congress | This statue stands for the celebration of electricity. Some inventions made possible with electricity are the telegraph, the telephone, electrical motors and lighting devices, and the elevator. | Brochure for the Library of Congress. | Shown in picture: windows, columns, ceiling and wall mosaics. One of the quotes on the wall reads, "Glory is acquired by virtue but preserved by letters." | What I learned: | I learned that the Library of Congress is the largest library in the world. It has 2 copies of each book that has been published. One of the few copies left of the Gutenburg Bible are on display. The Library also has all of Thomas Jefferson's books. It also holds many rare books. I learned from experience that the Library is a large place and that you can get lost in it. The building itself has many intricate details everywhere.
10: National Archives | Postcard of the photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima taken by Joe Rosenthal on February 23, 1945. It is five U.S. marines and a U.S. navy corpsman raising the U.S. flag on top of Mount Suribachi during The Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. | Brochure for the National Archives | Postcard of the Declaration of Independence. | What I learned: | I learned about a few of the documents stored there. We were not allowed to take pictures of the documents because light fades the writing. They want to preserve the document as much as possible and use dim lighting instead of bright light. A few of the documents on display were: The U.S. Constitution, The Declaration of Independence, The Bill of Rights, the Magna Carta, the Louisiana Purchase and the Emancipation Proclamation. The U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are the most well-known documents.
11: The Supreme Court | The west side of the Supreme Court. There are two statues; one on the right side and one on the left side. | (picture shown above) This statue is the Authority of the Law, which is on the right side in the Supreme Court picture. | (picture shown below) This statue is the Contemplation of Justice, which is on the left of the Supreme Court. (not visible in the picture) | What I learned: | The Supreme Court of the United States is where the Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices meet. They serve for their whole lives unless they are impeached. Impeachment means that they are accused of doing unlawful activity, which causes them to be removed. The current Chief Justice is John G. Roberts. The current Associate Justices are: Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan. (as of March 30, 2011)
12: Vietnam Veterans Memorial | One of the many names inscribed on the Vietnam Memorial wall. | The second half of the Vietnam Wall can be seen in the picture above. | Brochure for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. | What I learned: | I learned that many people visit the Vietnam Memorial everyday. The published number of names on the wall is 58.256 (brochure), but it is disputed because names have been added. | Statue of The Three Soldiers. They are White American, African American, and Hispanic American. It was made so that it seemed as if they were pointing to their fallen comrades (names) on the Vietnam Wall (picture on the right) | Statue of the Vietnam Women's Memorial. (above) The woman looking up is Hope, woman praying is Faith, and woman nursing the wounded is Charity.
13: Lincoln Memorial | Statue of Abraham Lincoln | The Gettysburg Address | Brochure for the Lincoln Memorial. | Postcard of the Lincoln Memorial | What I learned: | I learned that the statue of Abraham Lincoln was 19ft by 19ft. The two famous speeches on the north and south wall are his Second Inaugural Address and the Gettysburg Address, respectively. The Lincoln Memorial was created in memory of Abraham Lincoln. He was one of our most beloved presidents that led us through the Civil War.
14: Korean War Veterans Memorial | One of the Korean War statues | "Freedom is not Free" | Sandblasted pictures on the "Academy Black" Granite wall depicting soldiers and the war. | One of the Korean War statues | What I learned: | I learned that the planners originally intended for there to be 38 statues representing the 38th Parallel. The 39th Parallel North is where Korea is. Instead, They made 19 statues and you can see 38 "statues" total by looking at the wall's reflection. On the wall are sandblasted pictures of the war. The statues of the soldiers are dressed in the attire that they wore in the Korean War. The memorial is made so that it looks like Korea's rugged terrain. | Brochure for the Korean War Veterans Memorial
15: Marine Corps War Memorial | Iwo Jima Memorial | Postcard of the photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima taken by Joe Rosenthal on February 23, 1945. It is five U.S. marines and a U.S. navy corpsman raising the U.S. flag on top of Mount Suribachi during The Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II. | The Marine Corps War Memorial, also known as the Iwo Jima Memorial, at night. It was inspired by the photograph, Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. (the photograph for inspiration is on the left) | What I learned: | I learned that the five people raising the flag are Sergeant (SGT) Michael Strank, Corporal Harlon Block, Private First Class (PFC) Franklin Sousley, Private First Class (PFC) Rene Gagnon, Private First Class (PFC) Ira Hayes, Pattern Maker Second Class (PM2) John Bradley. Four were marines and one was a sailor. On the base is inscribed the quote, "In honor and memory of the men of the United States Marine Corps who have given their lives to their country since 10 November 1775"
16: The White House | Brochure for the White House | The back of the White House | The front of the White House | What I learned: | I learned that some of the people who work with the President also live in the White House. These people include his immediate family, cabinet members, and his body guards. I learned that the Vice President doesn't live in White House, because if it were to be attacked, the planners did not want the Vice President to be harmed also. In pictures, I mostly see the back of the White House, which I thought was the front of it. Instead, the front is different and looks like the picture to the right.
17: The Newseum | Brochure, Visitor's Guide, and Map for the Newseum | Pulitzer Prize Photographs that were on display. | The inside of the Newseum. | Old newspapers about disasters. | What I learned: | I was able to see some of the things that reporters do. Many risk their lives to get a good story. Reporters help people learn about what is happening in the rest of the world. We still see this in media today, and many of us watch the news or read the newspaper. These are all examples of things in the Newseum.
18: Smithsonian Natural History Museum | The Elephant Statue in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum Rotunda. | The Hope Diamond | African Mammals Exhibit | Marine Life Exhibit | What I learned: | I learned that there were 11 exhibits, not including temporary exhibits. They were: Hall of Geology, Gems, and Minerals; Hall of Human Origins; Dinosaurs/Hall of Paleobiology; Hall of Mammals; Insect Zoo; Ocean Hall; African Voices; Butterflies + Plants: Partners In Evolution; Western Cultures Hall; Korea Gallery; and Osteology: Hall of Bones. One interesting fact was that the Hope Diamond was believed to be cursed.
19: Smithsonian American History Museum | Golden "Star Spangled Banner" outside the actual exhibit. (top) | Dumbo (right) | Dorothy's Ruby Slippers. | A flying Pikachu. | One of the First Ladies Dresses | A violin with a Man's head in the place of a scroll. | What I learned: | In English class we learned about the Blacks' lunch counter demonstrations. At the Smithsonian American History Museum, I was able to see the actual Woolworth's Lunch Counter. (not pictured) I was also able to see what was left of the Star Spangled Banner. In addition to those things, I was able to see famous items in history.
20: The Pentagon | Postcard of the Pentagon | Postcard of the Pentagon | What I learned: | The Pentagon is heavily guarded and under strict security. I was not allowed to take pictures inside the Pentagon. Before, the interior walls were plain white. Now, they are decorated with paintings, filled with information, quilts, and many more. There were miniature models of the planes and ships that the army use today. The quilts were donated for the cause of 9/11. Originally, they had enough space to put all of the quilts on display at once, but now they alternate the quilts on display. The quilts range from collaborative class work to professional quilters' work. Inside the Pentagon was the American's Heroes Memorial. They have five black panels, one of which displays the Purple Heart medal. The Pentagon Courtyard in the middle of the Pentagon is the only place where the army members don't have to worry about saluting those who are of a higher rank. The army branches include: the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. All soldiers wear pants with a specifically colored stripe designated for their branch. An interesting fact would be that our tour guide walks backward because he is used to it.
21: Washington National Cathedral | Exterior of the National Cathedral | Space Window, which honors man's landing on the moon. | Flags of all the states | What I learned: | I learned that these types of cathedrals were supported by flying buttresses. It looks somewhat like an arch, and pushes the weight outwards, eventually to the ground. An interesting fact is that they have a Darth Vader grotesque on the side of the National Cathedral to keep demons and bad spirits away. Gargoyles were used to convey water away from the stone walls to prevent erosion. The Catholic Bible, hymns, and their services are completely different from a Christian's. | Cathdral Bulletin with the schedules, bible passages, and hymns
22: Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial | FDR Statue with his dog Fala. | The Four Freedoms: Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom from Want, Freedom from Fear | Fireside Chat Statue (above) | What I learned: | Franklin Delano Roosevelt Statue | I learned more about Franklin Delano Roosevelt's life. There were many of his quotes, and my favorite one is The Four Freedoms speech. The Four Freedoms were inspired by the speech. The memorial was dedicated to our President. It looks like a park, but is actually made up of a sequence of outdoor rooms.
23: Jefferson Memorial | Exterior of the Jefferson Memorial at night. You can see Thomas Jefferson's statue inside. The Rotunda is surrounded by columns. (above) | Statue of Thomas Jefferson | The Jefferson Memorial | Three excerpts from Jefferson's writings. | 1 | 2 | 3 | What I learned: | There is a ring above the columns that goes around the Rotunda. The sentence contains some of Jefferson's most words. The quote reads, "I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man."
24: Mount Vernon | George Washington's tomb | Tomb of Washington Erected 1830-31, Site & Material Specified in Washington's Will | George Washington's House | George Washington's Bust | Pig/hog (below) | Sheep (above) | What I learned: | I learned that George Washington loved his home at Mount Vernon. He farmed crops, raised livestock, and grew various fruits in his fruit orchard. He even experimented with cross-breeding plants. He was a very honest, humble, and homely man. | Mount Vernon Ticket | Mount Vernon Visitor Map
25: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum | Exterior of the Holocaust Museum | Quotes on the outside walls of the Holocaust Museum | 1 | 2 | ID card of a Holocaust girl | What I learned: | I learned about the suffering and persecution that Jews went through in Concentration camps during the Holocaust. We received ID cards of people who lived during the Holocaust. The ID cards told of their life story. I saw the shoes of people who had been burned in the crematoriums. The Holocaust was a frightening period of time | Postcard of pictures of Jews in the Holocaust Museum
26: National World War II Memorial | The Memorial Wall. It has 4,048 gold stars that each stand for 100 Americans who died in the war. (top) | The Atlantic Arch | "Kilroy was here" graffiti on the World War II Memorial | What I learned: | I learned about the number of stars on the Memorial Wall. There are 56 pillars, 50 for the states in the U.S., and 6 for territories. World War II lasted from 1941-1945, a total of four years. Each of the pillars have a wreath on them, alternating in design. The pool in the middle is called the Rainbow pool. There are two arches. The Atlantic Arch is on the northern side, while the Pacific Arch is on the southern side. There are four bronze eagles on each Arch. | (left) View of the Pacific Arch and the Fountain in the World War II Memorial.
27: Washington Monument | North view | West view | East view | South view | Washington Monument | What I learned: | I learned that the builders stopped the Monument's construction because of the Civil War. When the resumed construction, the rock was a slightly different color. Due to this, you can see a change in the Washington Monument's color. From the top of the Monument, you can see out the North, South, East, and West windows. This monument is simple, but an effective way to remember our first President, George Washington.
28: Pentagon Memorial | Written on the rock are names of people who died in the 9/11 plane crash into the Pentagon. | Pentagon Memorial Benches. Below the benches are the names of people who died. | What I learned: | There are benches that face, or point to, the Pentagon and those that point in the opposite direction. The ones that point to the Pentagon mean that the people whose names are written below the bench died while working in the Pentagon. The ones that point in the opposite direction mean that they died in the actual plane crash. The Pentagon Memorial is a park where you can remember those who died in the 9/11 incident.
29: Gettysburg Visitor's Center and Gettysburg Battle Field | The Virginia Monument General Robert E. Lee is on his horse, while seven Confederate soldiers stand below. (only three are visible in the picture) | One of the Gettysburg Cannons as it would have looked like during the Civil War. | Quote from the New York Times. | (left) The Gettysburg Address | What I learned: | Being able to see the actual battlefield helped me understand the layout more. We passed by Little Round Top, Cemetery Hill, and many other places that were mentioned in History class. Gettysburg National Military Park has reconstructed the cannons and placed them in the spot that the armies placed them during the Civil War. We also experienced the same weather because it was raining on that day.
30: Tour of Philadelphia | Rocky Stairs, U.S. Mint, Benjamin Franklin's Grave, Betsy Ross House | Rocky Statue | view from the top of the Rocky Stairs | Sign by Betsy Ross House. | Benjamin Franklin's grave with pennies. | Benjamin Franklin's Bust made with keys. | "The Last Resting Place of Benjamin Franklin." | United States Mint | What I learned: | During my tour in Philadelphia, I was able to visit the Rocky Stairs, U.S. Mint, Benjamin Franklin's Grave, and the Betsy Ross House. The Rocky Steps are actually seventy-two steps in front of the Philadelphia Museum of Art made famous by the movie. An interesting fact is that people throw pennies on Benjamin Franklin's grave because of his maxim, "A penny saved, is a penny earned."
31: Liberty Bell | The Liberty Bell | Bus 2 in front of the Liberty Bell | What I learned: | I learned that the Liberty Bell cracked many times and had to be replaced. The first bell was hung from a tree behind Independence Hall. The newest Liberty Bell was last hung in the bell tower at Independence Hall before it was removed and put in the Liberty Bell center. | Brochure for Independence/Liberty Bell
32: Assembly Hall | Courtroom | Independence Hall | Independence Hall | Independence National Historic Park ticket | I learned that Independence Hall was formally called the Pennsylvania State House. Independence Hall is in the center of Independence National Historic Park. The bell tower used to hold the Liberty Bell, but now holds the Centennial Bell. The Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution were drafted and signed in the Assembly Hall. (shown below as the green room) I am not sure why, but the Independence Hall seems to be under reconstruction. | What I learned:
33: Rockefeller Center | The Times Square Ball seen from the Rockefeller Center/Top of the Rock observation deck. (above) | Top of the Rock ticket | Empire State Building as seen from Top of the Rock observation deck. | *No actual picture of the GE Building | Top of the Rock | Skyscrapers closer to ground level as seen from the observation deck. (below) | What I learned: | I learned that Rockefeller Center is the plaza and not just the building. The main building that I visited was the GE Building. It is 850 feet tall and has 70 floors. Below the building is a shopping concourse. There are many restaurants and stores in it. I was able to see the Statue of Liberty with the help of camera zoom. From the observation deck, you can see Times Square, the Times Square Ball, The Empire State Building, and many more.
34: Times Square | advertisements | Toshiba Billboard | Times Square | What I learned: | I learned that Times Square is also called "The Crossroads of the World." One of the most famous events is the New Years Ball Drop. The ball is visible above the Toshiba Billboard.
35: Liberty Island and Ellis Island | What I learned: | I learned that Ellis Island was the place where immigrants went to in order to get to the United States for a new life. The Statue of Liberty is made out of thick copper. | Statue of Liberty | Entrance to Ellis Island | Brochure
36: Battery Park | The Sphere | Bull of Bowling Green | American Merchant Mariners' Memorial | Eternal Flame | What I learned: | I learned that the Bull of Bowling Green and The Sphere are part of Battery Park and the Financial District. The Sphere was one of the remains found in the World Trade Centers. An eternal flame burns continuously all day and all night.
37: Financial District | Bowling Green Bull | Bowling Green Bull, The Sphere, Battery Park, Trinity Church, Stock Exchange, Wall Street | New York Stock Exchange | Trinity Church | The Sphere | glass | George | Trinity Root (below) | What I learned: | I learned that The Sphere had been in the plaza in between the World Trade Center buildings. Trinity Root (the red sculpture on the left) was made from the remains of a Sycamore Tree that was destroyed | during 9/11. The Bowling Green Bull symbolizes Wall Street and the Financial District.
38: Ground Zero | Ground Zero lot | One World Trade Center | Beams in the shape of a cross | What I learned: | I learned that Ground Zero is the place on earth's surface closest to the detonation, or a large scale disaster. They are currently building the One World Trade Center or the Freedom Tower where the World Trade Centers once stood. It is to remember the World Trade Center Twin Towers and construct a new building in its likeness.
40: East Coast Trip Experience | Going on the East Coast Trip has been a life-changing experience for me. I was never the person who loved History, but now I am more interested in it. When I learned the things taught from textbooks, all of these things were distant. I knew that history had an impact on our present-day lives, but it was still something that didn't occur to me as "living." This trip taught me to be more appreciative and become more involved. The thing I liked best was "traveling through time" with my friends. I liked being able to discuss my thoughts. The Vietnam Memorial is one of my favorites. I was able to gain deeper insight into the minds of others during our devotions. Another thing that I liked was looking at the unique architecture. Architecture is art to me, and I love art. There were many new facts that I learned on this trip. Some of the wars that I learned about were the Civil War, World War II, the Vietnam War, and so on. No matter what troubles we go through, one thing is evident. God can be seen everywhere. He lets us be tempted or fall into sin (war) to teach us a lesson. In the end, though lives are lost, we benefit from the experience. I appreciate what people do for our country more. I appreciate Miss Shuler, all the kind chaperones, our encouraging tour guides, my friends, and dear classmates for making this trip possible. Of course, I appreciate those who have played a part in our history so that we will be able to see the memorials. I am thankful for my parents for paying for this once in a lifetime opportunity. Last but not least, I am thankful that God has protected everyone and kept us safe. I pray that everyone will be changed because of this experience and that this will lead us closer to what he wants for us. | Minnie Tu