S: ABC Book: Impacts on History in History by Maggi Whiston
FC: ABC Book: Impacts on History in History | By Maggi Whiston
1: ABC Book: Impact on History in History By Maggi Whiston Social Studies Exam- 1st Semester 2011
2: A is for Arrowheads Chapter 2 Page 14 | Arrowheads were used as weapons to hunt animals by the Native Americas. Many were found throughout the country and have helped us understand how Native Americans survived in the past.
4: B is for Bonnet Chapter 7 Page 68 | Stede Bonnet was a famous gentleman pirate who was one of the first privateers to go rogue. He showed us how people can change for greedy reasons and how people can and will do anything. The treasure he and other pirates found that were discovered years later helped us have a broader insight of what pirates did and took.
6: C is for the College of Charleston | Chapter 8 Page 84 | The College of Charleston, now the oldest college in South Carolina, opened their doors in 1770 to teach advanced subjects and was one of the schools opened soon after the English arrived in Carolina. Without this first step to a more advanced education, our gifted program for the more advanced students may not be as sophisticated as it is.
8: D is for Dinosaurs | Chapter 1 Page 3 & 4 | Dinosaurs are a very large part in history. We think of dinosaurs as some of the first things to walk this earth. We base our animals now from the animals then, trying to figure out how they survived for so long and how they, and us, evolved throughout history. Fossils created then are now used as energy and bones found are new discoveries in science that may help us understand and have a better concept of what happened when humans were not there to witness.
10: E is for the Englightenment | The Enlightenment was the rise of science in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. This movement led to great scientists and new discoveries. It's also why we have our great advances in science these days. | Chapter 8 Page 80
11: F is for the Fire Eaters | The Fire Eaters were one of two fashions vying for control of South Carolina in 1850s, despite the efforts to make SC a political unity. They believed in secession but did not agree on how the state should respond to the slavery crisis. Their leader, after the position fell from Robert Barnwell Rhett, Lawrence M Keitt, known for his outspoken nature, brought attention to the fire eaters and their beliefs. These two fashions slowed the process of South Carolina becoming united. Maybe if they didn’t try to control South Carolina, we might have been united earlier. The ideas and leaders would have been different, but the distraction of the fire eaters and the other fashion, are a blessing from above for this amazing state we call home. | Chapter 18 Page 215 &216
12: G is for Geographers | Geographers are always finding , collecting , and recording data . During the age of discovery , geographers were especially important and made a very large impact in history ; they were writing books that contained a great deal of new information about the Earth , and their recordings are why we have so much knowledge about it. today . | chapter 3 page 20
14: H is for Huckleberry Finn | Huckleberry Finn is an American Literature book written by major American writer, Samuel L. Clemens (whose pen name was Mark Twain). He grew up in Missouri, lived in the West and New England, and was one of the greatest writers from 1865 to 1900. Huckleberry Finn made people think and ask questions about the values of modern America and is now a classic American novel. | Chapter 22 Page 268
16: I is for the Ice Age | Ice Ages have been happening throughout history, blanketing many parts of the earth in layers and layers of snow. The last ice age, some 100,000 years ago that ended about 10,000 years ago, killed off animals known to us as dinosaurs. This last ice age might have been what allowed humans to cross distances that were rendered useless unless you had access to a boat. It may have been the reason most of the humans on the world today are where they are now, Native Americans were probably the first humans to travel to different lands over the ice. The fossils today help us discover how animals and humans have evolved and uncover new data to move us one step closer to finding a conclusion to how, the dinosaurs truly died and when it may happen, if it happens, again. | Chapter 2 Page 13 &14
17: J is for the Jazz Age | The Jazz Age was the time when music and dance were popular (in the 1920s). Several types of music and dance became popular and new types were created during this time. Unfortunately, this period of time was also known as the Lawless Decade. During this time, crime was regular in society. This is the reason gangs formed together and used violence to get what they wanted and pass their beliefs around (such as the Ku Klux Klan). | Chapter 25 Page 313)
19: K is for the Know Nothings | The Know Nothings were a secret group that banned together against the large number of Catholic immigrants. They feared the foreign influence in the United States and were called the Know Nothings because they claimed to know nothing when asked about their organization. The Whigs in New England and Middle states began supporting them. Because of the Know Nothings, the loss of Whigs power assured the election of Democratic President James Buchanan in 1856. | Chapter 18 Page 210
20: L is for Locke, John | Chapter 5 &7 Page 43 & 66 | John Locke was a famous philosopher, Lord Ashley Cooper’s doctor and secretary , and author. He explained that kings did not rule by divine right but by the consent of the people , was the one who put a gold tube into Lord Ashley Cooper’s side , and wrote the novel Two Treatises on Government . His ideas are why our government is how it is today ; the citizens having equal rights . He made people see his side and rebel against the English rule .
22: M is for the Middle Passage | Chapter 6 Page 56 | The middle passage was a trip where enslaved Africans travel to the American colonies in three voyages. From Africa to England, England to the West Indies, and from the West Indies to the Americas. This is how we got slaves from Africa and this is the first event from a long list of events that cause problems between the north and south, slaves and owners, and blacks and whites.
23: The Middle Passage was an awful, unhygienic, and long journey.
24: N is for Norsemen | The Norsemen, also known as vikings, led by Leif Eriksson, sailed west from Greenland and found Newfoundland around 1000. He named the land Vineland and settled there, but the Native Americans attacked and Eriksson fled. The stoies told may have been what led other sailors to try to explore the waters. | Chapter 3 Page 19 & 20
26: O is for Oyster Point | In 1680, settlers in South Carolina moved Charles Town from the marshy low location of Albemarle Point to Oyster Point. It was near a river, could be protected more easily, and our streets are based on the outline of their streets. The move of Charles Town is why we thrived so well afterwards. | Chapter 5 Page 47
28: P is for Pirates | Pirates are privateers who went rogue. Instead of raiding just ... ships for the government, they began raiding... ships also. They became greedy and raided the ships for themselves, keeping all the treasure for themselves. Sometimes they traded things in the markets and the people weren't upset about it because it brought in items from around the world. | Chapter 7 Page 68
30: Q is for Quakers | The Quakers were a group of radical Puritans who believed God spoke through an individual.Their ideas of equality and renounced war spread throughout the colonies and made people question the authority of the Proprietors. This led to our freedom from England. | Chapter 5 Page 42
31: R is for the Russian Revolution | The Russian Revolution was in the early 1900s when food and money were scarce. Most of Russia’s people were peasants and only the nobles in St. Petersburg lived in luxury. During March 1917, bread was running out in St. Petersburg. Workers went on strike and riots broke out. Tsar Nicholas, Russia’s emperor, gave up the throne when he lost control of his army when they were joining the riots. This event is significant in history because the next leader who took over Russia also took Russia out of the First World War. | Chapter 25 Page 312
32: S is for Shaman | A shamans are spiritual healers, or medicine men. They use herbs and roots to heal sickness. Because of them, Native Americans lived longer and when colonists came over, they shared their knowledge and helped our medicine advance and keep our people alive and healthy Without them, more colonists would have died when they first came over. | Chapter 2 Page 13
34: T is for Triangular Trade | Chapter 8 Page 80 | The triangular trade was the trade between America, the West Indies, and Africa. Because of the triangular trade, we learned a lot about other cultures. We also got slaves and this leads to a lot of problems between blacks and whites later.
35: U is for the United Nations | The United Nations was created by Roosevelt, hoping to keep the wartime Allies together. The members of the UN remain in session to keep the world at peace, solving country problems. Since their beginning in 1945, the United Nations have helped many countries get over disasters, wars, and other disagreements between countries and within countries. | Chapter 27 Page 343 & 344
36: V is for Vespucci, Amerigo | Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian merchant who reached mainland America. A mapmaker believing he reached it before Columbus named America after him. That is how we got the name America and how Vespucci’s adventures led us to where we are today. | Chapter 3 Page 21
37: W is for War Hawks | The War Hawks were a group of eager young Republicans in Congress who pushed Madison into war against Britain in 1812. Because of them, we went to war when we weren't ready, but it did start a new surge of nationalism. Also during the war, Francis Scott Key wrote our Star Spangled Banner | Chapter 13 Page 145
38: X is for XYZ Affair | Chapter 13 Page 147 | The XYZ Affair was when John Adams was president and the French threatened to declare war with the United States. Charles Pinckney and two other Americans met with three representatives of the French government who called themselves X, Y, and Z. The French asked for a bribe of $250,000 but Pinckney said no. The XYZ hailed Pinckney as a hero when he went back to the states. His popularity helped establish our government during the late 1700s.
39: Y is for the Yamassee War | In 1707, the Commons House set aside land for the Yamassee nation, but when they founded the town, Beaufort, the Yamassee made alliances with 15 other Indian nations to defend themselves. Governor Charles Craven sent a delegation to talk with the Indians but they killed him. For two years, the Indians and the Colonists fought. About 6 percent of whites were killed and the natives moved farther away from the whites. Our government changed then because the whites could no longer trust the Eight Lords Proprietors to defend them. It is why so many traveled to the New World | Chapter 7 Page 67
40: Z is for Zedong , Mao | Chapter 27 Page 344 | Mao Zedong, during the Cold War, forced nationalists out of China's mainland and occupy Taiwan. This event made China, the world's largest nation, communist. China is still a communist nation because of the Cold War and Mao Zedong.