FC: ABC Book of Iran
1: A | rt | During the 13th-16th century, Mongolians pretty much ruled Iran. Being ruled by Mongolians, much of the art was inspired by the Chinese culture.Iranians wanted much of this art to be very enjoyable using bright color but staying true to symbols and words that inspired them, as well as their audience. To this day Iran's art is branched off of European, Persian, and still Chinese paintings and other forms of art. | History of the Iranian Tile: Tiles were used to decorate monuments from the early ages of Iran. These tiles are still found today in Iran
2: B | uildings | The idea of high buildings can be traced back to many centuries long ago when monarchs were built, fortresses on elevated hilltops, so they could keep an eye on areas that needed surveillance. | Some historical Iranian buildings look like buildings you would find in Russia, with the large pointy domes in bright colors. Traditional Persian architecture has maintained a continuity that, although temporarily diverted by political internal conflicts or foreign intrusion, nonetheless has achieved a style that could hardly be mistaken for any other.
3: C | ommunication | The Iranian regime has developed, with the assistance of European telecommunications companies, one of the world's most sophisticated mechanisms for controlling and censoring the Internet, allowing it to examine the content of individual online communications on a massive scale.
4: D | ress | The clothing in Iran is pretty much the same to what Americans wear, except for the women. Most women are not allowed to show much skin so they wear long, loose black dresses and black tunics on their heads that may cover half, all, or none of their faces.
5: E | conomy | The Iranian government has made debt reduction one of its top priorities. Iran was forced to reschedule much of its foreign debt in 1 992. Since then, it has been diligently paying off what it owes, in an effort to improve access to longer-term financing. As a result, Iranian letters of credit are much better received now than they were two years ago. The economy is centrally planned, relying heavily on five-year plans. However, the government is taking measured steps toward its espoused goals of economic liberalization and inflation-fighting.
6: F | amily | According to the majority of Shi-ite theologians, the minimum ages for marriage for women and men are from seven to nine and twelve to fifteen years, respectively. At the close of the twentieth century, the age of marital consent for women was thirteen in Iran. | The emphasis on early marriage is partly based on the extremely negative attitude toward premarital sex and a belief that men and women who remain unmarried after early puberty risk engaging in forbidden sexual gratification.
7: G | overnment | The Iranian government has many different branches of government such as, Juditial, Consitutional, Executive, and Legislative. Their government is much like the US government except for the fact Iran is seperated between the Sunni's and the Shi'ites. | The Constitution stipulates that the government of the Republic derives its legitimacy from both God and the people. It is a theocracy in the sense that the rulers claim that they govern the Muslim people of Iran as the representatives of the divine being and the saintly Twelve Shia Imams.
8: H | istory | There is so much background and history that can be said about Iran. Kings, Empirors, ect. have ruled through the countless years. | The Median Empire, was the first Iranian dynasty corresponding to the northeastern section of present-day Iran, Northern-Khvarvarana and Asuristan (now days known as Iraq), and South and Eastern Anatolia. The inhabitants, who were known as Medes, and their neighbors, the Persians, spoke Median languages that were closely related to Aryan (Old Persian). Historians know very little about the Iranian culture under the Median dynasty, except that Zoroastrianism as well as a polytheistic religion was practiced, and a priestly caste called the Magi existed.
9: I | con | The flag of Iran was officially adopted on July 29, 1980. The colors of the flag date to the mid-18th century; green represents Islam; white represents peace, and red means courage. The centered symbol is said to symbolize the five principles of Islam. According to sources, the white stylized script on the red and green panels, repeated 22 times, is the Islamic phrase Allahu Akbar, meaning "God is greater than to be described. " The centered sword is representative of the country's strength.
10: J | obs | Iran is located in southwestern Asia. Iran is bordered on the North by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea, on the eastern side by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the southern side by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, on the western side by Iraq, and on the northwestern side by Turkey, with a total land boundary length of 5,440 km. Iran’s capital city is Tehran which is situated in the northwestern part of the country.
11: K | nowlage | The educational system of the country has gone under qualitative and quantitative changes. As far as quantitative changes are concerned, this education profile provides an overview of the Iranian education system. | A critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the Iranian education system requires an in-depth analysis of its structure, which goes beyond the scope of this profile.
12: L | anguage | The national language of Iran is Western Farsi. Literacy rate: 70%–75% among those 6 years old and over. Most of Iran's language branches off of the European language. Baluchi is spoken primarily within south eastern Iran and Western Pakistan. Again, it is written in the Perso-Arabic script but there is no established written tradition of this language.
13: M | ovement/ migration | Many Kurds, Turkens, and Perisans migrated to Iran in 684 AD. So much of the culture has been alive for for thousands of years. Other invaders such as the Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Turks followed, each leaving their mark on Persian culture through their philosophical, artistic, scientific, and religious contributions.
14: N | ational pride
15: O | rganizations
16: P | opulation
17: Q | uality
18: R | eligion
19: S | atus
20: T | aboo
21: U | rban or rual
22: V | acation
23: W | ays of everyday life
25: Y | um
26: Z | tuff