FC: The Great Outdoors | A cultural assessment of the “Mother land”
1: CAMPING | an ETHNIC GROUP is a group of people who share a common culture, language, religion, and race. Africa has countless ethnic groups but there are three our standards would like for us to learn: Ashanti, Arab, and Swahili. The other group is the Bantu, who are different because they are historic and based on language.
2: Bantu The Bantu people are considered to be the oldest people of Africa, with their origin in Cameroon. The Bantu are most noted for their language, and many groups are considered to be “Bantu people.” There are more than 60 million people who speak Bantu as their native language. They live primarily in the regions that straddle the equator and continue southward into southern Africa where it is believed they migrated.
3: Ashanti The Ashanti live in central Ghana in western Africa about 150 miles away from the coast. The area of Ashanti is 9,400 square miles (about the size of Vermont) with a population of about one million at the period independence. The Ashanti are a major ethnic group of the Akans in Ghana. The official language is English, but it is not spoken by many villagers. The Ashanti are part of the Akan tribes who speak various dialects of Twi. The language is very rich in proverbs, the use of which is taken to be a sign of wisdom. Boys are taught to use the “talking drums” which are used for learning the Ashanti language and spreading news and are also used in ceremonies.
4: Arabs Arabs include many different groups that share the same language and culture. They are named for the language they speak, Arabic, which originated with the tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. Arabs are the largest cultural group in the Middle East and live throughout Southwest Asia and North Africa.
5: Swahili The Swahili are the people of the eastern coast of Africa, living along the coasts of Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique. Historically, the Swahili controlled large kingdoms which gained power and wealth through trade with merchants from Southwest Asia and India. This foreign trade had a tremendous influence on Swahili culture. The Swahili language, Kiswahili, is a blend of Bantu and Arabic.
7: Traditional Beliefs Before Christianity and Islam were brought to Africa by outside forces, Africans practiced hundreds, perhaps thousands, of traditional religions. In fact, millions of Africans still practice these ancient traditional religions. These traditional religions can be placed into three different categories. The first includes religions that are based on worshipping ancestors, spirits, or gods. The next category includes religions based on worshipping animals, the land, inanimate (non-living) objects, or other natural occurrences. The third category is based on sorcery and witchcraft.
8: Part 2
9: Literacy Rates= Rates of those that can read and write
10: Literacy Rates
11: Zimbabwe is a Southern African country with a population of about 12.7 million people (Population Reference Bureau, 2004). Zimbabwe has a literacy rate of more than 90%, the highest in sub-Saharan Africa (Chitiyo, 2006).
13: Illiteracy rates in West Africa are the highest in the world, cramping development and weakening citizens’ power to effect socio-economic and political change, say education agencies, who are calling on governments and donors to step up literacy and education efforts. Sixty-five million West African adults – 40 percent of the adult population – cannot read or write according to a new study, 'From closed books to open doors – West Africa's literacy challenge'.
14: "Tens of millions of non-literate women, men and young people in West Africa are trapped behind closed doors, excluded from the living standards, educational opportunities, and democratic power that are their rights," said Mahamadou Cheick Diarra, coordinator of the African Platform for Adult Education (Pamoja).
15: What does all this mean??? “People [in West Africa] cannot access jobs or economic or technical opportunities that have been shown all over the world to be driving development," said the report’s author, Oxfam West Africa advocacy coordinator Caroline Pearce.
16: An educated population will also show stronger support for democracy, the report says. A recent study of 18 African countries found that education level was the most important factor determining levels of support for democracy and rejection of non-democratic alternatives.
17: Impact Every year of education raises a person’s income potential by at least 10 percent, according to the UN-led Education for All coalition’s 2009 monitoring report. In Niger, Nigeria and Senegal the mortality rates among children of mothers with secondary education were about half those among children with uneducated mothers, EFA says. "Investing in literacy is a better value investment than a bank bailout; it is the key to development,” said Gorgui Sow, ANCEFA coordinator.
18: End Result???? Education and especially reading is fundamenal to ALL areas of life and affects ALL standards of living. Education is very important!!!
19: Now tell me....what do you think???