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Africa Country Project- Nigeria

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Africa Country Project- Nigeria - Page Text Content

S: Honors World Cultures

BC: Honors World Cultures

FC: Africa Country Project; Nigeria

1: Population of Nigeria | 155,215,573 (July 2011 est)

2: People of Nigeria | Food: Food in Nigeria is traditionally eaten by hand. However, with the growing influence of Western culture, forks and spoons are becoming more common, even in remote villages. Whether people eat with their hand or a utensil, it is considered dirty and rude to eat using the left hand. | Marriage. There are three types of marriage in Nigeria today: religious marriage, civil marriage, and traditional marriage.

3: Classes and Castes: The highest tier of Nigerian society is made up of wealthy politicians, businessmen, and the educated elite. These people, however, make up only a tiny portion of the Nigerian population. Many Nigerians today suffer under great poverty. The lower classes tend have little chance of breaking from the vicious cycle of poverty. Poor education, lack of opportunities, ill health, corrupt politicians, and lack of even small amounts of wealth for investment all work to keep the lower classes in their place.

4: Geography of Nigeria | Nigeria has three main environmental regions: savanna, tropical forests, and coastal wetlands. These environmental regions greatly affect the cultures of the people who live there. The dry, open grasslands of the savanna make cereal farming and herding a way of life for the Hausa and the Fulani. The wet tropical forests to the south are good for farming fruits and vegetables—main income producers for the Yoruba, Igbo, and others in this area. The small ethnic groups living along the coast, such as the Ijaw and the Kalabari, are forced to keep their villages small due to lack of dry land. Living among creeks, lagoons, and salt marshes makes fishing and the salt trade part of everyday life in the area.

6: Government of Nigeria | Government. Nigeria is a republic, with the president acting as both head of state and head of government. Nigeria has had a long history of coups d'états, military rule, and dictatorship. However, this pattern was broken on 29 May 1999 as Nigeria's current president, Olusegun Obasanjo, took office following popular elections.

7: Under the current constitution, presidential elections are to be held every four years, with no president serving more than two terms in office. The Nigerian legislature consists of two houses: a Senate and a House of Representatives. All legislators are elected to four-year terms. Nigeria's judicial branch is headed by a Supreme Court, whose members were appointed by the Provisional Ruling Council, which ruled Nigeria during its recent transition to democracy. All Nigerians over age eighteen are eligible to vote.

8: c u r r e n t | E V E N T S | Lagos, Nigeria (CNN) -- Tensions between Christians and Muslims over the Muslim holiday Eid have resulted in the deaths of at least 20 people in the central Nigerian city of Jos, a government official said Tuesday. Sectarian violence broke out Monday after Christian youths attacked Muslims trying to worship in a mosque that had been burned in previous clashes, according to Choji Gyang, special adviser to the Plateau state government for religious affairs. The military was called in to stop the violence and shot into the crowd, Gyang said, adding that most of the deaths were caused by the military forces.

9: The city was largely calm Tuesday, but tensions remained and the military patrolled the streets. The clashes are part of ongoing violence that began with Christmas Eve bomb blasts in two Christian communities in Jos, the state capital that lies on a faith-based fault line between Muslim-dominated northern Nigeria and the mainly Christian south. Since then, dozens of Muslims and Christians have been targeted and killed based on their ethnic or religious identity, Human Rights Watch said this year. august 30th 2011- CNN

11: Source Page: | https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html | http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Nigeria.html | http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/africa/08/30/nigeria.violence/index.html

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