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All About Cells

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All About Cells - Page Text Content

S: All About Cells. Danielle Bradford and Marissa Farnkoff

FC: ALL ABOUT CELLS!!

1: All About Cells!! BY: Marissa Farnkoff & Danielle Bradford 3B

2: THE CELL THEORY!! | 1. Energy flow occurs within the cells. | 2. Heredity information (DNA) is passed on from cell to cell. | 3. All cells have the same basic chemical composition. | The idea that all living matter consists of cells, cells are the structural and functional units of life, and all cells come from preexisting cells.

3: WHO CAME UP WITH THIS AWESOMENESS?? | Matthias Schleiden- All plants are made of cells (1838) | Theodor Schwann- All animals are made of cells (1839) | Rudolf Virchow- All cells came from pre-existing cells(1855) | Robert Hooke- Named the cell; 'Cells' (1665)

4: PROKARYOTIC vs. EUKARYOTIC | One day, Prokaryote and Eukaryote got into an argument over who was the best. Now they are in the Principal's office telling the story; let's take a look and see how things happened. Prokaryote: I walked up to Eukaryote and said that I was smarter so I should write our paper. Eukaryote: I said that he is a no nucleus brat and I am smarter than he is because I have a nucleus and my DNA don't just roam around. Prokaryote: I can't help it that I'm not built with membrane around every part of me. Eukaryote: EXACTLY! That's why I am taking home our project to finish it, not a stupid Prokaryote. DUUUHH. Principal: Wait a minute you two, although one of you has a nucleus and the other doesn't you have similar insides too. Eukaryote&Prokaryote together: LIKE WHAT?!?! Principal: Every other organelle except the nucleus, as well as being composed from the same things. Eukaryote: Oh, well I guess we can BOTH work on our project. Prokaryote: Alrighty then.

5: PROKARYOTIC vs. EUKARYOTIC | which one is which? | 1. | 2. | 1. Eukaryote 2. Prokaryote

6: PLANTS | -Chloroplast: converts light energy into chemical energy (glucose) -Mitochondria: release chemical energy from glucose during cell respiration -Plasma Membrane: made of lipids, surrounds the cell, regulates what enters/ exits -Golgi Apparatus: packages proteins -Ribosomes: makes proteins -Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: helps build fats, detoxifies drugs -Cell Wall: additional support -Vacuole: contains enzymes that digest materials in the cell -Nuclear Envelope: surrounds the nucleus -Nucleolus: makes ribosomes -Nucleus: command center that controls DNA -Rough Endplasmic Reticulum: transports proteins within the cell -Cytoplasm: watery substance found in cells | Lysosome: contains enzymes that digest materials in the cell

7: ANIMALS | -Mitochondria: release chemical energy from glucose during cell respiration -Plasma Membrane: made of lipids, surrounds the cell, regulates what enters/ exits -Golgi Apparatus: packages proteins -Ribosomes: makes proteins -Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: helps build fats, detoxifies drugs -Nuclear Envelope: surrounds the nucleus -Nucleolus: makes ribosomes -Nucleus: command center that controls DNA -Rough Endplasmic Reticulum: transports proteins within the cell -Cytoplasm: watery substance found in cells | Lysosome: contains enzymes that digest materials in the cell

8: CELL STRUCTURES | Basic Structure&Motion -Cytoplasm: Watery substance found in all cells -Cell Wall: Found in plants and prokaryotes; additional support -Cilia: short hair-like projections for movement | Mostly Making Proteins -Nuclear Envelope: surrounds the Nucleus -Ribosomes: Make proteins -Rough ER: Transports proteins within the cell

9: Energy Needs -Mitochondria: release chemical energy from glucose during cell respiration -Chloroplasts: converts light energy into chemical energy | Clean and Store -Lysosome: contains enzymes that digest materials in cells -Vacuole: Small in animals, large in plants, stores food, waste, and WATER | CELL STRUCTURES

10: CELL MEMBRANE | The Cell Membrane acts as a balloon that holds air inside. | CELL MEMBRANE: made of lipids surrounds the cell, regulates what enters/exits.

11: Homeoastasis | Homeostasis: tendency of an organism/cell to regulate its internal conditions, usually by a system of feedback controls, so as to stabilize health and functioning, regardless of the outside changing conditions | So, basically making sure that everything is equal and normal

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  • Title: All About Cells
  • the cell theory
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  • Published: about 5 years ago

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