FC: China: Naval History Everything made by: Tomas Campos (Except for the pictures)
1: We all know the boat but where did it really come from? The ancient Chinese were the pioneers of this new way of transportation. Once they got the basic design they started changing it and adapting it | to whatever purpose they thought would be useful, entertaining, funny or just plain weird. All these ideas came from a mistake, a farmers mistake. Such purposes like fishing, war and defense communication and comfort or for the delight of nobles or kings were the purposes for which the Chinese were best known for, not only that but they were the only ones invented at that point in human and when you look at the chart all the other ones evolved from these five primary sections.
2: Fishing was very popular back then, they had been eating fish ever since they discovered the animal. A Chinese model fishing raft is long and rather thin. Throughout history the rafts have been getting longer for one reason...... they need the space, space to fit more and more cormorants.Cormorants were big birds with long beaks and long necks, perfect for fishing.
3: The fisher men would tie the cormorants to the boat so that they wouldn't fly away. while being stuck there the cormorants' temptation to catch fish was almost unbearable. the government would ware off an opportunity like this so they invented necklaces for the cormorants this may be the reason why we are the smartest species in this planet because we have tools or technologies that do stuff for us. | For example the necklaces would tighten the cormorants' necks so that they could only swallow the little fish and the fishermen would pull the big ones from the necks of the desperate cormorants that were trying to swallow such a big fish. the fisherman would later store his big fish and then wash & sell and in no time he would be swimming in CA$H. This made fishing extremely ironic your whole goal would change. | Starting with the fact that you were always wishing for a day with many big fish but a minimum amount of little fish because you also needed to maintain your birds a death would result in a terrible economical crisis for the fisherman and his family.fishing rafts transported food and when the merchants heard that it was time for them to make their move on the whole boat industry.
4: As soon as civilians got a hold of these new technologies they started incorporating these things into their regular life. One of the things they used was water taxis of ferry boats they were not only sick of traveling by foot but they were looking for adventure and a new step towards today. As everything else in this world the rich and the emperors wanted and had the biggest | and the best and the poor were stuck with the unwanted junk. Boats were just like cars back then the poor workers could not afford but yet again they pay for every ride they take just like a taxi. The one change humanity has taken with this type of transportation is that now the middle class usually have cars but back then normal people didn't have | a boat but the rich, the very rich, and the political leaders and emperors had boats. The considerably rich people would have a boat or car of their own to use whenever or for whatever reason they needed to in the privacy of their own little boat. The very filthy rich people would have nice long boats or maybe even a house boat. The big leaders or kings and emperors had big long cruises
5: that were almost bullet proof due to the fact that they had guards on every corner and certain waterways that were strictly for emperors only (or kings, of course). A certain type of civilian that so call themselves the merchants used to buy boats to turn them into stands and once there they could sell goods to the nearby travelers including munitions for war when they were running low.
6: This is probably one of the three most revolutionary inventions of human transportation. The idea for a platform capable of floating in the water without any help first came to the mind of a Chinese farmer that dropped a piece of wood on a water tank were he used to store the water for his family. He kept the idea to himself and started developing it but when he got stuck he went with the prototypes to the government and they couldn't believe their eyes. These inventions provided China with bigger fish from deeper parts of the ocean.
7: These inventions made the invaders from other countries to get sick of so many Chinese troops dropping in with their boats into the fight often causing victory or full retreat of the enemy. During time of overflow in the Chinese population some people could rent a room or two in someone else's boat | This brand new idea meant that people could make money of a boat and not by setting it for rent you could set up a store in one of them or you could be in an exporting system. These inventions provided for the delight of the kings so they would believe that civilians had potential and capability. Systems of transportation were suddenly common with new companies, boats transported messengers and officers and even witnesses of a crime scene much faster and efficiently. The kings loved these new fancy, floating beauties and they had many purposes for them they often used hem to show of or to invite some people or serve as hidden prisons for the king's deadliest enemies and they would just sail of to the unknown.
8: The Chinese put the boats to all kinds of purposes, once they found out about them of course. One of those purposes was war but not just but defense and threat. While boats were not great for attacking because of their lack of mobility in ground but they did serve for defense. China was very lucky to be located where it was because they could have guard boats in the two largest rivers protecting the main cities. The strategy that is modernly known as sniping was not officially invented by the Chinese but they did use it. They had infantry snipers on the boats, | with their newly invented rockets and grenades, shooting the hostile infantry and getting rid of them quickly or pushing them back where they came from. This must have been frustrating to the Mongols in so many different ways it hard to imagine. First of all, they didn't have grenades or rockets which would have been exceptionally good against such foes as boats and other types of carrier types. Second, they did not even have weapons but rocks found on the floor to throw back at the Chinese
9: Third, if they did manage to destroy or clear a boat from those snipers the Chinese would have millions more of those boats coming towards at the very same time and it would be hard to kill them all | because if you hit someone it the head with a rock they would go unconscious and eventually wake up. Last, boats weren't just sniping platforms they were also infantry carriers, they brought in more and more soldiers to battle. Some officers stepped up and went to battle in safe, guarded and near bullet proof ships with observation decks for a better view and for updates and warnings which helped with making decisions about weather to retreat or take some chances with some backup and they quickly spread the message around.
10: Some models like the fishing raft served in the area of providing food for the people and for providing jobs for unemployed civilians. This model is the one with the cormorants attached to it. The decorated sampan was sort of like a modern day yacht; it was owned by nobles and was | sort of like a lounge area for the owners to hang out with their friends. This often had a sail, it was run by two people a waiter or two and a driver or oarsman, an oarsman is sort of like a paddler and he operated the rudder, a sampan had a roof made of mats and it was decorated with | spiritual paintings. Poor workers used water taxis or ferry boats, this was exactly the same thing as a sampan only they had no waiters and the inner cabin or lounge was awful and full weird strangers. The houseboat was considerably four times the size of a sampan and you wouldn't just take it out for a ride on the weekends you were most likely to spend spring break or summer
11: vacation out on your cool awesome houseboat. The house boat was decorated with drawings or sacred sayings of Chinese prehistory. This could have also worked out as a primary residence and the day you got bored of your house's setting you could just bring up the Anker and just go! Now this big fellow known as the junk could carry lots of weight. Since people just wanted things that were bigger and better and therefore the junk was created. This held nearly 301 tons but this didn't come but right during the start of the golden age of china.
12: Quiz Time
13: 1. What is the name of the bird that was the most commonly used to fish? 2. What is the main difference in transportation ownership between today's middle class and the middle class in ancient china? 3. What did the farmer who invented the boat drop and where did he drop it? 4. What purpose did boats serve in an attack towards the enemy? 5. If you recently came into some money because of your new job what boat would you probably buy?
14: Bibliography http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/00/18/b7/47/summer-palace-boat.jpg http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00450/chinesejunk.htm http://www.chessinchina.net/html/aigo20.jpg http://jasonpriestart.com/joomla/images/stories/Portfolio/PersonalArt/Boats/ChineseBoats_01.jpg http://www.farplaces.net/Chinese%20Boat%20at%20Summer%20Palace.jpg Econewmexico.com/perchlorate-free-fireworks history.cultural-china.com/en/37H6314H12134.html
15: Bibliography Eyewitness Guides: China by: Arthur Cotterell Look into the past: The Ancient Chinese Civilizations of Asia n' the Pacific La aventura de Navegar Ancient Chinese World by: Torry Kleeman and Tracy Barret