S: Baroque Era Scrapbook
BC: Works Cited | http://www.baroque.org/baroque/whatis.htm Http://www.arthistory-famousartist-paintings.com Http://www.wgu.hu Http://www.codart.nl Http://library.thinkquest.org Http://www.eraofelagence.com Http://www.baroquemusic.org
FC: By : Jessica Slagle | Baroque Scrapbook | English II H | Sep. 2,11
1: Baroque Period | Dated between 1600 and 1750. The baroque style is characterized by the unity among the arts, paintings, sculptures, and architecture. The baroque paintings and sculptures that were highly developed and that used illusionism, made the viewer engage emotionally and physically. The baroque period brought about a new style of furniture; large wardrobes, cupboards, and cabinets. In the baroque period they also had many science advances, like astronomy, which brought them into the "new world". The arts during this time had a distinct style; exaggerate decoration, large sculptures, sense of movement, energy, tension, and contrast between light and shadow. The baroque period had two main religions; protestants and catholics, they had many conflicts during this era.
2: Baroque Architecture
3: Buildings of of this period are made with great curving forms and undulating facades. Built to make it non-symmetric and make the structures ornate and unique. They made various domes of different sizes. The buildings were mostly made of gilt, gold, marble, and bronze, to make beautiful buildings for the rich. The ceilings would be painted by famous painters to look like the painting was ingraved into the ceiling. The most distinct and common shape of the baroque period was the oval. They created buildings with interlacing oval, which allowed the architect to have more room to put in sculptures amd paintings.
4: The baroque style of art is a new style, most distinguished from the Renaissance because of its clear set stylic principles. | Baroque Art | Baroque art is a reaction against intricate and formulaic mannerisms that were used in the late renaissance. Baroque art is less complex, more realistic, and is more emotionally affecting. Baroque art was more dramatic and was used for religious and secular absolutism, and flourished in the Catholic church and Catholic Monarchies. Art would be painted on the ceiling of buildings by skilled artists to look like they were engraved into the ceiling. Baroque morals would be painted in churches because they knew that they would promote them and give the impression of power and authority.
5: The paintings that were in churches would have extreme lights and darks, and would have realistic faces and gestures.
6: The baroque music style expresses order and the mood of now and forever on, but yet it is still light and tuneful. The muic was derived from social and cultural context from the world, it also transcends time and space. The baroque music can be split into 3 catergories; baroque musical instruments, baroque stylistic elements, and baroque musical esthetic. The baroque musicc was made in several different ways; voice, strings, woodwinds, brass, keyboard/plucked, orchestra; they were mostly instrumentals. The biggest contrast between the baroque style and the music before the baroque time period is the dramatic compositions. The baroque period brought about the idea of melody and harmony, were as before they focused on one simple tune. The rhetoric form of music sparked the devolpment of new genres, particularly the area of vocal music.
7: Baroque Music
8: Famous Buildings
9: The Palace of Versailles is one of the most visited monuments in France, that began construction in 1664 and ended in 1715. The entire Versailles estate covers 2,000 acres, with the formal gardens, tree-lined paths, flowerbeds, lakes and fountains only covering 250 acres. | The Royal Palace of Castera is believed to be the last significant piece of Italian art. The St. Peter's square was originally square but was redesigned by Bernini, which was designed to hold 300,000 people. | Famous Buildings
10: Famous | Louis Le Vau transformed an old castle into this magnificent palace. The French architect Louis Le Vau, helped make some of the baroque eras most famous buildings, such as the Palace of Versailles and the palace above.
11: People | Jacob Van Ruisdael, a Dutch landscape painter. He was trained by his father, and was the nephew of the painter Salomon Van Ruisdael. The inspiration for his landscapes are unknown, but they are considered to some of the greatest of the Baroque Era. | Rubens, a Flemish artist, is best know for his counter reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical objects.
12: While performing with the sonades, Francois, and been working on magnificent pieces for the harpichord, which began appearing in elegant engraved editions. | Baroque Composer
13: Francois was a famous organist from St. Gervai, Paris who played mainly in Paris and Versailles. | He made many commitments to teach people the harpsichord and the organ which made it difficult for him to publicize his vocal and instrumental music. After his performance in 1690, he wrote no further works for the organ, but switched to the import of sonates and cantatas. Once he took up writing and performing sonates he formed a trio called the Sonades. One of the Sonades songs was obsorbed into the collection les nations, which then later on was described in a catalog as ' good and most excellent music which requires only a good performance'.
14: Baroque Clothing | Baroque Furniture | Baroque Hair Styles
15: The dresses women wore in the early years of the baroque period was called cavalier dresses, and was a jurrasic change from earlier period dresses. The trimmings of the dress were simple and confined, they also had a heighted waist, and the sleeves became full and then draped below the elbow (the first time in centuries.) For the men, they wore shirts called doublets, and pants called breeches; they were held together by ribbon bows. The wardrobes related details were more important than structural framework, because the details contribute to the overall harmonious design. The women parted their hair down the middle and had curls that trimmed across their forhead and ringlets that fell down the side of their faces. Most men grew out their hair into curls, or got a wig made with curls. After the era of wigs there was the era of more formal hairstyles, then at the end of the baroque period women began to wear their hair in tall fashions, some reaching to 60 cm tall!