BC: The End
FC: -Map of where battle was fought - Article talking about the Nazi's trouble getting to Stalingrad | Battle of Stalingrad
1: - Stalingrad, Russian city that had many factories that the Germans wanted because it was near main rail along the Volga River.
2: - Vasillii Chuikov, officer of Russia's Red Army. - Commander of the battle of Stalingrad for the Soviets. | July 1942: Chuikov assumes the control of the entire Stalingrad front.
3: - Gen. Friedrich von Paulus commander of German troops in Stalingrad. - Gen. Paulus and troops marching off to battle.
4: - August 19, 1942: The German Sixth Army under Gen. Friedrich von Paulus and the Fourth Panzer Army combined in a pincer attack on Russian troops.
5: -August 23, 1942: Bombing begins on Stalingrad by Hitler's army. - Article talking about Russians struggles
6: - September 13, 1942: large German attack carried itself to within 800 yards of Chuikov's command post until a Soviet division crossed over from the east bank of the river to push them back.
7: - September 14, 1942: Germans capture Mamaiev Hill, where they could dominate the river with their artillery fire. | - Artillery gun used during World War II like the ones in Stalingrad
8: November 19, 1942: A Russian counterattack developed Code-named Uranus and planned by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.
9: November 23, 1942: Russians trap Officer Paulus and the Sixth Army in a pocket 30 miles wide and 25 deep.
10: December 12, 1942: operation Winterblitz began to try to aid and support the Sixth Army.
11: - Political cartoon showing how the Russians will hold up against anything the Germans throw at them.
12: January 28, 1943: Russian troops reach the Volga. Causing Paulus to propose to surrender to save the wounded.
13: Dear Chuikov, By now you have probably realized that we are calling for supply drops. You may also notice that they are not that effective. Your Russian army is destroying more then half of our planes before they get to release there supplies. My men and I can not take this suffering anymore. We are freezing and starving to death. We can no longer fight under these conditions. Although Hitler has told me not to surrender I plan to. Taking Stalingrad was not worth losing as many men as we did. You have won Stalingrad. Your enemy, General Paulus
14: January 30, when Paulus surrendered to Gen. Mikhail Shumilov, only 94,000 Germans remained.
15: Dear Joseph Stalin, I wanted to let you know that are plans have worked. We have successfully made the Germans surrender. Even though Hitler would not, General Paulus decided it was the best thing; to save the wounded. Along with them surrendering just about every plan we had worked. No matter the amount of casualties we still fought to save the city. The whole battle the tractor factory was still in function. They still managed to produce tractors. The thing that really stopped the Germans was when we trapped them. While trapped they tried to fly in supplies but we shot the aircrafts down with our anti-aircraft guns. As you know the end result was the Germans surrender and a Russian victory. Your Comrade, Officer Chuikov
16: Dear Mommy, I’ve been away from home for quite a while and thought I would let you know how it’s going. After a couple of years with the Red Army I have now assumed control of the entire Stalingrad front after Marshal Semen Timoshenko. In August the Germans attacked Stalingrad but we stayed strong to defend our city. The Germans attacked us because, Stalingrad occupied a strategically vital area situated on the main rail and water communication lines along the Volga River in southern Russia. Although the Germans attacked us we replied with our own, by forcing the two German armies apart. In the end we won by trapping the Germans and caused them to starve as they attempted more counteroffensives to little avail. We offered terms of surrender in January, but the Germans refused. Hitler refused and the Germans lost thousands of more men. By January 30, when Paulus surrendered to Gen. Mikhail Shumilov, only 94,000 Germans remained. Hope you are proud of what we’ve done for Russia and want to see you soon. Love, Chuii!
17: - Germans using a artillery gun at Stalingrad. - Russian uniforms that were worn during the battle.
18: Citations: - Chandler, David G. Battles and Battlescenes of World War Two. New York: MacMillian Publishing Company, 1989. 147-55. Print. - "Battle of Stalingrad." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.
19: - PQ Historical Newspapers. N.p., 19 Aug. 1942. PANDA. Web. 5 May 2010.