BC: The END.
FC: The Life of Marie-Antoinette during the French Revolution
1: By: Nikki Coffey, Shelby Womack, & Raegan Miller
2: Marie Antoinette was born on November 2nd in 1755 in Vienna, Austria. She was the youngest daughter of fifteen. Her parents were Francis I and Mara Theresa. From which she was also known as Maria Theresa. In 1770 she married Louis XVI and became a French Queen. Together they had four children. Sons Louis Charles (Louis XVII of France) and Louis-Joseph (Duke of Brittany). Daughters Sophie Beatrix and Marie Therese Charlotte. She professed a Roman Catholic religion. She had no desire for politics or government. She opposed revolutionary reforms and plotted against the revolutionary government. She spent most of her time wasting money on jewels and luxurious items that weren't necessary because the economy was very poor.
3: Became a symbol for the wanton extravagance of the 18th century monarchy. She spent alot of money on clothes & jewels not even keeping in mind of her subjects plight. Princess & archduchess. Her marriage ceremony in 1770 was unmatched in royal pageantry. Unhappy marriage. Her pursuit was arts, fashion, dance, & French nightlife. Was bored with her marriage & full of frustration, began hanging out with friends; including activities such as masked balls in Paris, gambeling, theaterical & late night premendas in the park.Involved in the Diamond Necklace Affair scandal. Petit Trianan & Versailles was given to her by Louis XVI. By the late 1780's envy & hatred for her was widespread. Flirted with any other men even after she had her children, spent much time with Axel Ferson. Louis was devoted to her.
4: Marie Antoinette and three of her four children. | The frivolous 14-year-old Austrian princess who came to France to marry the future king, Louis XVI, developed strength and character over the years.
5: Marie Antoinette and her bizarre ship hairstyle. | Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, in coronation robes.
6: As the 18th century drew to a close, France's costly involvement in the American Revolution and extravagant spending by King Louis XVI and his predecessor had left the country on the brink of bankruptcy. Many expressed their desperation and resentment toward a regime that impost heavy taxes yet failed to provide relief by rioting, looting, and striking. The people had new ideas about the government, and presented their cahiers to the king. The middle and lower class were magnificently dissatisfied. | Conditions before the Revolution Began
7: Estates General and National Assembly | Estates General: The Estates General assembly were representing the nobles, the clergy, and the common people. They made this assembly with King Louis XVI to propose solutions to their government's financial problems. The Estates General lasted from May to June in 1789 but came to an end when the three states clashed over their respective powers. It came to an end when many member of the Third Estates, (the commons), formed themselves into the National Assembly. National Assembly: After the Third Estate left the Estates General, they made the National Assembly. On June 20th, 1789, the National Assembly members took the Tennis Court Oath, asking them to create a new constitution. King Louis didn't like the National Assembly. The assembly, however, had grown too strong, and the kind was forced to recognize the group. This Assembly made the King's power to decrease by making their own constitution.
8: As fear and violence grew in the capital the National Assembly continued to meet at Versallies. Meanwhile, Parisians began to panic as rumors of an impending military coup began to circulate. Fed up about the recent breakdown of royal power, rioters stormed into the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gun powder and weapons. Destruction grew quickly and peasants began to burn homes on tax collectors. | Bastille Battle and The womens march to Versallies
9: Later on, on October 5, 1789 a large group of French women came together in the central marketplace in Paris and began to march to Versallies. This was one of the most violent episodes that occurred during the French Revolution. It was staged in an effort to obtain bread and force the high prices of bread down. The original crowd was around 6,00, but as they marched through the streets more women left their homes and joined in the march. They were armed with pitchforks, muskets, pikes, swords, crowbars, and scythes, Once they reached Versallies, they stormed the gates. The king was awestruck and quickly gave into their demands. This went to show how women would go to drastic measures to feed their families.
10: Empire after its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. The Third Republic was a parliamentary republic, often unstable and constantly seeking legitimacy. By the end of the 1870s, the Third Republic found its home in the center of the French revolutionary and democratic tradition. The government enacted legislation aimed at solidifying the common identity of all Frenchmen: compulsory schooling, centralized curricula, civics education, mandatory military service, and the central control of all media and government information from Paris. | The French Republic
11: But it was the Boulanger Affair and the Dreyfus Affair (so commonly known that the latter simply became known as "The Affair") that, for better or for worse, gave the French Third Republic before World War I its own historical identity. General Georges Boulanger was a popular figure who captured the imagination of the French press. He found total army support when he reorganized the military as minister of war; he received business support when he led troops to end worker strikes. Most importantly, the agrarian poor were enchanted with this horseback riding hero as the preeminent French patriot. In 1889, Boulanger decided to use his popularity for his own advancement in the political arena: Boulanger hoped to establish a dictatorship in France on the heels of his election to the presidency by mass mandate. Through skillful manipulation of the media and popular symbols, Boulanger's campaign associated the would-be military dictator with patriotism, military victory, honor, constitutional reform, democracy, social welfare, and a whole litany of policies that gave each constituent group something to look forward to in a Boulanger administration. He was able to amass a large enough group to scare the Third Republic, but failed to gain the support he needed. His effort failed when he lost the election.
12: War with Europe during the 1700s was also known as the French and Indian war, or the Seven Years war. It began in 1754 and lasted until 1783. It was one of the most important conflicts in North America before the Revolutionary war. It involved many countries. It started in Europe, India, and North America. Countries began to ally with France to crush the power of Fredrick the Great, King of Persia, The English and French battled for colonial domination. This was known as the beginning of open hostiletics between the colonies and Great Britain,. England and France has been building toward a conflict since 1689. The population went from 250,000 to 1.25 million because of the efforts. Britain gained money to ship the need for war to Europe. This war lasted seven years. The British were victorious and claimed Canada and served other possessions in the new world. | War with Europe and Napoleon's Rise.
13: Napoleon eventually fell from power in 1814. When he lead his army to Russia in 1812. They had agreed to reopen trade with This was Napoleon's greatest mistake. he split his army to attempt to fight on two fronts. He then gathered together the largest army Europe had ever seen. It was known as the Grand Army. It consisted of 600,00 troops and more troops from the vassal and allied states. In June of 1812, the Russian troops fell back devastating the land. In \late November, after the retreat, took place the army only consisted of a fifth of its strength. His army couldn't handle the cold and starvation. The army went from 600,00 to 100,000. His decline of control was hastened. As the result, the French were no longer invincible. The French were no longer invincible. The French were slowly losing men. Napoleon lost power due to his poor decision and disastrous outcome. | Napoleon's Fall from Congress of Vienna
14: Diary Entry December 12th, 1788 Dear Diary, today was another hard day for the people in France. In such a short period of time, our country became much worst and we are suffering a great deed. I myself would want to go back to see what happened and changed what I did. I have set a bad example and people are blaming me for the hardship in France. I wonder what is going to happen to me, if this tension keeps rising, My husband is not doing anything special to help the hardship and make it go away. I wish he would work harder, to make life in France much better. I have a hard life for a Queen. Why can't I have some peace and live like a queen? Most queens relax and hang around and do what they want for the rest of their lives, why can't I? | Marie Antoinette's Diary Entries:
15: Thunders of cries outside my castle. I am to do nothing, but run away, in this little palace (actually huge). The mobs have secretly found a way in and are asking for bread. The mob seems really hungry, but that does not mean they should invade the palace, How dare them to invade my castle. My husband has done nothing about it, he says they are the people of France, but they are killing everyone as they try to reach my husband and I. I do not believe it's a reasonable solution. A king must even kill his own people when it comes to assaults. I've been saved by two fellow servants of mine, but they have dies to me. As the day got dimmer, my husband and I found a secret passage way to run away by. As we take out wagon and horses my husband met his tax collector. He says he has not been successfully able to collect tax and therefore the world is falling apart. I feel so poor, I only have 300,00 dollars and my husband has about one million dollars, Anyways, we go with out fellow tax collector and buy a small house at the borders of France and Austria. I have an itchy feeling about this. | 1792 Thunders of cries outside my castle. I am to do nothing, but run away, in this little palace. The mobs have secretly found a way in and are asking for bread. The mob seems really hungry, but that doesn't mean they should invade the palace. How dare they invade my castle. My husband has done nothing about it, he says they are the people of France, but they are killing everyone as they try to reach my husband and I. I do not believe its a reasonable solution. A King must even kill his own people when it comes to assaults. I've been saved by 2 fellow servants of mine, but they have died to me. As the day got dimmer, my husband and I found a secret passage way to run away by. As we take out the wagon and horses, my husband met his tax collector, Jason. He says he has not been successfully able to collect tax and therefore the world is falling apart. I feel so poor, I only have $300,000 and my husband has about $1 million. Anyway, we go with out fellow tax collector and buy a small house at the borders of France and Austria. I have an itchy feeling about this.
16: Dear Diary, I am so depressed these days. I am so worried that my husband is going to get executed. And after he gets executed, I have this weird feeling that I am going to get executed too. I don't know why. I just have this feeling that a mob of people are going to come into my house and attack me. I don't want to die at this age. I still have to watch my children grow and I can't just leave them to live by themselves in this dangerous world. This world is full of people who don't want to think about others and only think about themselves. I mean look at me, I am worrying about all these people and putting upon myself so much stress. I don't know how to handle this situation, because my husband might die, people might attack me, and I want to do so much things outside of my house! I am kind of sick of just being inside my house. I mean I was just attacked by almost thousands of people at my house. I mean, Parisian men and women came to our house and started attacking it! The people outside had no one to trust, no one to follow.
17: Thunders of cries outside my castle. I am to do nothing, but run away, in this little palace (actually huge). The mobs have secretly found a way in and are asking for bread. The mob seems really hungry, but that does not mean they should invade the palace, How dare them to invade my castle. My husband has done nothing about it, he says they are the people of France, but they are killing everyone as they try to reach my husband and I. I do not believe it's a reasonable solution. A king must even kill his own people when it comes to assaults. I've been saved by two fellow servants of mine, but they have dies to me. As the day got dimmer, my husband and I found a secret passage way to run away by. As we take out wagon and horses my husband met his tax collector. He says he has not been successfully able to collect tax and therefore the world is falling apart. I feel so poor, I only have 300,00 dollars and my husband has about one million dollars, Anyways, we go with out fellow tax collector and buy a small house at the borders of France and Austria. I have an itchy feeling about this. | I don't know how they could live without having a monarch, and just a good king as my husband. And what happens if my husband dies? How could I live my life without my husband? If I didn't have my husband then I wouldn't have this feeling that I have to die too. There's nothing I can do to stop these mobs of people attacking me. As usual, my servant Pierra came to me to give me news about the outside world. He told me that the outside world was even crazier. There were so many heads going off, and so many houses that were burning down. I told him, "Did you only watch those things happen? Did you not try to stop it?" He replied with, "Ma'am there is nothing I can do about this. I have no voice in this world." -Marie Antoinette
18: Book Sources: | "The French Revolution." The New Book of Knowledge. 2001. Print. "French Revolution." Encyclopedia Americana. Danbury, CT: Scholastic Library Pub., 2006. Print.
19: Website Sources: | Anthony, Katharine. "Marie Antonette." Nhdb.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2012.