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California Native Plants

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California Native Plants - Page Text Content

S: California Native Plants By Crystal Dunn Fall 2010

FC: California Native Plants

1: California has a wide variety of native plants that have covered its landscape since the world began. These plants are able to survive in the climate and weather of this region and bring different nutrients to the soil. This book showcases their beauty and features that make them a unique addition to any home or recreational garden.

2: An evergreen shrub that is native to California and other states in the western area of North America Habitats: Canyons, Coastal, Slopes Needs: Likes sun and part shade and needs minimal water Berries turn from red to black during regular season and are mildly toxic | Coffeeberry | Rhamnus californica

3: A smaller sub-shrub that can reach up to 3 feet in size and tends to grow under other larger plants, native to Northwest area of North America Habitats: Edge of wooded areas, clearings in forests Needs: Shaded to part sun, moderately drought tolerant but likes 30-50 inches of rain a year Has fragrant pink flowers | Wood Rose | Rosa gymnocarpa

4: Thin, tall, hardy grass; drought resistant perennial. Native to the Northern United States and is adapted to cooler climates on the Eastern coasts Habitats: Near larger growth plants to provide shade Needs: Likes sun and part shade and likes well drained soils Has a reddish or purplish base; may turn brown or deteriorate in summer but recovers in the fall | Red fescue | Festuca rubra

5: Full bush-like plant with thick central stocks and leaves; shorter shrub version has no stalks; often used in medicines, Native to Western North America Habitats: Forested areas, meadows, or roadside Needs: Adaptive to different soils- especially dry soils Has purplish/red flowers with seeds inside and covered in prickles that stick to clothing or animals | Hound's Tongue | Cynoglossum grande

6: Basil like foliage, drought tolerant and deer resistant; Native to Baja to Northern California Habitats: Dry slopes, chaparral, and woodlands Needs: Likes sun to light shade, low moisture Yellow flowers bloom in spring and droop from the thin, but densely packed, vegetation | Foothill Needlegrass | Nassella lepida

7: Perennial herb that spreads out over the ground; native to California and other regions of North America, occur naturally in non wetland areas of California Habitats: Temperate or subtropical climates Needs: Acidic soil, sun or part shade and frequent water Small white and yellow flowers with red or white fruit with brown seeds when ripe | Wild Strawberry | Fragaria vesca

8: An evergreen shrub that is native to California and other states in the western area of North America Habitats: Canyons, Coastal, Slopes Needs: Likes sun and part shade and needs minimal water Berries turn from red to black during regular season and is mildly toxic | Alum Root | Heuchera micrantha

9: A smaller sub-shrub that can reach up to 3 feet in size and tends to grow under other larger plants, native to Northwest area of North America Habitats: Forested areas- redwood and Douglas-fir Needs: Shaded to part sun, moderately drought tolerant but likes 30-50 inches of rain a year Has fragrant pink flowers | Redwood Sorrel | Oxalis oregana

10: A perennial herb; native to California and confined to the western North America Habitats: Forested areas- Redwood, Douglas-fir, Yellow Pine Needs: Likes coastal climate or part shade Small reddish-brown flowers; looks non-native and hardy to low temperatures | Wild Ginger | Asarum caudatum

11: A perennial herb; usually occurs in non wetland areas; native to California but occurs in many areas of North America Habitats: Forested areas- Redwood, Mixed evergreen, and Yellow Pine Needs: Shady moist areas Has spiny pink flowers extending from small tubular stems , used as ground cover | Tellima grandiflora | Fringecup

12: A small fern looking similar to the top of a palm tree; native to California and other parts of North America Habitats: Forested areas- North Coastal Coniferous, Redwood, Douglas-fir, Chaparral, Yellow Pine, and Red Fir Needs: Likes part shade and high moisture content Dark green fronds tightly clumped, deer proof | Western Sword Fern | Polystichum munitum

13: Deciduous shrub growing several feet tall; native to coastal ranges from San Luis Obispo to Alaska Habitats: Coastal ranges, non wetland areas Needs: Sun to shade with some water in the summer months Pinkish white flowers that attract hummingbirds during summer months, small berries | Snowberry | Symphoricarpus albus

14: A perennial herb with vertical flowering stalks; native to California and confined to Western North America Habitats: Pinyon-JuniperWoodland, Creosote Bush Scrub, Southwest Desert Mountains Needs: Likes good drainage and some water in spring and fall Leaves are arranged in small rosettes near the ground with small pink to red flowers | Eaton's Penstemon | Penstemon eatonii

15: An endemic shrub native to California alone, small evergreen shrub with a white coloring, grows very well in desert areas Habitats: Chaparral, Coastal Sage Scrub Needs: Full to part sun and low water needs Tolerates seaside conditions, alkaline soil and clay; attracts birds and butterflies | Saint Catherine's Lace | Eriogonum giganteum

16: An evergreen shrub with very dark foliage staying small in size; Native to California and confined to Western North America Habitats: Chaparral, Redwood Forest, Mixed Evergreen Forest, northern Coastal Scrub Needs: Sun or shade, moderate water Blue flowers in spring, can tolerate clay soils | Skylark | Penstemon eatoni

17: A perennial herb, small and shrub like native to California and Northwest North America Habitats: Forest- Yellow Pine, Mixed Evergreen, Red Fir, Sagebrush, Coastal Sage and Northern Coastal Scrub, Woodlands and Grasslands Needs: Sun, dry and sandy soils or feilds Small yellow daisy like flowers bloom throughout the year | San Bruno Aster | Heterotheca villosa

18: A perennial shrub that is native to California and slightly beyond Habitats: Woodland, Chaparral, Scrub, Forest- Northern Coastal, Closed-cone Pine, Redwood, Yellow Pine, Mixed Evergreen Needs: Likes partial shade, light water with good drainage Pink or yellow flowers, cold tolerant, deer proof, attracts hummingbirds | Sticky Monkey Flower | Mimulus aurantiacus

19: An evergreen perennial shrub; grows mostly on slopes, native to California and endemic to the state Habitats: Chaparral, Foothill Woodland Needs: Sun to part shade and is drought tolerant but needs good drainage Has fragrant white flowers, deer proof, attracts hummingbirds, cold tolerant | Pitcher Sage | Lepechinia calycina

20: A hybrid plant first found at the University of California Botanic Garden, two Salvia species; Native to California Habitats: Not known, assumed to be similar to other Salvia species native to the area Needs: Likes sun and little water Bright purple flowers in the spring, used for ground cover | Bee's Bliss | Salvia

21: A perennial herb that grows well on slopes, hybrid between Salvia mellifera and Salvia sonomensis; Native to California Habitats: Chaparral, Northern Oak Woodland, Yellow Pine Forest Needs: Sun to part shade, minimal watering Has fragrant blue flowers, attracts birds, tolerates seaside conditions, alkaline soil and clay | Dara's Choice | Salvia sonomensis

22: A monocot, perennial herb, enjoying rich soils; Native to California and confined to Western North America Habitats: Mixed Evergreen Forest, Coastal Prairie Needs: Likes full sun near the coast and part shade inland, some summer water Cream to purple flowers growing one to two feet above the plant | Hybrid Douglas Iris | Iris douglasiana

23: A perennial herb, enjoyed by moths and butterflies; Native to California and slightly beyond Habitats: Fresh-water marsh, wetland-riparian Needs: Sun to part shade, varying water Summer flowers from white to purple, must be cut down to the ground in the winter to return in the spring | Chilean Aster | Aster chilensis

24: An evergreen shrub, native to dry slopes of California and other states in the western area of North America Habitats: Chaparral Needs: Likes sun and perfect drainage Has fragrant lavender to blue flowers, attracts young hummingbirds, cold tolerant | Cleveland Sage | Salvia clevelandii

25: A perennial herb; native to dry hills in the coast ranges at higher elevations, Endemic to California Habitats: Coastal, Desert or Mountains Needs: Full sun, good drainage Violet flowers, attracts birds, Drought and cold tolerant, tolerates alkaline soil and clay | Blue Bedder | Penstemon heterophyllus

26: A perennial herb, ever flowering; California and confined to the western area of North America Habitats: Coastal- Strand, Sage Scrub Needs: Sun to part shade with higher levels of water Daisy like white and pink flowers, attracts butterflies, tolerates seaside conditions, alkaline soil and clay | Wayne Rodderick | Erigeron glaucus x

27: A smaller sub-shrub, grows well in dry sloped areas; native to California and found in the Northwest area of North America Habitats: chaparral, Coastal Sage Scrub, Foothill Woodland Needs: Full sun with winter rains Purple bristles extend from the plant in warmer months, deer resistant, reseeds vigorously | Purple Needle Grass | Nassella pulchra

28: A deciduous tree or shrub that is native to California and other states in the western area of North America Habitats: Canyons, Slopes, Chaparral, Foothill Woodland Needs: Likes full sun and some summer water Tolerant of clay soils, attracts birds, produces edible fruit with violet flowers | Western Redbud | Cercis occidentalis

29: A smaller perennial grass reaching a foot tall, native to Northwest area of North America Habitats: Yellow Pine Forest, Foothill Woodland, Valley Grassland Needs: Full sun with cooler temperatures or full sun with higher rainfall Grows well with other grasses, has small flowers with bluish-green leaves | Siskiyou Blue | Festuca idahoensis

30: An evergreen shrub with deep green foliage that is native to California and other states in the western area of North America Habitats: Desert Mountain Ranges Needs: Sun, drought tolerant White flowers in the warmer months with a fragrance, attracts birds | Tilden Park | Ceanothus greggii

31: An oak tree with holly-like leaves native to Northwest area of North America Habitats: Mixed Evergreen Forest, Foothill Woodland, Southern Oak Woodland Needs: Full sun and higher amounts of water when young Attracts birds and feeds butterflies, cold tolerant, drought tolerant, | Coast Live Oak | Quercuz agrifolia

32: An evergreen ground cover, a hybrid between Arctostaphylos uva-ursi and Artostaphylos nummularia; Endemic to California Habitats: Chaparral Needs: Rich, well draining soil Drought tolerant from Ft. Bragg through Oregon, small white flowers, tolerates clay | Emerald Carpet | Arctostaphylos

33: A variety of the Toyon plant, grows well in canyons and on slopes; Native to California and just beyond its borders Habitats: Chaparral Needs: Full sun and tolerates full shade, summer watering Small yellow berries that deers and birds will eat, attracts butterflies, tolerates sand, clay and serpentine soils | Davis Gold | Heteromeles arbutifolia

34: A tree tolerant to sand and seasonal flooding found in California and just beyond its borders Habitats: Redwood forest, Mixed-Evergreen Forest Needs: Likes sun and plenty of water in the young stage Does not tolerate clod well, grows to sixty feet in the first twenty years of growth | Redwood | Sequoia semperviren

35: A shrub with edible fruit but taste is a deterrent; Native to California and just outside its borders Habitats: Chaparral Needs: Full sun and tolerates full shade, drought tolerant but allows some water with good drainage Also known as Christmas Berry, small red fruits in winter, small white flowers in summer | Toyon | Heteromeles arbutiflia

36: All plants can be found in Los Altos, CA. Redwood Grove and Purissima Hills Water District

37: All photos were taken with a Cannon EOS digital rebel and shot at ISO 100.

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  • By: Crystal D.
  • Joined: about 6 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: California Native Plants
  • Educational book designed for a final project in an environmental photography class. Depicts different plants native to California and information about them.
  • Tags: None
  • Published: about 6 years ago

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