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Canadian Government

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Canadian Government - Page Text Content

S: Gurdit And Jawwad Government Project

FC: Canadian Government | By Khatra, Gurdit Khatra And Zaidi, Jawwad Zaidi

1: Canadian Government Hierarchal Diagram

2: The Monarch And Governor General | The Governor General is selected by the Prime Minister of Canada, although the formal decision is made by the Queen. The Governor Generals contract is usually five years, but it is sometimes extended up to seven years. Although the Queen is the head of state in Canada, the powers and authority of the monarch has been given to the Governor General of Canada. The role of the Canadian Governor General is mostly symbolic and ceremonial.

3: Parliament

4: The Senate consists of 105 members which are chosen by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. Seats are assigned on a regional basis. The four biggest regions have 24 given seats and the remainder seats are given to the smaller areas. The four major regions are: Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime Provinces and the Western provinces. The remaining seats are assigned to the smaller territories which include Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut. Senators may serve until they reach the age of 75. | Senate | House of Commons

5: House Of Commons | The House of Commons is a democratically elected housing station, consisting of 308 members MP. The House of Commons was established in 1867 when the BNA Act created the Dominion of Canada, and it was modeled on the British House of Commons. It is the lower of the two houses which make up parliament, the House of Commons in general holds far more power than the the Senate. Seats in the House are distributed roughly in proportion to the population of each province and territory. However, some ridings are more populous than others and the Canadian constitution contains rule which can create perfect cross over between the two laws.

6: Bills introduced in the commons and also debated there. The house of commons is always part of the legislative process. Each bill has to go through 3 processes in the house: First - general introduction and the title is read and it is given an order number. Second - an opening debate is held in the house and adjustments can be made, members also vote on whether it should go to the committee stage. Third - after the bill has gone through committee a shorter debate which is about the bills details. No further amendments can be made and another vote is held Members at the end of the second and/or third voting stage (known as the division) either 'aye' or 'no'. If the 'ayes' win the bill is passed to the next stage and vice versa. If the bill is dropped it can be reintroduced at a later time for a second try but the whole process has to start again. After the third stage if the bill is passed then it goes the senate. The stages in the senate are technically the same. However if the Lords reject or amended the bill it has to go back to the commons. This political 'ping pong' can go on for some time until the two buildings come to an agreement. | Bills

7: Devinder Shory

8: Stephan Harper | ZI PM

9: The Cabinet | The Government is broken up into sections. There are larger ones like National Defense, Transportation, and many others, including Heritage, and40 other "Ministries." Each of these departments is headed by a Cabinet Minister. Officially, they give advice to the Queen on the goings on in their areas of expertise. In practical they run their departments, much like the president of a company. The Prime Minister (the head of the Cabinet) and the rest will meet on a regular basis, to share ideas, and work together on specific projects that might require input from various departments.

10: They're supposed to determine whether laws passed by the cabinet and the methods used to enforce them are in line with the Constitution. We can think of no limits to their power. They can either say a law is constitutional and therefore can be enforced or is unconstitutionally rudiment the law cannot be in effect. | Supreme Court

11: The End Hope You Enjoyed!

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