S: The Castle Years
FC: The Castle Years | By: Holly Brinckman and Emma Ahlert
1: The Castle Years | By: Holly Brinckman and Emma Ahlert | Eyer Middle School | 2011-2012
2: Dedication | To all the King's and Queen's that ruled a Castle.
3: Medieval Menu | For dinner tonight we will be serving... | - bread with barley - barley soap -barley pancakes - barley pizza - cheese - veggies | -apples -mushrooms -beer -wine -wheat -pork -roast beef -lamb chops | Primary Source
4: What is a Castle? | A fortified, usually walled residence, as of a prince or noble in feudal times.
5: Why were they built? | A castle was built to withstand attack from an enemy. They were built for protection and bases for there soldiers. Any attack would have to cross the moat and break through the walls or the gatehouse to enter the castle.
6: People in a Castle | A King is a male sovereign or monarch; a man who holds by life tenure, and usually by hereditary right, the chief authority over a country and people. | A Queen is a female sovereign or monarch; the wife or consort of a king. | A Bishop is a person who supervises a number of local churches or a diocese, being in the Greek, Roman Catholic, Anglican, and other churches a member of the highest order of the ministry.
7: A Lord is a person who has authority, control, or power over others; a master, chief, or ruler. | A Lady had very important jobs in the castle. Besides caring for children, they were in charge of the Castles kitchen and meals. They were also in charge of entertainment and men job's in times of crisis. | A Knight is a mounted soldier serving under a feudal superior in the Middle Ages. | A merchant is a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader. | A Nun is a woman member of a religious order, especially one bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience. | A Peasant is a member of a class of people as in Europe, Asia, and Latin America, who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank.
8: The rooms in a castle | Their were often several Storerooms in the castle often located over the buttery and pantry. Used to store non-perishable kitchen items and products. | The Throne room was a later addition and was designed as a receiving room in a castle when the King or Queen was in residence | Storerooms | Throne room
9: Wardrobe | The room in the castle called the wardrobe was intended as a dressing room and storage room for clothes and used by Lord of the castle. This private room also became the storage room for costly, personal items such as jewels, coins, furs, spices, and plates. | Solar | The room in the castle called the Solar was intended for sleeping and private quarters and used by the Lord's family. It became a private sitting room favored by the family.
10: The room in the castle called the Lords and Ladies Chamber, or the Great Chamber, was intended for use as a bedroom and used by the lord and lady of the castle - it also afforded some privacy for the noble family of the castle. | Lords and Ladies Chamber | The Great Hall | The room in the castle called the Great Hall was intended for the main meeting and dining area and used by everyone who lived in the castle. The Great Hall was a large one-room structure with a loft ceiling which was located in the Inner Ward. At the end of the Great Hall was the Dais which was a raised platform for the high table where the highest ranking Lord and Nobles were seated. | The room in the castle called the Great Hall was intended for the main meeting and dining area and used by everyone who lived in the castle. The Great Hall was a large one-room structure with a loft ceiling which was located in the Inner Ward. At the end of the Great Hall was the Dais which was a raised platform for the high table where the highest ranking Lord and Nobles were seated.
11: This is just a few of the many rooms in a castle. The bigger the castle the more rooms it has. | Here are some more rooms that are topically found in a castle. | -Basement - Castle Library - Spinning and Weaving room -Treasury - Guardroom - the bower - the kitchen - the gate house | and many more.
12: Jobs in a Castle | There were many jobs in a castle! Here are just some examples. There were many more! An apothecary was a maker of medicines and potions, an armourer made weapons and armer, an almoner gave gifts to the poor, an arrowsmith made arrows, a baldiff gave out jobs. There was also a baker who made bread, a barber who cut hair and served as a dentist, a bard who sang and told tales, a blacksmith who sharpened tools, and a brewer who brewed beer and ale.
13: The butler cared for the cellar and was in charge of the butts (large barrels of wine and beer). The carpenter built floor, roof, furniture, etc. The carters were work men who brought the castle wood and stone. The chandler was the candle maker, the clerk checked material cost, and the cook cooked and prepared food. The falconer trained hawks for the sport falcony, the groom tended horses, and the knight was a professional soldier. The scullion washed and cleaned the kitchen. There were many more jobs in a Castle.
14: The Fall of Castles
15: Castles got destroyed by cannons and gun fire. Gunpowder was introduced to Europe in the 1320s and spread quickly. Why spend a fortune on building a castle which could be blown apart, when you could spend the money on developing your artillery?
17: Works Cited English, Edward D. "Castles during the Middle Ages." Ancient and Medieval History Online. About Facts On File, 2011. Web.
18: About the Authors | Emma Ahlert | I'm Emma Ahlert and I go to eyer middle school. I play the sports soccer and softball. I enjoy going on vacations to Maine and Cape Cod.
19: Holly Brinckman | I'm Holly Brinckman and I go to Eyer Middle School. I play soccer, basketball, and softball. I enjoy going to the beach every summer. I also love going to Disney World.