BC: The End
FC: Children's Book of World History... | By: Eric Kendall and Brian Ngyuen
1: Table of Contents | Pg 2&3-Ancient River Valley Civilizations Pg 4&5-Classical Greece and Rome Pg 6&7-Post-Classical Asia and Africa Pg 8&9-Post Classical(Medieval) Europe Pg 10&11-Renaissance and Reformation Pg 12&13-Enlightenment and Revolutions Pg 14&15-World War 1 Pg 16&17-World War II Pg 18&19-Cold War
2: Ancient River Valley Civilizations | The Ancient River Valley Civilizations are civilizations that developed around river valleys, a valley through which a river runs through. The development of civilizations led to farming, the activity or business of growing crops and raising live stocks, and staying in one place. This led to many new ideas developing in the societies. It led people to stay in one place and have a reliable food source. It also led to the development of social classes, social structures, belief systems, writing systems and much more. There were many civilizations but all were very different and help lead to new ideas. There were civilizations such as dynasties, a line of hereditary rulers of a country, and empires, a land with different territories and people under a single ruler. Even though these two are different, they gave so much to making of today.
3: What if...? | People had not learned to farm..? | If no one would've learned to farm, everything would be in chaos. There would not be any societies and the mortality rate would go way up. We would have to hunt for our food everyday and not have a reliable source of income. Eventually a disaster we would not be prepared for with our non existing technology would destroy us.
4: Classical Greece and Rome | In Classical Greece there were two main powers which were Spartans, people who were strong in the military and people of Sparta, and Athens, very intellectual people that were strong in politics. Both were living in the same lands, but were divided by the geography, physical features of the earth, which included a huge mountain. Spartans fought the Persians and won in the end after they fell and the Athens helped them. Than in Classical Rome this showed us new empires being Rome had the biggest empire back in the day, Rome contributed greatly to helping us develop government, the governing body of a nation, state or community, art, agricultures, literature, religions and much more.
5: What if...? | Athens had not embraced democracy...? | If Athens were to not have embraced democracy, who knows where we would end up? This is one of the starting points for how we have our government today. Our society wouldn't even be here if they did not embrace democracy. So many of our ideas came from them and all that has been done in the past milleniu would disappear.
6: Post Classical Africa and Asia Islam, the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah, start to rise during this era. It was starting to influence everything politically and socially around Asia, Africa and everywhere else. Civilizations were adventuring into new areas where they would gain new lands. As Africa was trying to find new ways to get easier ways of trade, the action of buying and selling goods and services, across their lands so was Asia. Asia was trading using boats and made the Silk Road, a road that stretched through China that made it easier for travel and trades. The Mongols, a native or national of Mongolia; a Mongolian, threaten most of China. This made it difficult for China to grow. | Islam, the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah, start to rise during this era. It was starting to influence everything politically and socially around Asia, Africa and everywhere else. Civilizations were adventuring into new areas where they would gain new lands. As Africa was trying to find new ways to get easier ways of trade, the action of buying and selling goods and services, across their lands so was Asia. Asia was trading using boats and made the Silk Road, a road that stretched through China that made it easier for travel and trades. The Mongols, a native or national of Mongolia; a Mongolian, threaten most of China. This made it difficult for China to grow. | Post Classical Africa and Asia
7: What If...? | The Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels? | If the Mongols had not open the Silk Road for travelers than China would not have been able to gain new knowledge. The merchants could not have traveled and expand their knowledge and new materials. This helped China grow as a nation because the Mongols respected merchants. This gave safe passage way to imports across the nations and since China could get their materials for items with ease, the cost for items went down and helped the economy.
8: Post Classical Europe | When the “Medieval” time of Europe came it basically was the rebirth, or the process of being reincarnated or born again, in knowledge. During this time no one knew how to read or write except for special people, mainly the church, a building used for public Christian worship.. Everyone had to do what they said because no one could read the bible other than the church so they would have to say ok because they would not say no and be wrong and defy god. Since we lost all that time till the rebirth, we lost a lot of time that we could not used to advance in years. We could possibly have had flying cars and we would be very advanced in technology, Machinery and equipment developed from such scientific knowledge, if that was to never happen. Also the diseases, is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism, back then would not have happened if we could have had the technology to counter it with a cure.
9: What If...? | the Black Plague did not attack Western Europe..? | If the black plague had not attacked Western Europe we would have a much bigger population. It’s given way and killed many of our intelligent people. The only good thing that came out of the Black Plague was that it helped us become immune to new types of illnesses. As time came along the disease helped the people build up their immune systems and fight off new bacteria.
10: Renaissance and Reformation | The Renaissance was a cultural movement that affected the European way of life. Europe was influenced by new ideas of literature, philosophy, art, politics, science, religion and humanism, a thought that focused on human potential and achievements. The renaissance was built off of new writings from Dante Alighieri and Francesco Petrarca, writing in the vernacular, or in the native language, not strictly Latin. Reading was made incredibly possible by the printing press, which was a machine that copied a text and produced massive quantities in a short amount of time, making reading more available to the general public. The Renaissance influenced many creative painters, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. The Reformation occurred and with the new Protestants and the Catholics fighting for ultimate religious power , Martin Luther believed that some of the Church's laws were corrupt like indulgences, which were pardons bought by people from the church. Leonardo became the "father of modern science" making new advances in astronomy, biology and and anatomy.
11: What if... the Catholic Church had been quicker to address Martin Luther? | The Reformation was in full swing, but if Martin Luther had been contained we would be in a Catholic dominated religious society. Martin Luther filled the heads of many people with the concept of the Catholic religion being corrupt and filled with injustice. If the Catholics got rid of Martin Luther before he got too big, it would set a power in the Catholic Church and threaten those to try start a religious rebellion
12: Enlightenment/ Revolutions | The Enlightenment began in the 18th century, being the rebirth of mankind, after the Dark ages. These times were filled with ideas and philosophy that centered on the idea of individualism. The Natural Rights were the life, liberty and property supported by individualism. The Enlightenment became the time to involve new types of government,that followed the checks and balances system, that kept each branch of government in check, like democracy the social contract, a contract agreed upon from the people, and new forms of economics like capitalism. The people of Europe became more literate, with the Industrial Revolution that took place, allowing a larger spread of manufactured goods, at lower prices and wider variety. Also time of leisure came into play with the salons, the meeting places for the people so they could relax. With the Industrial Revolution came new technology, which greatly improved the lifestyle of the people of mainly Great Britain, where the Industrial Revolution began. Inventions including the steam engine and telephone gave communication and transportation at more ease. Creating a new world of a modernized Europe.
13: What if... the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonists | The Enlightenment was crucial to the development of any major country to become an economic power and outstanding force to be dealt with. Without the Enlightenment it would be impossible for the people of Europe to expand their knowledge and continue to grow outwards, with new ideas, technology and economics that would follow for the next couple of years. The period of time became the focal point for all development in the new worlds and the old. The Enlightenment was a time rebirth for the people of Europe, and vaulted them towards a more intellectual future.
14: World War 1 | 1914 was the start of World War 1 when the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the spark for the beginning of the Great War. In the beginning Serbia killed the Austrian-Hungarian heir to the throne, making Austria Hungary declare war on Serbia, Russia backed up Serbia and Germany backed up Austria-Hungary.Trench Warfare, which was used to have cover for the soldiers while they fought, was used heavily in World War 1. Therefore France and Great Britain became allies of Russia and the war became imminent,or about to happen. On August 4th Germany took over Belgium and the war had officially start. The Russian government had to pull out of the war due to rebellious revolutions, or a forcible overthrow of a new system or control, within its borders, United States had to take over for Russia, by sending supplies to the Triple Entente. Germany ultimately was taken down by the combined effort of the Allies and the Treaty of Versailles was signed. The Treaty became known for the full guilt put on Germany, its restrictions on German military, and large reparations, the making of a wrong with payments of money or supplies, that Germany had to pay the Allies. The war ended in 1918.
15: What If...? Germany had not been solely blamed for WWI? | If Germany had not been solely blamed for the Great War, conflicts between Germany and the Triple Entente would not become as violent. Germany had to come to ruin economically and socially they were without reason to keep pushing on. Germany had a burning passion about getting revenge on the Triple Entente. This passion would come into play at a later date.
16: World War 2 | World War II became the largest and most destructive conflict in human history. Beginning in September 1939 German Adolf Hitler directed his army, a group of soldiers in on unit, to invade Poland. The Polish invasion was the start of World War II, when the Axis Powers which consisted of Germany Italy and Japan, and the Allies which was the United States, Great Britain, France. Great Britain took appeasement, to bring a state of peace, to avoid an inevitable war that would come down hard on the European people. U.S. got involved when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor,a U.S. base that was attacked to bring U.S. in the war, and the Allies started to fight back taking down German and Japanese attacks. With Russian support the Allies took down Hitler and the German army and U.S. ended the war with the drop of Atomic Bombs, a weapon of mass destruction, on Japan. The war ended August 14th, 1945.
17: What If...? What if the U.S. had not dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan | If the United States had not dropped two atomic bombs on the cities in Japan, we may have not had the Cold War. With the dropping of Atomic bombs, began the arms race and started the space race as well. The bombs led to future conflicts between the Russian and United States governments. This war would be the Cold War and could be the most terrifying.
18: Cold War | The Cold War was the continuing state from about 1947 to 1991 of political conflict, military tension, the state of being stretched tight and economic competition between the Communist World – primarily the Soviet Union and the powers of the Western world, primarily the United States. Although the chief military forces never engaged in a major battle with each other, they expressed the conflict through military coalitions, strategic conventional force deployments, extensive aid to states deemed vulnerable, espionage, propaganda, conventional and nuclear, denoting, relating to, or powered by the energy released in nuclear fission or fusion arms races, and technological competitions such as the Space Race. The USSR and the US saw each other as profound, or very important, enemies of their basic ways of life. The Warsaw Pact (1955–1991). The US financed the recovery of western Europe and forged NATO, a military alliance using containment of communism as a main strategy, thus stated by the Truman Doctrine to help those against Communism,a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property.
19: What If...? What if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment...? | If the U.S. did not involve themselves in the fight to keep Communism under control, the spread would have come to staggering power. This power of Communism would conquer the world and become a threat to the United States' border. Without such containment, many allies that we have now would be under control of the Soviet Union, which would also be in control due to the expansion of Communism.