FC: Spanish Explorers: Hernán Cortes and Juan Ponce de Leon Valentina Herrero
1: During the fifteenth century, Spain wanted a lot of things. They wanted to expand their knowledge about places they had never seen or heard of before and many explorers representing Spain reached their goal. The Renaissance was a time where Spain became very successful, the discoveries from the Spanish explorers brought Spain many untold riches, power and influence. In this project I will be comparing and contrasting Juan Ponce de Leon and Hernán Cortes. They were both Spanish explorers that achieved their goal in America.
2: Hernan Cortes
3: Hernan Cortes, a friendly explorer who actually cared about the natives. What? Yes, that is exactly what I just said. Hernan Cortes became very friendly with the Natives in Mexico and that is what led him to be a great explorer. Although his friendship was so that he could end up conquering the Aztecs. He conquered the Aztecs and became governor of some places he conquered. Cortes was born in Medellin, Spain around 1485. He went to the University of Salamanca when he was the age of 14. His parents wanted him to become a lawyer but he was more interested in exploration. The story of Christopher Columbus is what inspired him and he wanted to travel to the “New World”. He moved to the island of Hispaniola in the New World and became a farmer owning many areas of land and many Indians as slaves. But Cortes wanted adventure, so he joined an expedition led by Diego Velázquez and they traveled to the island of Cuba. Velázquez became the governor of Cuba, giving Cortes many slaves and making him rich.
4: Velázquez and Cortes heard about a new discovery from Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba, that he had found new land named Yucatan. Since they both wanted Yucatan’s riches, they made an expedition, making Cortes the captain. In 1519 Cortes sailed to Yucatan and met many Indian groups. Some of the coastal Indians gave women to Cortes as gifts and one of these women was Malinche, she learned Spanish and became his translator. A while later Cortes heard about a great city in the west, this city was the capital of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan in Mexico. He told his men they would become rich and famous and the only way was to help him conquer the Aztecs. So none of the men would leave him, he destroyed his ships giving them no way out. In August 1519 Cortes and his men started their journey to Tenochtitlan. When he arrived they greeted him very warmly, he met the Aztec Emperor, Montezuma and Cortes told him he would be his friend, lying to him. Cortes learned about Tenochtitlan and their culture; he disagreed with their religion so he decided to take over the city.
6: Juan Ponce de Leon
7: Juan Ponce de Leon was Spanish explorer that is mostly known for his search for the Fountain of Youth. He was born around 1474 in Santervas de Campos, a village in the northwestern part of what is now Spain. He joined the Spanish army still at a young age. At that time they were fighting against the Muslims. What inspired him to start exploring was when he heard about Columbus's voyage to the New World and he started to get interested and joined Columbus's second voyage in 1493, the start of his discoveries. Ponce de Leon settled in Hispaniola in 1493. In 1502 he married a Spanish woman named Leonor and had three daughters and one son. He helped conquer the Taino Indians in Higüey, the eastern part of Hispaniola. As a reward, the governor of Hispaniola made Ponce de Leon the governor of Higüey and gave him a large piece of land. In 1508 he traveled to San Juan Bautista, Puerto Rico and found gold, riches and became governor in 1509.
8: He heard a legend in Puerto Rico about an island Bimini, where they said there was a fountain that restored youth to all who drank it. He got very interested and in 1512 he talked to the King and Queen of Spain and asked permission to conquer Bimini, they agreed. March 3, 1513 Juan Ponce de Leon left Puerto Rico and sailed north, arriving to present-day St. Augustine, Florida. He claimed land for it and named it “La Florida” which in Spanish means “the flowered one”. | Later on, he sailed around Florida and discovered the Gulf Stream. In Florida, he fought with an Indian tribe named The Calusas and he returned to Puerto Rico. In 1521 he decided to settle in Florida and started his trip with many ships to start his colony. When he arrived, The Calusas did not allow anybody to take their land, they fought once more, Ponce de Leon was wounded during the attack and he was taken to Cuba.
9: Juan Ponce de Leon’s wound did not heal and he died in Cuba in July 1521. He is buried at the cathedral in Puerto Rico.
10: The Atlantic Slave Trade
11: How would it feel to be in your home one day with your family and the next thing you know you're working for people you don't even know, and have no idea where the rest of your family is? Well, this is how Africans felt during the fifteenth through nineteenth century. It all started when the Muslim traders bought Africans and selled them to the Indians.After the discoveries of the New World, many Europeans got interested and it soon became known as the Triangular Trade. The first stage of this trade | when good were carried to Africa from Europe and were traded for slaves, the slaves were taken to the New World and then from the profit they won from that they would take cotton and sugar back to Europe. They were mistreated and many of them would die on the way to America, for not eating and many diseases the Europeans had. They were beaten and they put so many of them in a room where they could easily suffocate and they didn't bother.
12: Those who survived would be separated from their families and start working for the Europeans for the rest of their lives. This trade stopped in the nineteenth century, where Europeans came to a conclusion where slavery should be abolished. | My grade and I went to a Curacao trip a few weeks ago and we went to visit the Museum Kura Hulandda, an anthropological museum. There, we learned a lot about the African Slave Trade and saw many of its artifacts that were kept there. Some of my buddies in school took pictures.
14: Quiz 1. When did Cortes and his men reach Tenochtitlan? 2. How many daughters did Juan Ponce de Leon have? a) Four daughters b) Two daughters c) One son and three daughters 3. Juan Ponce de Leon fought with The Calusas (an Indian group) in Florida. True False
15: 4. Who inspired both, Juan Ponce de Leon and Hernán Cortes to star exploring? 5. What was the name of the trade pattern that the Europeans had?
16: Bibliography Hernán Cortes: Streissguth, Thomas. Hernán Cortes. Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone, 2004. Print. Juan Ponce de Leon: Nobleman, Marc Tyler. Juan Ponce de Leon. Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone, 2005. Print. "Ponce de León, Juan." Compton's by Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 6 May 2010
17: Hernan Cortes Conquering http://xpoferens.cat/cortmok1.jpg Cortes against Aztecs http://www.nosoloviajeros.com/imagenes/miscelanea/hernan-cortes.jpg Cortes with Malanche http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/chasteen/topics/assets/topic38_img_big_01.gif Cortes route Map http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd/conquest_mexico_1519_21.jpg Juan Ponce de León Face http://www.corning.k12.ia.us/images/verna/WebQuest_files/Leon.jpg Ponce de León Route Map http://albert.sacredsf.org/~macadmin/unkefer/sh5/Juan_files/image003.gif Ponce de Leon Fountain of Youth http://www.lessignets.com/signetsdiane/calendrier/images/avril/2/Juan_Ponce_jouvence7.jpg Triangular Trade Map http://www.historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/images/triangulartrade.gif Slavery chains http://stufffromthelab.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/slavery.jpg