FC: The Life of Two Spanish Explorers of the 1500's | Francisco Coronado | Hernan Cortez | Viviana Gil
1: In the 1500's there were many European Explorers. Two of the very important explorers sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean, looking for gold, and silver. They return to Spain with riches, and with glory. Their names were Hernan Cortes and Francisco de Coronado.
2: Francisco de | Francisco Vasquez Coronado was a great explorer. He was born in 1510 in Salamanca, Spain. His parents were Juan Vasquez de Coronado and Isabel de Lujan. He was the couple’s second son. His father was a nobleman. Coronado attended the best schools. He lived in a university town, and attended the University of Salamanca. He became a commander in the military and a very important person. However, Coronado wanted to search for riches. Coronado‘s search for riches led him to the New World because he hearted about the 7 cities of gold. In 1521, Spain’s armies had conquered the Aztec Empire.
4: Francisco de Coronado | In the New World he became an important figure socially and politically because of the gold he found. Spain had started colonizing the New World, calling it New Spain. In New Spain, Coronado married a woman named Beatriz de Estrada. Beatriz was the daughter of New Spain’s late treasurer and cousins to Kind Charles first. They had five children. After only three years in New Spain, Coronado had it all. In 1538, Francisco was appointed to the City Council of Mexico City. He was also made governor of Nueva Galicia, a province in the western of New Spain. He was wealthy, respected, and a leader in the government. Francisco de Coronado died on September 22, 1554.
7: Hernan Cortez | Hernandez Cortez was born in Medellin, Spain in 1485. His parents were Martin Cortez de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altamino. The Cortez family was neither poor nor rich but they were part of the noble family. When Cortez was 12 years old he was send to live with his father’s family in Salamanca, Spain. He studies Latin and law at the University of Salamanca. After 2 years Cortez left school because he wants to explorer new lands and be famous. His family wasn’t so happy. Cortez went to the island of Santo Domingo, in those times the capital of Hispaniola, in 1504 when he was 19 year old and he stays there 7 years.
8: Hernan Cortez | When he went to the Canary Island, his ship ran into a storm that snapped off its mast and sent it limping back to port almost as soon as it set sail. Cortez invaded and conquered the Aztec empire populated by more than 5 million people. Cortez joined the military expedition of Diego de Velazquez that captured Cuba. After his victory, Cortez became the mayor of Santiago and married his sister-in-law of Velazquez. Cortez wanted gold and silver first and land and slaves second, but he got both. After five years in the New World, Cortez grew impatient with Hispaniola and the life of a farmer. Cortez return to Spain and he died when he was 62 years old.
10: Slavery | The slaves were also sold to the Arab traders. Portuguese arrived to Africa and the demand for slaves increased and the local rulers began to organize special expeditions to capture slaves Slavery got to the Caribbean by the Triangular Trade. The Triangular Trade is the name often given to the trade involving to move slaves from Africa to America and the Europe. In the move from Africa to America they first got to the Caribbean. By the 1600’s about 5000 slaves were taken from Africa to the Atlantic and the Caribbean but by the 1800’s about 75000 slaves were taken to the Caribbean. Slaves were force to work more than 8 hours a day and those owners didn’t pay them. They worked there entire live from when they were 13 or 15 years old. Many slaves were captured at an age of 11 or younger. | The slaves were also sold to the Arab traders. Portuguese arrived to Africa and the demand for slaves increased and the local rulers began to organize special expeditions to capture slaves Slavery got to the Caribbean by the Triangular Trade. The Triangular Trade is the name often given to the trade involving to move slaves from Africa to America and the Europe. In the move from Africa to America they first got to the Caribbean. By the 1600’s about 5000 slaves were taken from Africa to the Atlantic and the Caribbean but by the 1800’s about 75000 slaves were taken to the Caribbean. Slaves were force to work more than 8 hours a day and those owners didn’t pay them. They worked there entire live from when they were 13 or 15 years old. Many slaves were captured at an age of 11 or younger.
13: Slavery | At the beginning, by the 1400’s, slaves first worked as domestic servants. Then they start working as farmers and also in plantation and make things like cotton and sugar. Children were own as slaves when they were kids. Many families were separate and take to different parts of the world, and many of the families will never see them again. Slaves were sold in different prices, many were change for other things like vine or something to drink. The younger people value more that the older people.. By the 1900’s the European got to the conclusion that the slavery was wrong and should end. British fishing the slavery in the 1833. In America the president Lincoln end the slavery in the 1863. In Portugal the colony of Brazil end the slavery in the 1888.
15: Where do these two explorers born? In which university did the explorers study? Where did Cortes first explorer in the New World? Where did Coronado first explorer in the New World? What was the Triangular Trade?
17: Petrie, Kristin. Francisco Vasquez De Coronado. United States: ABDO Publishing Company, 2004. Print. Petrie, Kristin, and Kristin Petrie. Hernan Cortes. United States: ABDO Publishing Company, 2004. Print. Stefoff, Rebecca. Accidental Explorers. New York: Oxford University, 1992. Print. Streissguth, Thomas. Hernan Cortes. Mankato- Minnesota: Capstone, 2004. Print. Zronik, John. Hernando Cortes. N.p.: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2007. Print. | Text
18: Cortez: Turtleneck: http://www.historiadehonduras.hn/Historia/Colonial/principales_conquistadores.htm White and black: http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Mexicoweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Mexico7.htm Map: http://www.lilalions.com/blog/CM1A_LF/index.php?2009/01/21/23-hernan-cortes In the sea: http://www.hernancortes-vs-hernancortes.com/hernancortes_biografia.php Coronado: Map: http://history.howstuffworks.com/north-american-history/francisco-vasquez-de-coronado.htm/printable | Photos
19: Face: http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/coronado.htm Yellow cap: http://www.galenfrysinger.com/arizona_coronado_memorial.htm Slavery Slavery Maryland: http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Politics/pages-2/Obama-admits-he-was-black-before-the-election-Scrape-TV-The-World-on-your-side.html Map of triangular trade: http://www.sdpb.org/EducationalServicesGuide/etvprograms/ectp.asp