S: Globalized Production
BC: Photo Credits Front Cover: Bar of chocolate. net_efekt’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/wheatfields/4146894012/ Page 2: cacao beans. firstname.lastname@example.org’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/7284204@N07/4296489297/ Page 3: Milk Bottle. NickPiggott’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nickpiggott/513371114/ Page 4: vanilla-orchid-rs. acfou's photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/acfou/3188847601/ Page 5: Raw sugar thumbnail. Ayelie’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ayelie/501145309/ Page 6: IMG_7624. film_fatale’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/film_fatale/4301642242/ Page 7: CDC_Edamame. Public Domain. Page 8: Raw Almonds. Elenadan’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/melintur/2397934135/ Page 9: Silver Screens. Vandelizer’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeremy_vandel/3983524974/ Page 10: Green & Black’s Organic Chocolate. GypsyFae’s photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gypsyfaephotography/4337098520/ Page 11: Hershey Factory Smoke Stacks. slgckgc's photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/slgc/3755086304/ Page 12: Container Ship. jdnx's photostream. http://www.flickr.com/photos/danramarch/2875308472/
FC: Globalized Production: Chocolate Bar with Almonds
1: The world has slowly shrunk as traveling from place to place has become easier and faster. As part of this shrinking world, companies have been able to localize production by making parts of their products in different parts of the world, bringing them all to one place to make the final product, and selling the final end product the world over. We are going to look at an example of this globalized production by looking at all the places around the world that could be part of building a chocolate bar (with almonds, of course, since this is my book and that’s my favorite).
2: What is a chocolate bar without cocoa beans—better known to us as chocolate? While cocoa beans originally came from Mexico, you can now find beans in parts of West Africa, across Mexico, Central, and South America, as well as parts of Asia.
3: Milk is the next ingredient, since this is a milk chocolate bar. Milk is produced the world over from many different animals. We will focus on cow’s milk coming from good old North American cows.
4: Now that we have our tasty milk chocolate, we should add in the vanilla. True vanilla comes from a vanilla orchid. That’s right, vanilla actually comes from a flower. And that flower grows naturally only in Madagascar, an island just east of southern Africa.
5: Ah, yes, don’t forget the sugar. Sugar, that sweet, sweet grain of life. Okay, so maybe I eat a little too much sugar. Sugar comes from sugar cane and from sugar beats. Sugar beats can be found across North America, and sugar cane is found throughout the Caribbean and parts of South America and Asia. We will focus on sugar cane coming from Brazil, as they top Thailand as the largest producer of the plant.
6: Corn syrup is next. Not much exciting to report about corn syrup. It is a sweet by-product from the processing of corn. And corn is found worldwide, but as we are in the United States, we will just assume our corn syrup comes from a happy little family farm in rural Ohio; we all know we grow enough corn for this to work.
7: Soy lecithin, that extremely appetizing emulsifier that comes from soy beans, is a widely used ingredient in chocolate bars. Why? Because it works to make the final product firmer and allow for mass production and packaging. The United States grows plenty of soy beans for us to assume that the beans come from here.
8: Time to add my almonds. Almonds originated in the Middle East, and they can still come from there, but now 80% of the world’s supply comes from California, and nearly all that are consumed in the United States.
9: When we are manufacturing our candy bars, we need to wrap them in aluminum foil to keep them nice and fresh. The majority of aluminum comes from the West Indies and Australia, but some from North America, as well. Likely, in the quantity we would need for our factory, we would need it to come from all three places; whatever is cheapest at the time.
10: Finally, the fancy wrapper. We will assume ours is a paper wrapper. And, especially in the great northwest (Washington, Oregon, California), the United States creates enough wood pulp and manufactures enough paper to keep us supplied, so we will go with that.
11: Now, where should we pull all the pieces together to produce our chocolate bars? In Pennsylvania, like Hershey? How about in England, like Cadbury? Maybe in a factory in Mexico, India, or Indonesia? So many choices, and all are viable.
13: Once we are done producing our chocolate bars, we can sell them anywhere and everywhere in the world. And we can ship them there easily enough directly from our factory, wherever it is we placed it. The point is, from this example, you can see that products and services can all be made in one place, but it is increasingly likely in today’s world that every product made will have pieces and parts from destinations the world over. Is there even such a thing as a domestic product anymore?