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European Explorers

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FC: Hernan Cortes & Pedro Alvares Cabral | By Nathalia Boucinhas

1: Introduction | The 1500's should be called the "Time of Explorers", many Europeans became explorers in that time, such as Hernan Cortes & Pedro Alvares Cabral. And here you are going to know more about the life of those amazing explorers. | Explorers !

2: Hernan Cortes | Hernan Cortes was born in the city of Medellin, Spain around 1485. His parents were Martins Cortes and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. His family was neither rich nor poor. He married a girl named Catalina Juarez. Cortes went to the university of Salamano when he was 14, his parents wanted him to be a lawyer but that wasn't exactly what Hernan Cortes wanted to do.

3: Then Hernan continued sailing along the coast. In April 1519 he decided to form his own settlement on the southeastern Mexican coast, he called it Vera Cruz. There he heard about another tribe the Aztecs. Marina and Aguilar translated for Cortes. Marina translated from the Nahuatl to Mayan and Aguilar translated from Mayan to Spanish, in this way Cortes and his men new it about the Aztecs. | So he left the school after 2 years. He really liked the stories of Colombus and since he wanted to be an explorer. This appreciation for Columbus' story made Cortes a Spanish explorer. In his new job, of being a Spanish explorer, Hernan had to sail to the Americas so he went west. Cortes landed on Cozumel, a Mexican Island. The Spaniards then started to convert everybody on to island to Christianity.

4: Hernan Cortes through Marina and Aguilar convinced the native tribes to fight with him against the Aztecs. In August 1519 Cortes, his men and the other tribes started their march toward Tenochtitlan, where they just reached in November. Moctezuma the ruler of the Aztecs let they enter, Cortes had a such small army compared to the Aztecs' army so he knew that he couldn't conquered them by force.

5: So he started to being friend with Moctezuma and what really helped him too was that the Aztecs' ruler thought that Hernan Cortes was the god Quetzalcoalt. After a while Cortes had glory and power of the Aztecs. Hernan Cortes was successful in his voyage because he conquered land to Spain giving it more power and wealthy.

6: Pedro Alvares Cabral | Pedro Alvares Cabral was a Portuguese explorer. Cabral was born in Belmonte, Beira Baixa the province of Portugal in 1467. He was the third son of Fernao Cabral and Isabel de Gouveia. He came from a noble Portuguese family and he was also well educated as befitted his status. Pedro married a woman named Isabel Castro the daughter of Fernao de Noronha.

7: Cabral must have had excellent training in navigation and many experience as a seaman, for the King of Portugal, Manuel to considered him competent to continue the work of Vasco da Gama. | On March 8, 1500 Cabral sailed from Lisbon, Portugal with 13 ships and 1500 man, including another Portuguese explorer, Bartholomew Dias with for purpose of going to the Indies. This voyage of the exploration to the Indies lasted 1 year and a half. First they stopped on the Cape Verde Islands, then he sailed in a south-westerly direction toward the new world. On April 23,1500 Cabral landed on the coast of Brazil. He and his men thought that this new land was an island and Pedro named it the Island of True Cross.

8: Getting there, Cabral found the Indians who he had a lot of fights with but he won most of them and after it he finished conquering this new land to Portugal. On May 3 Cabral sailed back to Portugal but for some natural phenomenons and then he went to the Indians, they just landed on Portugal in June 23,1501.

9: Cabral brought with him some spices, Brazil wood, and wealthy things. Pedro Alvares Cabral was successful because he conquered the coast of Brazil, but he failed in his main point of his exploration that was to get to the Indies. Cabral never returned to Brazil again.

10: Slavery | In ancient time the idea that one person can own another and force him or her to work, came out and that was soon called slavery. The general work of a slave was to work in the plantations under the hot sun all the day long in the colonies of some European countries. Most of the slaves worked at the the New World, because many European countries as England, Spain and Portugal had colonies in the Americas so they needed people to wok for them. | At first they forced many of Native Americans to work for them, but soon many of them were dying from overwork, cruel treatment and exposure to European diseases. | Since then they needed more people to go and work in their colonies so the Portuguese, Henry the Navigator started to bring black Africans to the New World but at first they were supposed to be domestic servants, but many things happened and they ended up to be slaves.The Portuguese started an agreement with some Africans that kept other Africans as slaves, so since the Portuguese arrived on the West African Coast, Africans were taking in raids and marched to coastal forts so the Portuguese would selected those they wanted to buy, they paid in trade goods as alcohol, cloth and guns. This way of buying slaves was called The Slave Coast. | Since then they needed more people to go and work in their colonies so the Portuguese, Henry the Navigator started to bring black Africans to the New World but at first they were supposed to be domestic servants, but many things happened and they ended up to be slaves.The Portuguese started an agreement with some Africans that kept other Africans as slaves, so since the Portuguese arrived on the West African Coast, Africans were taking in raids and marched to coastal forts so the Portuguese would selected those they wanted to buy, they paid in trade goods as alcohol, cloth and guns. This way of buying slaves was called The Slave Coast.

11: Since then they needed more people to go and work in their colonies so the Portuguese, Henry the Navigator started to bring black Africans to the New World but at first they were supposed to be domestic servants, but many things happened and they ended up to be slaves.

12: The Portuguese started an agreement with some Africans that kept other Africans as slaves, so since the Portuguese arrived on the West African Coast, Africans were taking in raids and marched to coastal forts so the Portuguese would selected those they wanted to buy, they paid in trade goods as alcohol, cloth and guns. This way of buying slaves was called The Slave Coast. | The number of slaves that Henry took from Africa in a year was about to 1000 slaves, but after Chistopher Columbus' voyage to the Americas this number of slaves just started to increase and increase. Columbus' voyage was followed by new European colonies in the Americas, what made new plantation what had as consequence the need of slaves. That was the start of the Triangular Trade.

13: The Triangular Trade was the movement between colonies in the Americas, Europe and Africa and they traded plantation product such as sugar, rum, cotton and coffee, manufactured goods and slaves. The Triangular Trade worked like this, the people in the Americas sent plantation products to Europe, the European then sent manufactured goods to Africa and the Africans sent slaves to the Americas. This voyage that the slaves had to go through from Africa to the Americas was called the "Middle Passage", in this journey the slaves were packed tightly into the holds of ships and chained together. They suffered through intense heat, painful illnesses, poor living conditions and rough seas. Many of slaves would die during this voyage that lasted from four to six weeks. The slaves that survived this journey faced a lifetime of brutal work on plantation.

14: Finally, by the nineteenth century, many Europeans came to the conclusion that slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished. Since then countries had some revolutions, but in 1888 the slavery ended in Brazil, the last countries in the Americas to end slavery. Both Pedro Alvares Cabral and Hernan Cortes tretated the slaves bad, but Hernan treated worst than Pedro.

15: Quiz! | 1) How did Hernan Cortes communicate to people in the New World? | 2) Why couldn't Hernan Cortes conquer the Aztecs by force? | 3)When Pedro Alvares Cabral arrived on the New World he called the land the "Island of True Cross". What is the name of this land now? | 4) What was the Triangular Trade, and what did they trade? | 5) Why did the Portuguese start to bring African slaves to the New World?

16: Bibliography | 1)Famous Explorers. N.p., 26 Apr. 2010. Web. 26 Apr. 2010. . 2)Petrie, Kristin. Hernan Cortes. Edina: ABDO Publishing Company, 2004. Print. 3)Streissguth, Thomas. Hernan Cortes. Mankato: Capstone Press, 2004. Print. 4)Waldman, Carl, and Alan Wexler. Encyclopedia of Exploration. New York: Facts On File, 2004. Print. 5)World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: Scott Fetzer Company, 2006. Print.

17: Hernan Cortes: http://centros1.pntic.mec.es/cp.hernan.cortes/Medell%EDn/Html/HernanC.jpg http://admin.utep.edu/Portals/1791/press_images/horse.JPG http://lib.store.yahoo.net/lib/yhst-34591534167466/KnolSlaveTrade.jpg Pedro Alvares Cabral: http://www.guiadeturismo.tur.br/imagens/pedrocabral1.jpg http://www.parlamento.pt/VisitaVirtual/PublishingImages/painel_snobre_alvares_cabral.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6a/Gama_route_1.png/734px-Gama_route_1.png | Bibliography of the Photos

18: Bibliography of the Photos | Slavery: http://schooloffish.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/a_slavery_maryland_0327.jpg http://www.parlamento.pt/VisitaVirtual/PublishingImages/painel_snobre_alvares_cabral.jpg http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/slavery/images/equiano_map_passage.jpg

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Nathalia Boucinhas
  • By: Nathalia B.
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  • Title: European Explorers
  • It's going to show the life of Hernan Cortes and Pedro Alvares Cabral
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  • Published: over 6 years ago

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