S: Figurative Language
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FC: Figurative Language | by Jim Holland based on an idea by Deann Thompson
1: Introducing... SAM HOPI. This cute little creature helps us remember the elements of figurative language. Similes, Alliteration, Metaphors, Hyperbole, Onomatopoeia, Personification, and Idioms.
2: Simile A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. | as strong as a locomotive | as happy as a lark
3: A figure of speech using repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. | Alliteration | delicious desserts decorated the table | Mother made magical music on the piano
4: Metaphor | A figure of speech which involves a comparison between two unlike things using a form of "be" without using "like" or "as." A metaphor states that one thing is another. | He threw a rocket to the waiting receiver. | She was a church mouse, moving ever so quietly.
5: Hyperbole | A figure of speech which is an exaggerated statement used to heighten effect, to emphasize a point. | It will take a zillion years to finish remodeling the house. | I'm so hungry I could eat a whole cow!
6: Onomatopoeia | The use of words that mimic sounds to help bring a description to life. | Buzz! | Quack! | Tick! | Ding!
7: Personification | A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. | The hamburger called out my name. | The flowers begged for water.
8: Idioms | "A Leopard Can't Change His Spots" means you cannot change who you are. | "Curiosity Killed The Cat" means being inquisitive can lead you into a dangerous situation.
9: An idiom is a phrase whose meaning cannot be determined by the literal definition of the phrase itself, but refers instead to a figurative meaning that is known only through common use | "Saved By The Bell" means saved at the last possible moment. | "Don't count your chickens before they hatch" means don't rely on it until your sure of it.