S: For the Beginning of Freedom
BC: A Fitchworks Production
FC: For the Beginning of Freedom The Greensboro Public Sit Ins Alesia Fitch LIS-120 Final Project
1: What is freedom? What does it mean to be free? What would your world be like if you could not go certain places, eat in certain places, or receive the same kind of service because of the color of your skin? What would you do?
2: Black Americans have been fighting for equality for a long time. Equality is treating everyone the same no matter what color your skin is, if you are a girl or a boy, or whether you are rich or poor. Even though slavery was over, many black people still went through difficult times. Public places were segregated. Segregation means separation because of race. | Fighting For Equality
3: Black people had to use separate water fountains and bathrooms. They also had to enter in different entrances in restaurants and movie theaters. There were some public places black people were not allowed to go.
4: The Civil Rights Movement
5: The civil rights movement happened during a time where many Black Americans were tired of dealing with the racism against them. Racism is showing hatred towards someone because of the color of their skin. Many Black Americans tried to fight for their rights in many different ways. Some people used violence, because they were angry. Some people used their education to speak to people of authority that could change the problems. Others created organizations that would promote peace and social change.
6: A Memorable Day
7: All these events helped in the fight for equality. Yet, one event that happened in Greensboro, NC would change history. Four brave boys from A&T University, Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond, decided to do something that would begin to inspire people all over the nation.
8: The Sit In
9: On February 1, 1960, the boys walked into the Woolworth restaurant downtown Greensboro, and peacefully protested against Black people not being allowed to eat in that restaurant. They all sat down, and asked for an item on the menu. When no one answered them, they stayed at the restaurant to prove they were serious.
10: Meet the Boys...
11: Ezell was from Greensboro, North Carolina. He graduated from Dudley High School. He came to A&T University and finally graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology in 1963. He still impacts his community today. | Ezell Blair, Jr.
12: Franklin McCain
13: Franklin was born in Union County and he grew up in Washington, D.C. He came to A&T for chemistry and biology, and finally got his degree 1964. He continues to be a hard worker, and is active in his community.
14: Joseph McNeil
15: Joseph was originally from Wilmington, NC. He went to A&T for engineering physics and got his degree in 1963. He is still doing many things for justice in Black America.
16: David Richmond
17: David was born in Greensboro, NC. He also went to Dudley High School like Ezell. At A&T his major was business administration and accounting. He worked hard throughout his life. He died on December 7, 1990 from lung cancer.
18: Like Wildfire... | Because of what these boys decided to do on February 1, 1960, they inspired so many people. The next day the boys returned to Woolworth to protest. In the next few days, hundreds of people from all over North Carolina would join the boys in the peaceful protests. The sit-ins spoke to white people in authority that times needed to change. It took about five months before the Woolworth store finally integrated. The Greensboro sit-ins started something amazing. The boys now would become famous for being so brave.
19: Now true freedom could begin. So many students and people of the community begin to seriously fight for equality for Black Americans.
21: We will always remember these four boys who decided to take a stand for the beginning of freedom.