S: Frank Looyd Wright
BC: Frank Lloyd Wright | Created by: A.C. Smoker Spring Semester 2011
FC: Frank Lloyd Wright | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Frank_Lloyd_Wright_portrait.jpg/220px-Frank_Lloyd_Wright_portrait.jpg
1: Frank Lloyd Wright | "America's Architect" "A great architect is not made by way of a brain nearly so much as he is made by way of a cultivated, enriched heart". -Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959
2: Frank Lloyd Wright was born in Richland Center, Wisconsin on June 8, 1867. When he was twelve years old, Wright's family settled in Madison, Wisconsin where he attended Madison High School. During summers spent on his Uncle James Lloyd Jones' farm in Spring Green, Wisconsin, Wright first began to realize his dream of becoming an architect. | http://www.guggenheim-bilbao.es/microsites/frank_lloyd_wright/img/general/educacion/frank_lloyd_wright_educacion_intro.jpg
3: In 1885, he left Madison without finishing high school to work for Allan Conover, the Dean of the University of Wisconsin's Engineering department. While at the University, Wright spent two semesters studying civil engineering before moving to Chicago in 1887. | http://www.guggenheim-bilbao.es/microsites/frank_lloyd_wright/img/general/educacion/frank_lloyd_wright_educacion_intro.jpg
4: Wright adapted Sullivan's maxim "Form Follows Function" to his own revised theory of "Form and Function Are One." | In Chicago, he worked for architect Joseph Lyman Silsbee. Wright drafted the construction of his first building, the Lloyd-Jones family chapel, also known as Unity Chapel. One year later, he went to work for the firm Adler and Sullivan directly under Louis Sullivan. | http://www.nikiomahe.com/architecture-news/american-architecture-11-most-endangered-historic-places-in-united-states/
5: It was Sullivan's belief that American Architecture should be based on American function, not European traditions, a theory which Wright later developed further. Throughout his life, Wright acknowledged very few influences but credits Sullivan as a primary influence on his career. | http://www.googlpage=3&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:35&tx=31&ty=81 | http://www.rockwell-center.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/FLW-early-photo.jpg
6: While working for Sullivan, Wright met and fell in love with Catherine Tobin. The two moved to Oak Park, Illinois and built a home where they eventually raised their five children. In 1893, Sullivan and Wright ended their business relationship. Wright opened his own firm in Chicago, which he operated there for five years before transferring the practice to his home in Oak Park. | http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/uimages/chicago/FLW-OLGA-bedroom.jpg
7: Wright's early houses revealed a unique talent in the young, aspiring architect. They had a style all their own, mimicking that of a horizontal plane, with no basements or attics. | Built with natural materials and never painted, Wright utilized low-pitched rooflines with deep overhangs and uninterrupted walls of windows to merge the horizontal homes into their environments.
8: His simplistic houses served as an inspiration to the Prairie School, a name given to a group of architects whose style was indigenous of midwestern architecture. | He added large stone or brick fireplaces in the homes' heart, and made the rooms open to one another. | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/36/Harold-c-bradley-house.jpg/250px-Harold-c-bradley-house.jpg
9: Later he became one of its chief practitioners. Some of his most notable creations include the Robie House in Chicago, Illinois and the Martin House in Buffalo, New York. | http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Frank_Lloyd_Wright_-_Robie_House_5.JPG | http://img1.10bestmedia.com/Images/Photos/30580/frank-lloyd-wrights-darwin-martin-house-buffalo-ny-usa-attractions-best-attractions-activities-1530227_12_150x150.jpg
10: In 1909, after eighteen years in Oak Park, Wright left his home to move to Germany with a woman named Mamah Borthwick Cheney. When they returned in 1911, they moved to Spring Green, Wisconsin where his mother had given him a portion of his ancestors' land; it was the same farm where he had spent much time as a young boy. In Spring Green he constructed Taliesin. They lived there until 1914 when tragedy struck. An insane servant tragically murdered Cheney and six others, then set fire to Taliesin. Many people thought this horrific event would be the end of Wright's career. He proved them wrong however, with his decision to rebuild Taliesin.
11: http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/images/201003/taliesin_west_4_500.jpg | http://cache.virtualtourist.com/1/3467462-Taliesin_West_Frank_Lloyd_Wright-Phoenix.jpg
12: Over the next 20 years Wright's influence continued to grow in popularity in the United States and Europe. Eventually his innovative building style spread overseas. In 1915, Wright was commissioned to design the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo. | http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_zp6YgZPHXOI/Sj_O7r1c7dI/AAAAAAAAIXI/lBOU7yPdM9Q/s400/Frank+LlloydWright%2BImperialHotelTokyo%2Bc193%2BGettyMuseum-LosAngeles.jpg
13: He utilized natural materials, skylights and walls of windows to embrace the natural environment. He built skyscrapers that mimicked trees, with a central trunk and many branches projecting outward. | He proclaimed that shapes found in the environment should be not only integrated, but should become the basis of American architecture.
14: In 1932, Wright opened Taliesin up as an architectural fellowship where young students could pay to work with and learn from him. Thirty apprentices came to live with him at Taliesin. Through the Taliesin Fellowship, Wright created masterpieces such as Fallingwater (the Kaufmann House) in Mill Run, Pennsylvania, and the SC Johnson and Son Wax Company Administration Center in Racine, Wisconsin.
15: On April 9, 1959 at age ninety-two, Wright died at his home in Phoenix, Arizona. By the time of his death, he had become internationally recognized for his innovative building style and contemporary designs. He had created 1,141 designs, of which 532 were completed. | http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/flw/fallwatr.jpg
16: Works | Carter, Amanda. "Biography." CMGWW.com. Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation. 23 May 2011