BC: By: Patience Bryant
FC: Fungi Project | By:Patience Bryant
1: Amanita phalloides | Amanita phalloides are commonly referred to as the "Death Cap" due to it's toxicity if eaten. This type of mushroom lets off a deadly poison and if just half of the mushroom cap is eaten it could kill you in a matter of days. They are native to Europe and have made their way to different parts of the world including Australia. They closely resemble the commonly eaten Caesar mushroom making the possibility of consumption even greater. Amanita phalloides consumption has been the result of many deaths. There was a family in Oregon who ate these mushrooms causing all of the members to have a liver transplant. | This type of fungus is part of the Phyla 'Basidiomycota'. This type of fungus is known as club fungi.
2: Sarcoscypha coccinea | The Sarcoscypha coccinea is known as the "Scarlet Cup" or the "Scarlet Elf Cup". It is commonly found on the twigs of the European Hornbeam plant. This mushroom closely resembles a cup with ridges on the top and it can be a deep red color or a an orange color. Some people say that it is edible others say it is not. However, in Jura children eat it on bread and butter, raw! | This mushroom is part of the phyla Ascomycota.
3: Penicillium | Penicillium is very common in the medical field. You may be scratching your head on this one, but it is what Penicillin is produced from! Penicillium are soil fungi. They prefer cool climates and are usually found wherever organic material is available. Penicillium is also found in cheeses such as, Brie, Blue cheese, and Camembert. The purpose of Penicillium in medicine is important. It makes antibiotics which help fight off viruses that are in your body and kill them. Without this fungus we may never have penicillin or delicious cheeses! | This is part of the Deuteromycota phyla. It is also known as the imperfect fungi!
4: Rhizopus stolonifer | Rhizopus stolonifer is what most people call black bread mold. This fungus draws the nutrients from bread and literally sucks the life out of the bread. This mold can be very harmful to humans if consumed. It can cause opportunistic infection, which is a infection caused by pathogens. However if you have a healthy immune system it will not harm you but if you a have a compromised immune system thats a different story. This fungus lives in closed up humid places or if food is left out it could also dwell there also. | This is part of the Zygomycota phyla. It is also known as Zygote fungi
5: Flavoparmelia caperata | Flavoparmelia caperata is a type of lichen found in North America. They are known as the "Common Greenshield Lichen". This Lichen is a pale greenish yellow on the upper cortex of the lichen. It is found on bark of trees and sometimes on rock. It is not harmful to humans. Some types of lichen such as the Wolf lichen is poisonous. indigenous people make arrowheads out of this to kill their enemies. | This is part of the Lichen phyla. It is a combination of two organisms.
6: Dermatophytosis | Otherwise known as ringworm, Dermatophytosis is a fungal infection that lives feeds on keratin which is on your nails, outer layer of skin, and hair. Though you may think this is caused by a parasitic worm,it isn't! it caused by different types of fungi. This fungus causes a ring to show up on humans, cats, sheep, and cattle. Signs and symptoms of ringworm are a red ring that will enlarge, change color, crumble, and fall off eventually. | Ring worm is part of the Deuteromycota phyla. it is also known as the imperfect fungi.