S: Gender Inequality in the Middle East
FC: Gender Inequality in the Middle East | Created by:Jessica Dam
1: By: Jessica Dam
2: An Introduction into Gender Inequality
4: Gender inequality in the Middle East creates harsh barriers between females and males, with females bearing the transgression of the maltreatment.
6: Sharia Law a.k.a Islamic Law
8: What is Sharia Law? | The Sharia Law steers all characteristics of Muslim life which consisting of daily routines, religious and household responsibilities, and how to handle things financially.
10: What is Sharia Law? | This law is based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad whose sayings and teachings are found in the holy Qur’an. It governs the personal situations of individuals such as divorce, inheritance, custody, etc.
12: How is this law Controversial?
13: This law can be contradicted because it influences the way others behave. Since its interpretations of punishment such as stoning and amputation, including unequal conduct towards women in independence, dress code, and inheritance, it is illegal in many nations.
14: How is it Controversial? | For example, husbands cannot get away with killing their wives without getting arrested in the U.S., as where in Iran it is legal.
16: This law allows males to obtain dominance over females because the constitution of the law shows that they have an abundance of more rights. | How is it Controversial?
18: Unjustified Laws: Iran
20: Some Unfair Laws...
21: A man can divorce his wife whenever he wishes. But if the divorce is set off by the wife, she must prove her husband guilty of transgression. The wife must also receive permission from her husband to initiate a divorce. If a woman decides to buy her child a home, she must ask her husband first. If a mother needs her child to have surgery, she must have her spouse's signature.
22: Some Unfair Laws...
23: If a child's father was Iranian, the child would also be considered Iranian. But if the child's mother was also Iranian and not the father, they would not be considered of Iranian citizenship. For example, an Iranian woman who married an Afghan man and had children. Her children would not be considered Iranian and wouldn't have the right to live in Iran.
24: Some Unfair Laws...
25: In Iranian law, a woman's life is worth half that of a man's. For example, if a brother and sister were involved in a fire that caused them to break their arms because of a fall, the brother’s compensation would be double that then his sister's. If dead, the families' compensation for the son would be higher than his sister’s.
26: Some Unfair Laws...
27: Husbands can kill their wives if they suspect that their wife is in another relationship. They will get away with murder.
28: Some Unfair Laws...
29: Information from "Change for Equality." . Web. 26 Nov. 2011.
30: Juvenile Offenders in Iran | Boys can be submitted into execution when they have reached the age of 15. Girls, on the other hand can be sentenced when they reach the age of 9. When you think about it, girls have less human rights, but more punishments for their accused actions.
32: One Million Signatures Campaign | A group of Iranian women's rights advocates have launched a campaign to end legal laws discriminating females by gathering a million signatures. The women collecting the signatures in Iran have had arrests and attacks.
34: Unjustified Laws: Saudi Arabia
36: Some Unjustified Laws:
37: Forbidden from Driving: Women in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia aren't allowed to drive; let alone ride a bike. They can't be driven by men they are not strongly related to. A problem for the government is configuring how to get ~367,000 girls to school driven by male bus drivers. The Ministry of Education is recruiting trustworthy men to fulfill this position as bus drivers.
38: Some Unjustified Laws:
39: Clothing Requirements: In Saudi Arabia, it is considered that the only parts of a women that are allowed to be uncovered are the eyes and the hands. Women must wear a hijab which covers her head, and an abaya which is a long and black cloak which covers the entire body. It is meant to be dull and not an interest to men. The hijab is illegal in places such as France and Quebec in public places since it can be seen as a symbol of oppression to many.
40: Some Unjustified Laws:
41: Travel: Women must receive written permission from their most immediate male relative to leave the country and even travel throughout different parts of the kingdom.
42: Types of Punishments for Women
45: Many nations such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, and so fourth will kill women convicted of adultery, deceiving oneself as “liking” the same gender, etc. They are normally killed by stoning. Men are also stoned, but some women who were victims rather than suspects would still be stoned in a sense that they had committed a crime.
47: Stoning is a punishment where an organized group will throw stones towards the person condemned to execution. A woman will be put into a hole reaching towards her chest, yet a man would be buried down towards his waist. If the condemned manage to wiggle out of the hole during stoning, they are free. Obviously, the woman is at a disadvantage here.
50: Saudi Woman Lashing Sentence Overturned
52: Shaima Jastaina
53: Shaima Jastaina, the woman who was sentenced to 10 lashing in July of 2011, has been overturned by Saudi Arabia's king. A day after Saudi Arabia's king declared he would protect women's rights and participate in elections starting 2015, Shaima drove without permission in Jeddah and was soon sentenced to 10 lashes. Women have begun to drive for a campaign that defies Saudi Arabia's ban on women driving.
54: Shaima Jastaina
55: The ban on driving in not necessarily a written law, but an integrated religious and traditional standpoint. Giving the freedom of movement to women would make them more vulnerable to sins in a religious perspective to many.
56: The Stoning of Soraya M.
58: Stoning of Soraya M. | * A film made based on a true story. *Soraya's husband wanted a divorce. * She offered to watch over a widowed man. *Mayor, husband, and widow lied that Soraya was committing adultery,
59: * When court hearing comes, no women are allowed, only men. *Soraya accused guilty. *Stoned to death. *A day later, a French journalist visits the Iranian village stoning occurred. Soraya's aunt secretly tells him her story of Soraya, she saying " Here in this village, women have no voice. Take my voice with you," to the journalist.
60: Stoning of Soraya M.