FC: Exploring Globalization | Globalization Scrapbook Hyacinth Wourms October 1, 2012 Social Studies 10, Mr. Monaghan
1: Table of Contents | 0. Front Cover 1. Table of Contents 2. My background and interest in globalization paragraph 3. Chapter 1: Globalization, Identity, and Culture 4. a) An individual or group trying to protect their language 5. b) An individual or group trying to protect their culture 6. c) Images that show alternative view points on the same thing 7. g) A benefit of European settlement in another culture 8. m) How western music can affect other cultures 9. w) How globalization affects your life in a positive way 10. v) How globalization affects your life in a negative way 11. d) How one culture is being shaped by another 12. l) How modern communication technology affects other cultures 13. h) A disadvantage of European settlement in other cultures 14 + 15. Chapter 2: History of Globalization 16. e) How European settlement affected aboriginal culture in Canada 17. f) How European settlement affected aboriginal culture in Australia 18. n) An effect of the Indian Act 19. x) Original link to globalization: the first multi-national organization 20. Chapter 3: Environmental Impacts of Globalization 21. s) A product that harms the environment 22. y) Original link to globalization: Shipping boat pollution 23. y) Original link to globalization: One Plastic Beach 24. z) Original link to globalization: The Kyoto Protocol | 25. Chapter 4: Government, individuals, businesses, and globalization 26. k) The dominance of American culture around the world 27. i) A harmful effect of modern globalization (SHIPPING BOATS) 28. u) The influence of a multinational corporation 29. j) A benefit of modern globalization 30. t) A product made by a multinational corporation 31. x) Original link to globalization: the first multi-national corporation 32. q) A product that is transported across the world to be sold 33. r) A product that meets a want rather than a need 34. p) The influence of a multinational corporation 35. My critique of a multinational corporation 36. Bibliography
2: How does globalization affect me? | My interest in globalization, generally, has been mixed. What I do like about globalization is the bonds that countries can form through trade, and I like seeing different companies and products from around the world, and sometimes other countries experiencing things from Canada. What I don't like about globalization is the fact that it sometimes can take away from the cultural uniqueness of a country. For example, popular vacation spots like Paris and Hawaii have somewhat lost their culture because of companies like McDonalds, which is now found all over the world and can be accessed instead of other, local restaurants.
3: Globalization, Identity, and Culture | Chapter 1
4: This is an image of a school teacher in a First Nations school teaching students the Nakoda language. In 1996, around 67.8% First Nations people spoke English as their first language. The image represents the how the First Nations, and more specifically the Nakoda, are protecting their tounge from the very globalized English and French, which were brought over by the British and French in the 1500's to 1700's. | a. An individual or group trying to protect their language
5: b. An individual or group trying to protect their culture | A Lego representation of "Tank Man" or "Unknown Rebel." On June 5th, 1989, near Tiananmen in Beijing, the man stood in front of the tanks as they approached. As the tanks tried to move past, he continued to step in their path. After talking to the men in the tanks, and continuing to block their path, two people took him away into a near by crowd. The Tiananmen Square protests started from a march of memory of the death of Hu Yaobang, the party leader of the Peoples Republic of China. It soon turned into a protest of millions, fueled by anger and demand for democracy. This picture can relate to globalization in two ways - one, on how it was represented in Legos, a company originating in Denmark, photographed and setup by a man from the United Kingdom. Even though the photo is not of one country protecting their culture from another country, but from itself, it still had a great impact on the world, and is thought to be one of the most influential photos of the 20th century.
6: c. Images that show alternative viewpoints on the same thing | Video http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x8gqsh_the-guardian-points-of-view-1986_news | This video from 1986, at first, may seem simple, but can be related to a much larger topic. The news is thought to be the whole picture in this situation - not showing one viewpoint or another, but taking a step back and looking at the facts of the event. But how has globalization changed the way the news, and viewpoints are represented? News doesn’t only come from one country, it comes from around the world. The news, though, can be biased depending on where it came from, and who is delivering it. As globalization continues to happen throughout the world, does it create more or less bias? When the US, Canada, and Mexico agreed to trade without a tariff, how did the news respond in each country?
7: A benefit that the British brought to Australia was modern technology - the wheel, farms, buildings, roads, and even sewage systems. It was, in comparison, a fairly primitive place compared to other parts of the world at the time. When the technology of the world started to progress, so did Australia. In 1930, Frank Thring Sr invented the clapperboard while working in Melbourne. If it weren't for the British settlement in Australia, movies from around the world could still be still figuring out how to sync up audio and visual. | g. A benefit of European settlement in another culture
8: m. How western music can affect other cultures | In Malaysia, Lady Gaga's song Born This Way , has been heavily criticised by the government. The lyrics "No matter gay, straight or bi, lesbian, transgendered life, I'm on the right track, baby" were considered offensive and were almost immediately edited out of the song when played on radio stations. How has this western song affected Malaysia? Does the censorship negatively affect the people and their view on the government, or positively affect the people to listen to the song themselves and take pride in themselves and the lyrics? What about both?
9: Without globalization, I would have probably never been united with my laptop, which was created by Acer, a company based in Taiwan. Computers today allow people to accomplish things in a completely different way than the past. Students are now creating schoolwork in an entirely more efficient way, and it allows me to create things which would have been unimaginable without a laptop. | w. How globalization affects your life in a positive way
10: v. How globalization affects your life in a negative way | Globalization affects my life in a negative way because it is starting to take away the cultural identity of where I live. An example of this would be Tim Hortons - a once Canadian company, something that defined Canada, but is now a 'globalized' multinational corporation, with one of their new stores in New York. I want to keep the unique, personal stores of Canada to allow us to stay as a culture with our own identity, and not necessarily the companies of many other countries.
11: d. How one culture is being shaped by another | Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNwwtcZNhlY | This is a video about a man starting an American football team in China. The Chinese athletic culture is being shaped by American athletics. Many of the players on the team are enthusiastic about the sport, even more so than other sports which the Chinese often play.
12: Skype is an internet-based chat, call, and video calling program. Originally created by a Swedish and Danish man, and bought by Microsoft in 2011, it allows people from all around the world to talk to each other. Before Skype, the most popular way of communication to family or friends across the globe was talking on the phone, which could be expensive. But, through globalization, Skype is now one of the largest ways to communicate to people around the world. | l. How modern communication technology affects other cultures | Video http://vimeo.com/9757909
13: h. A disadvantage of European settlement in another culture | One of the disadvantages of European settlement were the famines that came to India. It is disputed on what caused the famines, but some debate that it was because of British interference. The exports from India such as opium, rice, and wheat were vital to the British economy, as they generated foreign currency. The mass amount of food that could have been used for the people of India as substance was not used for the purpose, and as a result famine came upon India.
15: History of Globalization | Chapter 2
16: The reigning monarchs of Canada from 1871 to 1921 took it upon themselves to create treaties and agreements with the First Nations people. One of the major ways they affected aboriginal culture was the taking of First Nations land. This is a chart of the numerous treaties and the land which they took. This can be compared to more modern forms of globalization.The First Nations did not originally understand about their contracts to the land, and what they were being agreeing to, which included a smaller parcel of land as a reserve, annual annuity payments, implements to either farm or hunt and fish and the right to continue to hunt and trap or hunt, trap and fish on the tract surrendered, in return for their land. | e. How European settlement affected aboriginal culture in Canada
17: f. How European settlement affected aboriginal culture in Australia | When the British came over to Australia, they brought modern conveniences such as farming and even the wheel. The knowledge they brought over was a major factor in the advancement of Australia today. This photograph is of three Australian aboriginals in front of a car in 1930. When the British arrived, the indigenous population were forced to assimilate. Epidemics from diseases such as smallpox wiped out large majorities of the population, and by 1920, the aboriginal population was between 50 000 - 90 000. The impact of the diseases slowly forced the population to depend on the modern lifestyle of the Europeans. They would receive necessities such as food and shelter in return for their labor.
18: n. An effect of the Indian Act | One of the effects of the act would be economic: undeveloped and under-developed housing and way of life, Unemployment rates hit a high of 25 percent, which is arguably understandable because of the prohibition from the act which states that the First Nations are not allowed to take loans from their land. The cartoon below depicts a small family underneath a shelter made of the Indian Act. The slogan is recognizable as a parody of many clichéd adverts, and is poking fun of the Indian Act, stating that the economic effects of the act were not well received on the First Nations end.
19: The picture to the left is of the shipyard of the Dutch East Indian Company (VOC; Verenigde Oost-indische Compagnie), considered to be the first multi-national corporation in the world. It acted on the behalf of European countries in Asia in the 1700s and 1800s. The company wanted to develop trade links for popular cargo such as pepper, but then grew into a much larger corporation. The goods would travel long distances, to and from Indonesia, China, Japan, and back to Europe. Ships would hold 500 - 1000 tons of cargo, which was stored in warehouses in Indonesia and Sri Lanka. | x. Original link to globalization: the first multi-national organization
20: Environmental Impacts of Globalization | Chapter 3
21: s. A product that harms the environment | A French advert for the popular insecticide, Raid. Raid is an insecticide, designed to kill insects wherever the product is sprayed. Most people use it to protect their plants, as shown in the advertisement, but, in reality, is has many other side effects. Insecticides often end up being transferred and dispersing throughout the air, water, and ground. The chemicals in the product result in negative effects on the environment such as loss of biodiversity, polluted drinking water, and poisoning of the food chain through the process of biomagnification.
22: The shipping vessel is an essential part of globalization. It's how many countries trade and buy merchandise from each other. Pictured above is Wal-Mart's ship to transport goods from China to the US. Merchandise is not the only thing that comes with the ships, though, as pollution is slowly rising from the boats. An environmental study by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported that "Particulate matter emissions from oceangoing ship engines were estimated to contribute to the premature deaths of tens of thousands of people globally." An irony to be realized, though, is that these vessels - one of the main ideas behind globalization - can be carrying such products that promote environmentally friendly life styles, while being transported in such an environmentally damaging vehicle. | y. Original link to globalization: Shipping boat pollution
23: z. Original link to globalization: One Plastic Beach | This website highlights the artistic career of a couple which began collecting plastic on the beach. The plastic comes from all over the world - toys, food containers, shoes, and everything in between, and sails from the North Pacific Gyre - an area in the the ocean where the currents have brought together thousands of pieces of plastic. | Link to The Arts http://beachplastic.com/Chromas
25: Government, individuals, businesses, and globalization | Chapter 4
26: This is a photo of a South African child holding a Coca-Cola bottle. The image comes from the movie, The Gods Must Be Crazy, which is a film about a bushman native who discovers a glass Coca-Cola bottle thrown out of the plane, and ventures off into civilization to throw the bottle off the edge of the world. The dominance of the classic coke bottle - an American symbol - is so great that a movie was based on it. | k. The dominance of American culture around the world
27: i. A harmful effect of modern globalization | A harmful effect of modern globalization would be the out sourcing of jobs to other countries, such as India, and the loss of jobs in places such as America and Canada. Canada has lost 34 000 jobs in July. The political cartoon depicts a corporation which is poking fun of people leaving America, calling them un-American, when they are outsourcing things like jobs and factories to China.
28: u. The influence of a multinational corporation | Video http://vimeo.com/43112002 | This is a McDonalds commercial, of a man asking people from all around the world where the nearest McDonalds is. McDonalds, one of the largest multinational corporations, has become so known around the world that it is practically a universal language.
29: A benefit of modern globalization would be the positive affects that it has had on children in third world countries. World Vision is a Christian company that donates money and gifts to families and children in Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America, through sponsors in the US and Canada. Their vision statement is "Our vision for every child, life in all its fullness; Our prayer for every heart, the will to make it so." The picture is a drawing from World Vision of a child holding a chicken, which people can donate during the Christmas season. | j. A beneficial effect of modern globalization
30: t. A product made by a multinational | A product made by a multinational company would be Jones Soda, in glass bottles. Jones Soda sells drinks such as Jones Zilch, which is their zero calorie version of their classic pure cane soda. They also sell energy drinks, along with merchandise such as t-shirts, and lastly, candy. I chose this product because I have a small collection of their bottles and like their company.
31: A product made in another country but sold in Canada would be Canon cameras. They are manufactured in China and Japan, and travel all across the world, including Canada. The process of making a Canon camera is almost entirely automated. | o. A product that is made in another country but sold in Canada
32: q. a product that is transported across the world to be sold | A product that is transported across the world to be sold would be Barbie dolls. They are manufactured in Indonesia and China, and shipped all around the world. Barbie dolls are a huge symbol of toys around the world, and often debated to be a bad role model for young girls.
33: r. A product that meets a want rather than a need | A product that meets a want rather than a need would be Apple products, or more specifically, the iPod. Apple is a huge multinational corporation, and the iPod is distributed all around the world and one of Apples largest products. But, it meets the want of entertainment, rather than the need for food, like the picture is representing.
34: The ski-doo is a snowmobile that is manufactured in Canada, but sold in over 80 countries. A snowmobile is a vehicle used to travel on snow, with or without a defined path. It is also manufactured in the US, Finland, and Australia. | p. A product that is made in Canada but sold in another country
35: Google is my favourite multinational corporation because of the great work they do today, and the great plans which they have for the future. Google allows people, and more specifically, students, to research information like never before. Following their powerful search engine also comes services such as email and online documents. Google is also working on products such as phones and software to further advance technology. I <3 you, Google | Dedication to my favorite multinational corporation
36: "1989: Massacre in Tiananmen Square." BBC. British Broadcasting Company, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2012.