1: ELEMENTS OF HIP-HOP BY NATHAN LEUTHOLTZ
3: Hip-Hop music has somewhat of a relation to the griots of west Africa, that is traveling singers and poets whose musical style is similar of Hip-Hop. Some of the "griot" traditions came to the new world. The most critical direct influence on the creation of Hip-Hop is the Jamaican style of "Toasting". Toasting is the act of talking or chanting over a rythm or beat. This was the first development in Jamaica in the 1960's. Toasting advanced at dances in Jamaica occasionally known as "Blues dances".
4: They were normally placed in large halls or out in the open within the slum yards. Blues dances were the often feature of the "ghetto life" in Jamaica. At these dances black American R&B records were often played. Jamaicans were most popularized to these records by black American sailors placed on the island and by American radio stations in and throughout Miami which played R&B records. MC's from sound systems engaged the technique to further elevate there "dub" plates. As time escalated the MC;s became more
5: formative in there chants, eventually overclouding the tunes they were originally suppose to enhance. This brought the earliest of what is now recognized at a dance hall in Jamaica and Hip-Hop in the United States.
6: JAZZY JEFF
7: In the 1970's and 1980's, the meaning MC (short for master of ceremonies) was universally associated with what is mostly called rapping in Hip-Hop music. MC has also sometimes been reported to stand for microphone controller, but this shows to be a backronym. This confusion over the letters amplification may however be attestation to the universalness of the acronym. The full master is ceremonies id very rare to be used throughout the whole rap scene. Rap is definitely one of the elements of Hip-Hop.
8: Today it is a form of rhyming over musical instruments with a music type of backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJ's. Normally raping was called MCing and was seen as backing the DJ. In the mid 1980's rap became politicized, through the works of "Public Enemy" and others, and attended to chronicle the black urban experience. Gangster rap may be seen in this context of subversion, but can even be shown by some as the abandonment of a constructive message.
9: DJ SAMMY
10: Between all eight different techniques of being a disk jockey, more formally known as a DJ. Each style has its own sound and vibe manipulating other peoples work. Audio mixing was originally based on sound recording, with audio editing and sound systems to control the corresponding signal levels as among the number of signal sources, mostly the different instruments in a whole band. Slip-cueing, the technique well known by Fracis Grosso which consists of holding a record still with his thumb anf forefinger while the protective
11: slipmat and the steel platter of the turn table. There is a fair amount of style that a DJ has such as: needle drops, beat matching, scratching and beat juggling. All of these are mostly trick and sounds.
13: This type of art goes way back during World War II when some random individual wrote "Kilray was here" in a startling amount of places within the country and abroad. During the fifties a fare amount of street gangs used graffiti to kind of promote, marking there own territorial boundaries to give some kind of intimidation. In 1969 something of behavior, secret gathering places, slang, and esthetic stands for hundreds of NYC youths. Not one person knows who started graffiti during this time but we know who made th foundation
14: of it becoming famous. It was TAKI 183. The ancestor of tagging, began in NYC in the 70's by VIC, a mail courier who took the subways and buses to deliver his packages. This person set a goal for himself to visit every subway and bus in NY. This person began to write there name (VIC ) and there own courier ID number (156) on every subway and bus they rode on.
16: With a fresh/good amount of technique break dancing shows some kind of inner meaning of talent and style. Most congregations would use Hip-Hop to perform this style of dancing. With a map of moves people would start with the basic moves just to get them started. The top rock was considered the most simple move in all break dancing. Now the up-rock was considerd the same just with another individual. B-step was realy nothing special your just walking around in circles. There was a handful
17: basic most common moves, once a break dancer has all the basic moves down they go straight the the "power moves". These intense moves used were the windmill, it portrays of spinning from the upper back to the chest while twirling there legs around. The head spin consist of spinning on your head, if need of picking up some speed to go a little extra faster they used there hands. There were more moves used but these were the mostly shown moves on the dance floor.