S: Holocaust Memorial Project
BC: College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences Music Department Europe Tour Summer 2011 The Holocaust in Art and Music
FC: Holocaust Memorialization Project | Ashley McDonald
1: This project is for the completion of the Georgia Southern University Music Department Summer Studies Abroad Program 2011. This scrapbook is to commemorate the people who lost families, friends, and even their own life through the Holocaust. -Ashley McDonald | "The Nazis victimized some people for what they did, some for what they refused to do, some for what they were, and some for the fact that they were." - John Conway | "Our many Jewish friends and acquaintances are being taken away in droves. The Gestapo is treating them very roughly and transporting them in cattle cars to Westerbork, the big camp in Drenthe to which they're sending all the Jews....If it's that bad in Holland, what must it be like in those faraway and uncivilized places where the Germans are sending them? We assume that most of them are being murdered. The English radio says they're being gassed." - Anne Frank
2: "The next day we were given shovels and picks...things we had never held in our hands before." "So the Germans swinged them by their legs against the wall...and they nevermore screamed." -Vladek Spiegelman
3: "And now I was lonelier, I supposed, than anyone else in the world. Even Defoe's creation, Robinson Crusoe, the prototype of the ideal solitary, could hope to meet another human being. Crusoe cheered himself by thinking that such a thing could happen any day, and it kept him going. But if any of the people now around me came near I would need to run for it and hide in mortal terror. I had to be alone, entirely alone, if I wanted to live." — Wladysaw Szpilman
4: "These were teenagers who had to live by their wits. Many had come from a restricted environment. Their spirits had been assaulted - if not crushed in the separation from their families and communities-by the depravity of the Nazi system. | Even the mature in Auschwitz did things they never would have done in ordinary society - to save themselves from those whom they embraced as comrades and friends..... Alma was sophisticated, she had seen the world at its best, and its worst. We girls had not had similar opportunities as our youth wasted away." -Anita Lasker-Wallfisch
5: "And I am so proud of them and so grateful to them for showing me what is truly important, for showing me that you must love the people and things that are important to you and that you must sometimes risk everything for that love." -Martin Goldsmith | Stop Trembling. Prepare to live. -Mahler | "More than a thousand people, men and women who had come to know danger and pain and hurt and humiliation on an almost daily basis for more than eight years, heard from a valiant ensemble of artists who had struggled along with them a vibrant musical account of their difficulties and then the infinitely hopeful message that they had not lived and suffered in vain and that from their depths they would rise again.." -Martin Goldsmith
6: The Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial, also known as the Nameless Library, is a memorial to the 65,000 murdered Austrian Jews of the Shoah. It stands in Judenplatz in the first district of Vienna. It is the central memorial for the Austrian victims of the Holocaust. It was designed by the British Artist Rachel Whiteread.
8: The subject of the Holocaust Memorial Center’s permanent exhibition is the history of Holocaust in Hungary. Its aim is to recount and present the suffering, persecution and massacre of those Hungarian nationals – mainly Jews and the Roma – who were condemned to annihilation in the name of the racial ideology. | Holocaust Museum and Memorial Center Budapest, Hungary
9: The wall to the right commemorates the 600,000 Hungarian Jews killed during the Holocaust. Currently there are only 100,000 of those names on the wall. The pillar to the left is one of six in the courtyard. The six pillars stand for the 600,000 Hungarian Jews and the six Million Jews who lost their lives during the Holocaust.
10: The eclectic styled Synagogue was designed by Lipót Baumhorn in 1923. The synagogue functioned until 1944. In 1945 it served as an internment camp. | In 1999, the Alliance of the Jewish Communities of Hungary donated the property The renovation of the historic building began in 2003. A picture from the 1930s served as a guide to the reconstruction.
11: Carl Ivan Danielsson - Swedish Ambassador Budapest 1944-45. | Herczegh Gezane Survivor - Lives in Budapest
12: Szekesfehervar | Before 1944 | After 1945
13: Balassagyarmat | Before 1944 | After 1945
14: The Dohany Synagogue, or the Great Synagogue is located in Erzsebetvaros, the 7th district of Budapest. It is the largest Temple in Europe and second largest in the world. It seats 3,000 people. It was built between 1854 and 1859. | THE DOHANY SYNAGOGUE
15: The original synagogue was bombed by the Pro-Nazi Arrow Cross Party on February 3, 1939. It was used as a German Radio Station during the war. | During the Communist era the damaged structure became again a prayer house for the Jews. Its restoration began in 1991 and ended in 1998.
16: The Jewish Cemetery
18: After the reign of terror by the Arrow Cross and the starvation following the siege , 2281 of the victims were buried in twenty four mass graves in the garden. | The ghetto was liberated on January 18, 1945 by the Soviet Red Army; Photograph by Sandor Ek of the identification and burial of corpses found in the garden.
19: Memorial to Raoul Wallenberg and the other Righteous Among the Nations | They saved tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews during WWII
21: Shaped like a weeping willow tree with eight branches, each of the leaves on the tree bears the name of one of the 600,000 Hungarian Jews who perished. The number eight is symbolic, as that is the same number of candles on a menorah. But this one is upside down, a rebuke to those devastating, hopeless years.
22: Terezin The Model Ghetto
23: The Jewish and Christian Memorials at the Terezin cemetery are a remembrance to the Jews who died at the World War II German prison camp in Czechoslovakia. The graves are marked with rose bushes.
25: Work Makes You Free
31: Right Page: Top Left: Shower Room Middle: Clothes Steamer Bottom: Bathroom Sinks Left Page: Left: Isolation room with window Right: Isolation room without window
35: Two Memorials at Terezin
36: Terezin Also called Theresiendalt is the name of a former military fortress and adjacent walled garrison town in the Usti nad Labern Region of the Czech Republic. During WWII, the Gestapo used Terezín as a ghetto, concentrating Jews from Czechoslovakia, as well as many from Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, and Denmark. More than 150,000 Jews were sent there, and although it was not an extermination camp about 33,000 died in the ghetto itself,mostly because of the conditions arising out of extreme population density. About 88,000 inhabitants were deported to Auschwitz and other extermination camps. At the end of the war there were 17,247 survivors.
37: May We Never Forget