S: Hot Air Balloons
BC: The End . . . | Created By: Kayla Guerrero Per. 3
FC: The History of Hot Air Balloons | Created By Kayla Guerrero
2: One of the First Hot Air Balloons
3: The first hot air balloon was made by Pilatre De Rozier on September 19th, 1783. It was called the Aerostat Reveillion. To be safe, they tested flying the balloon with a sheep, a duck and a rooster. Successfully, it stayed in the air for 15 minutes before it crashed. Later, they tested a different balloon with humans on board on November 21st of the same year. This one was made by two brothers named Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier. It was launched in the middle of Paris.The balloon stayed in the air for 20 minutes! | The First Hot Air Balloons
4: An early hot air balloon factory and a diagram of on old balloon
5: The first balloon ever to fly in North America was made by Jean Pierre Blanchard on January 7th, 1793. The first president of the United States, George Washington, was there to witness it.
7: About 100 years later, in August 1932, Auguste Piccard, a Swiss scientist, was the first man to reach 52,498 feet high all the way into the stratosphere setting a new altitude record. After this event, the records were changing every few months.
8: A Helium Filled Balloon
9: In 1978, a hot air balloon crossed the Atlantic Ocean called the Double Eagle II. Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman were the three people who were aboard. This balloon was helium filled and it flew for a record breaking time of 137 hours. | The Atlantic Challenge
10: Three years after the Atlantic Challenge, the Double Eagle V successfully crossed the Pacific Ocean in 1981 from Japan. The same four pilots set a new distance record of 5,678 miles. The first people to cross the Atlantic in a hot air balloon (not a helium or gas filled one) was Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand in 1987. They set a balloon record for 33 hours. Again, these two people were the first to cross the Pacific in a hot air balloon in 1991. They broke the time record at 47 hours and the distance record at 6,700 miles. | The Pacific and Atlantic Challenges
13: Around the World in a Hot Air Balloon | Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones were the very first people to go all the way around the world in a hot air balloon in 1999. They started in Switzerland and landed in Africa. They Obviously broke all the distance records. They were flying for 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes.
14: A Basket | Burners
15: Equipment | An Envelope | Propane Tank
16: http://www.eballoon.org/history/history-of-ballooning.html | Bibliography