FC: Immigration | Moriah Kennedy | American History 10-13-11
1: (top left) Many Germans came to America in the 1700's because they wanted an easier life. | (left) German immigrant brochure giving immigrants tips on living in America. | (above) Advertisement for potential immigrants. | The Germans
2: The German Immigrants | Many Germans came to America in the 1700's because they wanted an easier lifestyle than what they had in Germany. They also came because of the the continuing violence that Germany faced. German immigrants settled in many different areas of the US. Most lived in the country, a few lived in cities, some lived in Pennsylvania and as far west as California. Some German immigrants lived in big groups; because of this many Germans were able to contribute to American society by becoming bakers, butchers, cabinetmakers, and more. German women also contributed to society by becoming bakers, tailors, nurses, janitors and many other things as well. There were many different religions among German immigrants. There were Protestants, Catholics, Jews, and Lutherans. When Germans, who were Lutheran, came to the U.S. they found that the Lutheran church had been changed to fit in with the American style of churches. Their ideals were challenged because of how their religions were being americanized.
3: The Irish | (Top Left) Irish Immigrant came to America in 1845 because of the Potato Famine. | Irish Immigrants faced segregation when they went to find jobs, because of the way they spoke.
4: The Irish Immigrants | Many Irish immigrants came to the United States in 1845 because of the Great Famine, or Irish Potato Famine, as it was known of outside of Ireland. The famine was caused by the leaves of the potato plants turning black and then withering up. The famine continued for about five years. Irish Immigrants lived in Boston, New York City, Albany, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Chicago and farther west to Butte, Montana, and San Francisco. Irish immigrants lived in groups like the Germans did. Many Irish men found work building canals, laying railroad track or other gruesome work. Irish men later found work as policemen, firemen, drivers, and many other things. Most Irish were Catholic. They settled in communities where Irish people had already built churches and did the same kinds of things as when they were in Ireland. The Irish also had a strong need for expression, either through writing newspapers or through drama and acting. They also have St. Patric's Day which helped hold their culture together.
5: The Italians | (right) A brochure for European immigrants. | (above) Italian immigrants came to America from 1876 to 1976, because they needed work.
6: The Italian Immigrants | Many Italian immigrants came to the U.S. from 1876 to 1976 because of their need for work. Italian children often missed out on a good education because they wanted to help out their families. They worked at what ever jobs they could find in Italy. The jobs they found were often jobs that were very dangerous. Italian immigrants lived in many different parts of the US, though most settled in cities like New York. Others lived in California, New Orleans, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania. Italians also lived in groups, like many other immigrants. Many Italians found work as shoe shiners or sewage cleaners when they first came to America. As years passed though, they worked as fishermen, shoemakers, waiters, and tradesmen. Italians workers were very persistent, and worked hard until the job was done. Italians settled among the lowest class of immigrants. The living conditions were horrible, every thing was dirty and workers became weak from skipping meals to save money.
7: The Japanese | (top left) Many Japanese came to the United States in the 1870's and 1880's because of the lack of jobs in Japan. | (bottom right) Many Japanese who had migrated to the US before the bombing at pearl harbor, were not liked by Americans after it happened.
8: The Japanese Immigrants | Japanese immigrants, mainly single men, came to the United States in the 1870's and 1880's because of the lack of jobs in Japan. They also came because of how bad the economy was getting in Japan. The Japanese immigrants settled mostly in Hawaii, though many moved to the main states a few years later, and some lived in California. Japanese immigrants worked as laborers, then bought land and worked as farmers, although they had to pay more for the land. After working as farmers and laborers many began to open businesses. Americans began to enforce laws making it impossible for the Japanese to start businesses for themselves. Americans did this because of how well other Japaneses businessmen were already doing. When the attack on Pearl Harbor happened on December 9, 1941, many of the Japanese-Americans who lived in the main states were thought of as enemies. Many of them were taken into custody, because of this many of the businessmen and their businesses were ruined.
9: The English | (below and top right) The English came to America in 1630 because they wanted the freedom to practice their religions in their own way. | (bottom right) The English came over on a ship called the Mayflower
10: The English Immigrants | The English came to America in 1630 because they wanted the freedom to practice their religions in their own way. They first settled in Boston, Massachusetts. as years went by, other English immigrants settled in Connecticut, Rhode Island, Maryland and Pennsylvania. Many English immigrants who first came to America were farmers and laborers. As other English came they brought with them many other skills like the use of cotton mills, furnaces, steel and textiles. One immigrant from Wales, Samuel Milton Jones, established the eight hour workday, and many of the benefits we enjoy today like paid vacation time and free playgrounds and public parks. There were all types of religions among the English, there were Puritans, Roman Catholics, Jews and Quakers. William Penn, a Quaker, established Pennsylvania as a " holy experiment" where people of any ethnic group or religious belief could come and worship together in peace.
11: The Russians | (top and bottom left) Russian immigrants came to Alaska in 1747 because of fur trade. | (above) Ad wanting Russian Jews to buy more tickets
12: The Russian Immigrants | Russian immigrants came to Alaska In 1747 because of fur trade. Many Russian immigrants went back to Russia after Alaska became part of the United States. During the 1900's Russian immigrants, mainly Jewish, began to come to the United States again because of the "pogroms" or the organized massacre of the Jews in Russia. Russian immigrants settled in Pennsylvania and the Lower East Side of New York. Many Russian immigrants worked low paying jobs in factories and mines, but later Russians helped with the development of science and industry. One of the things Russians helped to develop was the television. The Russian Orthodox Church was the religion of most Russian immigrants but some Russians were also Jewish. On November 7, 1919, A. Mitchell Palmer, Woodrow Wilson's attorney general, arrested some 10,000 suspected Russians communists and anarchists. He arrested them because he thought they would try to over run the American government. Although they didn't find any evidence, they sent some 248 Russian immigrants back to Russia. The event was later known as the Palmer Raids.
13: Many people were given the chance to start over and make a better life for themselves. Cities began to thrive and grow because of how many people were immigrating to America. Because of all of the different ethnic groups that migrated to the U.S. the U.S. become cultural diverse. | Many were so poor they often had to work long hours at dangerous jobs to earn enough money to make their lives better. Cities often became crowded from the # of people coming, making living situations hazardous. Many of the ethnic groups were looked down upon by Americans because of how they spoke, looked, and even lived. | PROS of immigration: | CONS of immigration: | VS
14: Immigration - Then and Now | Immigration to the United States and the processes that took place in the 1800's and before were very different then what immigrant go through today. Back then immigrants came by boat and had to go through processing at Ellis Island and Angel Island. The first part of processing was a physical. Immigrant who didn't pass because of illnesses or disorders were sent back to their country. The second part of processing was where immigrants were asked about their life in the country they came from, if they had any job skills, and asked about their family(aunts, uncles, that sort of thing). If they had criminal records or if they were unable to make a living for themselves, they would be sent back to their country. Today immigrants come to the U.S by plane, very few by boat, and some by driving. The places that they come from are different then in the 1800's as well.
15: Immigration - Then and Now | The processes to come into the United State are also different then in the 1800's and before. Immigrants today have to pass four different questionings/tests. They have to pass public health, Immigration, agriculture, and customs before they can enter the United States legally. To become a U.S. citizen immigrants have to go through a process called naturalization, where they have to meet certain requirements in order to become a legal U.S. citizen. Many Immigrants cause problems because they enter the United States illegally like when they get jobs, they take them away from immigrants who have come in legally.
16: Web Sites | http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Irish.html http://www1.assumption.edu/ahc/irish/overview.html http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/German.html http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Italian.html http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/Japanese.html http://library.thinkquest.org/20619/English.html http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAEengland.htm http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAErussia.htm http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/IREfamine.htm http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/begins.htm http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/famine/america.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/J0111932/comingtoamericatoday.html