FC: I.deas N.atural Geographic S.ocial P.olitical E.conomic C.ultural T.echnological/Scientific
1: ideas | About when President James Monroe was elected in 1816, it was called the Era of Good Feelings. There was a sense of national unity and even proud nationalism. President Monroe sad, "If we look into the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example or growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy." However, the Era of Good Feelings didn't last very long. Pretty soon regional differences arose, ending the feelings of harmony. Americans began to identify themselves by where they live. Sectionalism became more intense.
2: In the 1790s, the Appalachian Mountains acted as a physical boundary for settlers. | Most Americans lived east of the mountains and usually within a few hundred miles of the Atlantic Coast. | Natural Geographic
3: Western families would gather together for social events. Men would participate in sports like wrestling. Women would have quilting or sewing parties. | Men and women both went to gatherings called cornhuskings. Farm families gathered to | share the work of stripping corn husks. Ambitious American pioneers continued to spread west to make new lives for themselves.
4: Americans continued to move west in waves. The first wave started before the 1790s. Between 1791 and 1803 four new states were admitted to the U.S: Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio.then between 1816 and 1821 five new western states were created: Indiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, and Missouri. | Political
5: economic | During the colonial era, the industrial revolution was in full swing. There was a short supply of workers. Americans learned to make tools and inventions that make work easier and more efficient. Europeans Admired their methods. People were used to making everything for themselves. The changes this new system brought were so great that historians now call it the Industrial Revolution.
6: cultural | Hard work was valued very much among both men and women in the early 1800s. | "Every man can use an axe, a saw, and a hammer. Scarcely one who cannot do any job at rough carpentering, and mend a plough and wagon." -English journalist.
7: In present days, a woman would be considered a "super mom" if she possessed any skills far less impressive than these. Back then, however, it was commonly required of them. | "They take care of everything pertaining to the domestic economy, for example, making candles, boiling soap, preparing starch, canning berries, fruit and cucumbers, baking, and spinning, sewing, and milking the cows."
8: Technological/Scientific | The mid-1700s and early 1800s was called the Industrial Revolution. New inventions were all over the place. To name a few: the textile mill and with it came the spinning jenny, water frame, power loom, and water power.
9: In 1785 a steam engine supplied power for a cotton mill for the first time ever. | In 1793 Eli Whitney of Massachus-etts invented the cotton gin. It was a simple Machine that quickly removed the seeds from the cotton fiber. It was run by one man and did the work of fifty.
10: Way before any European settlers came to North America there were Indian tribes living there. One of the larger ones is called the Cherokee.Later, when the new Americans tried to settle on Cherokee lands, the Cherokee became a sovereign nation through treaties with the U.S. government. By the early 1800s they had a thriving economic community with schools, a newspaper, successful farming, an alphabet, and even a written constitution of their own. Then the settlers and miners began to trespass their land in search of riches. One thing lead to another and pretty soon an undeclared war was raging between the Cherokee and white Americans. | The Trail of Tears
11: White Americans wanted to relocate the Indians to west of the Mississippi, where they believed it was unfit for farming. President Andrew Jackson agreed, and so began the Trail of Tears.
12: Thinking Like A Historian | An effect that was intended by the Trail of Tears was to get the Indians out of the land that the settlers wanted. An effect that was probably not intended was to have so many Natives, 4,000, die in the process. The Cherokee tribe had not benefited from this time era. It was called the Trail of Tears because of the constant sorrow and grief of loved ones lost. The Trail of Tears Significantly transformed the Cherokees' lives by adding a huge sorrow to their tribal history. Most Cherokees' ancestors were on that agonizing trip. | People around this time had the view that the world was theirs for the taking. White Americans believed you didn't own anything unless you paid money for it. This is one reason they thought they could just make the Cherokees move from their homeland.
13: This time in the past is both similar and different to the present. It is similar because we have Indian Reservations on which the laws are different than the rest of that area and Indians can have separate communities. However, it is different than now because Native Americans aren't forced to live on these reservations and different races now realize that they don't have the right to tell any other group where to live. | Things change and stay the same throughout history. But more often than not, history repeats itself. We study this time era to learn from our ancestors mistakes and try to stop the cycle of negative events.