FC: INSPECT by Katie Anderson
1: Table of Contents: p.2 Ideas p.3 Natural/Geographic p.4 Natural/Geographic p.5 Natural/Geographic p.6 Natural/Geographic p.7 Social p.8 Social p.9 Political p.10 Political p.11 Economic p.12 Economic p.13 Cultural p.14 Cultural p.15 Technological/Scientific p.16 Technological/Scientific p.17 Conclusion p.18 Conclusion p.19 Conclusion p.20 Work Cited
2: IDEAS Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. The federal government was then able to pay Native Americans to move west. Westward expansion was huge in the 1800s. Settlers poured in west of the Appalachians to settle. As the line of settlement continued west families moved with it.
3: Natural/Geographic The first census, population count, in the U.S. was taken in 1790. There were nearly 4 million people living west of the Appalachian Mountains and within a few 100 miles of the Atlantic Coast.
4: Natural/Geographic River Travel was a more comfortable way of travel, and it also was easier to carry luggage and goods than on land. However, most rivers flowed north-south and not east-west like the majority of trade. Natural waterways limited routes for travel. Canals, artificial waterways that connected large cities, helped solve that problem.
5: Natural/Geograhpic The Oregon Country was a large area north of California between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains . It was what are now parts of 5 different states. In the early 1800s 4 nations, including the U.S. which eventually got the area, laid claim to the land.
6: Natural/Geographic The South Pass was found by Robert Stuart and Jedediah Smith. It was a vast break through the Rocky Mountains. The South Pass later became the usual route that Oregon settlers took.
7: Social Mountain Men were the first to reach the Oregon Country. "To explore unknown regions...was the mountain men's chief delight," said a clerk in a fur trade company. The mountain men were fur traders, who spent most of their time in the Rockies.
8: Social There were many gatherings of families. Men took part in wrestling and other sports. Women had sewing and quilting parties. Different families got together to share the work of husking corn.
9: Political After the War of 1812, political differences seemed to fade away. This period was called the Era of Good Feelings, although it didn't last long. Many people felt strong regional loyalty towards where they lived. This loyalty played a part in the disputes about slavery between the North and the South.
10: Political Jackson and Adams ran against each other in 1824 and again in 1828. The Democratic Republicans supported Jackson. They favored states' rights and didn't trust a strong central government. National Republicans were all for a strong central government, and supported federal measures.
11: Economic Corporations rapidly began to develop in the 1830s, which made it easier to sell stock. The Second Bank of the U.S. had the power to make large loans to businesses.
12: Economic Turnpikes, also called toll roads, had fees that helped pay for road construction. President Van Buren believed in the principle of laissaz-faire; belief that the government should interfere with the nation's economy as little as possible.
13: Cultural In 1830, Joseph Smith founded the Mormon Church in New York. He had visions to make a new Christian Church, and to set up an ideal society. New York neighbors forced them to move away. The Mormons made the largest single migration ever. They set up communities in the desert.
14: Cultural The Cherokee Nation refused to abide by the Indian Removal Act. They wanted to keep their land. However, in 1835 a few people were persuaded by the government to sign a treaty for the land. The many who did not sign pleaded to keep their land. Nothing helped. They were forced to leave. The Cherokees' journey is referred to as the Trail of Tears, for they cried on their long trek from their homeland.
15: Technological/Scientific The cotton gin, a machine that quickly and efficiently removed seeds from cotton fiber, was created in 1793 by Eli Whitney. In 1790 congress passed a patent law. A patent gives inventors legal rights to their inventions.
16: Technological/Scientific Around 1814 the factory system was launched. It was a system bringing steps of manufacturing together in one place. It greatly increased efficiency. Eli Whitney, maker of the cotton gin, started using interchangeable parts, or identical machine parts. These parts could easily be put together to make a complete product. The parts, because they were the same, took less labor.
17: Conclusion -Joseph Smith added a religion to our world. He made the big change from no Mormon Church, to having many Mormons in society. The Mormon Church is still around today. - Many things discussed in this book have remained the same. The United States still takes a census, for example. We also still have toll roads which help pay for road reconstruction.
18: Conclusion -The American settlers viewed their world as a land of opportunity. They were gaining land and continuing to establish themselves. | - The Indian Removal Act forever changed the lives of American Indians. They were forced to leave their homes. They didn't have any other choice.
19: Conclusion -Our relations with American Indians have only slightly improved. For those American Indians who choose to stay with their tribes, on their own land, there are still restrictions by our government. Their land/homes are chosen for them, in the form of reservations.
20: Work Cited Appleby, Joyce, Brinkley, Alan, Broussard, Alebert S., McPherson, James M., Ritchie, Donald A., and National Geographic Society. The American Republic to 1877. Glencoe: 2005.