S: Another I.N.S.P.E.C.T. History Novel
BC: I.N.S.P.E.C.T. History Inc. | I.N.S.P.E.C.T. History- Westward Expansion
FC: I.N.S.P.E.C.T. History- Expanding Westward By: Graham Prochazka
2: The Indian Removal Act | The Indian Removal Act was pass by Congress in 1830. The act allowed the government to pay the Natives to move off their land. The Cherokee, however, refused to move and sued the state government. Even though they won the case, a treaty forced the Cherokee to move off the land. | A painting of the Trail of Tears. The Trail of tears was a march of Cherokee off their land and a journey to the West.
3: Laissez-faire was an idea that the government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy. One of the presidents that believed in this idea was Martin Van Buren. President Buren was able to persuade Congress into the idea so the government would not store their money with private individuals. Now the government stores their money in a treasury system, so there would be a guard against bank crisis. | Laissez-faire
4: Natural and Geographical
5: The Oregon Trail | The Oregon Trail was an immigration of a massive amount of people heading to the West. The Oregon Trail was about a 2000-mile long journey across the Great Plains into the northwestern part of the United States, Oregon Country. | This is a map of the trail a lot of the emigrants traveled across to get to the Oregon Country.
6: The Erie Canal | The Erie Canal was a 363-mile canal from Lake Erie to the Hudson River, New York. Along the Erie Canal, there were a series of locks. A lock was section of water that was raised and lowered to bring the ships up or down when the level of the canal changed. The Erie Canal connected the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes for transportation by boat, which helped expansion in the Midwest.
8: Foreign Relations | Establishing good relations with countries is an important for a country to obtain. Sometimes, obtaining the relationships with the other countries may have a cost. Relationship cost with Britain took a few agreements and treaties. One of the treaties was the Rush-Bagot Treaty, which made the United States and Great Britain demilitarize the border of Canada. One of the agreements was the Convention of 1818, which created Canada's border along the 49th parallel and allowed the United State's immigrants to settle in the Oregon Country.
9: Factory System | The factory system combined many steps in creating a product more efficiently by accomplishing all the steps in one factory. A good example of the factory system was in 1814, in Francis Cabot Lowell's mill. The mill contained all the steps to create textiles in one factory. The factory system was another one of the important parts of the Industrial Revolution.
11: President Andrew Jackson | Andrew Jackson became the president of the United States in 1828. During Jackson's presidency, Jackson wanted “equal protection and equal benefits” for all American, which lead to some change in government regulations. After the election, the states lessened the limited suffrage, the requirements to vote, which expanded the amount of people voting in presidential elections. The president also practiced the spoils system, which allowed the president to give governmental jobs to the victor's supporters. Jackson had even more changes, negative and positive, while he was in the presidency.
12: Stephen F. Austin | Stephen F. Austin was considered to be the “Father of Texas”. Austin helped in populating the Mexican territory. Austin was the first person to organize the first land grant colony in Texas. Austin also played the role as a spokesperson to the Mexican government, sometimes even for settlers not part of his colony. After Texas gained its independence from Mexico, Austin ran for president and lost, but was assigned the secretary of state. Texas now honors Austin by naming its capital after him.
14: Bank of the United States | The Bank of the United States was a privately-owned bank that held most of the federal government's money and much of the country's money. President Andrew Jackson did everything he could to try to defeat the bank. Jackson's opponents tried to use the bank to prevent Jackson from taking office again, but they were unsuccessful. In 1836, President Jackson succeeded in defeating the bank and made it close.
15: Free Enterprise | Free enterprise is what the United STates has as an economy. A free enterprise is an economy where the people get to decide what they want to make, sell, and purchase. This allows competition to strive and has high amounts of success and profit. This economy also allows the businessman to choose what he or she wants to produce to make the most profit. The competition also creates the lowest prises for the best products.
17: The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain in the 1700's. The Revolution was a mass movement of people to a work life in a factory. People would leave their homes and farms to work in the factories. The factories would take a raw material and turn it into a product. The workers in the factory would work for a wage. | The Industrial Revolution
18: Annexation of Texas | The annexation of Texas was a split debate. The Southerners wanted to have Texas join the United States and many Texans also wanted to join. The Northerners disliked the idea of having Texas in the United States because the annexation would add another slave state. The issue of annexing Texas was debated for nine years and three months before coming to a decision. In December of 1845, Texas became part of the United States.
19: Technology and Scientific Discoveries
20: The Steam Boat | A steam boat was a motorized ship that made it easier to travel rivers. The ship was powered by steam. Steam was created when water in the boilers was heated by a fire. The steam would pressurize and cause pistons to start moving. The pistons would turn the paddle wheels of the steam boat, propelling it forward.
21: Interchangeable Parts | Interchangeable parts were machines that were quickly put together as a finished project. The identical parts of the machines made the machines easier to repair because there was another piece that was identical to the last piece to take its place. The identical parts also made the machine easier to manufacture because less skill was needed to make the pieces.
22: Think Like a Historian | Through history, we learn what we should do and what we should not do. During the westward expansion time, we are able to learn many thinks like how to treat people better. Before, people saw others who were quite different from themselves as outsiders. Many American Indian cultures like the Cherokee were treated differently by the Americans. This treatment leaded to a lot of conflict between the two people. The conflicts eventually lead to rash decisions like the Trail of Tears, where the Cherokee nation was forced to move westward. Decisions such as the Trail of Tears are not necessary. Now, the United States tries not to make such rash decisions and tries to be more understanding. History helps us learn what has gone wrong before and helps us fix it. History is an essential part of our world, because without it we are most likely going to repeat terrible mistakes.
23: Citations | National Geographic Geography & History. American Republic To 1877. Columbus, Ohio: McGraw Hill Company Inc., 2005. 'Steam Engine'.The Illustrated Science and Invention Encyclopedia. 1983 ed.