FC: Inspect | Westward Expansion
1: Table of Contents Inspecting through this era I.N.S.P.E.C.T Ideas Natural/Geographic Social Political Economic Cultural Technical/Scientific
2: Ideas To expand was the main idea during this time. People wanted more land. They wanted new experiences and a new beginning. Settlers wanted to expand their territory. This was a main part of westward expansion.
3: The idea to expand wasn't fair to everyone. The settlers wanted to expand, but this also meant kicking Native Americans off their land where they were already established.
4: Lewis & Clark
5: Lewis and Clark In 1803, President Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory. He sent Lewis and Clark to explore it. He was hoping they would find a water route connecting the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Along the way, they came across some Indian tribes. Some were friendly and helpful, some were not. The journey was very long. They endured harsh cold winters and starvation. After two years of being on this journey, the families of the men thought they were dead. But in September of 1806, Lewis and Clark return home. They kept a journal and a map along the way. Lewis and Clark became known as national heroes. That journey made a path for many more explorers that came along. This was one of the great ideas of President Jefferson.
6: Ideas for transportation
7: Life was difficult in the 1800's. They didn't have vehicles or ways of transportation. They usually went by foot or by horse. But then someone came up with the idea of a canoe. Canoes helped transport across bodies of water. They made life a lot easier.
8: Natural & Geographic
9: There were many obstacles that came in the way of settlers. They considered factors of where to settle. Transportation was very important. Water was a vital way of transportation and resource. | Mountains made it difficult to settle in some places. They settled depending on agriculture for farming, land, and water features.
10: Settlers and explorers effected the land by farming. They grew crops and resources. Where they settled depended upon the soil and water supply.
11: One of the main goals of explorers was to discover shortcuts for trade and easier paths to travel faster and more conveniently. They discovered waterways which helped transport goods.
12: Explorers didn't know where they were going many times or what they would discover. Along the journeys, they ran into Indian tribes. They were either a big help or a threat. Some didn't like anyone entering their territory and threatened to kill the explorers. Other tribes showed the explorers how they lived and showed them ways of making transportation and life easier.
13: The settlers became isolated from each other because they spent so much time away from each other that they developed their own beliefs and way of life. They wanted to be their own and not be told how to live. This may have led to the civil war. | Social
14: The southerners and Indian tribes could have done things differently. They could have made life easier for all of them. They could've shared ideas and tools instead of keeping away from each other. The outcome of history could have been different if people had tried to get along and accept one another.
15: The southerners and Native American tribes clashed. They didn't get along and it caused many problems like threats and hatred towards each other. They didn't communicate well, and they disagreed on what land belonged to who.
16: Presidents 1790-1825 | George Washington | John Adams | Jefferson | Madison | Monroe | J. Q. Adams
17: These presidents were a big part in the political part of the country. Jefferson was important because he sent Lewis and Clark on their journey. He gave them all their instructions. Monroe was involved in national politics since the American Revolution. He toured the nation because he wanted to show people his attachment to the union. "If we look to the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example of a growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy." -Monroe
18: Trade was a large part of the economy. Settlers traded with each other and that is how the economy grew. Agriculture and farming also affected the economy. Selling and trading crops helped the economy largely. Farming was important because of producing crops and food for the settlers. The Industrial Revolution had a large effect on the economy by new inventions and ways of life. | Economic
19: With so many settlers all settling at once, there was a boom in the economy. Many more items were needed, but the economy grew. Each group of settlers brought their own ways of life to the economy.
20: Indians and settlers didn't get along. They both wanted their own way of living.
21: Cultural | In 1838 an 1839, Andrew Jackson came up with an Indian Removal policy. The Cherokee tribe was forced to give up their current land and move to present-day Oklahoma. This journey is known as the "Trail of Tears" because of its awful affects to the tribe. They faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion. Over 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died.
22: How and why the Indian tribes and settler's lifestyles clashed. By the 1830's, the United States had expanded westward but large numbers of Native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the country. Some of the tribes had established farming societies and had successful economies. Few white Americans lived on the land west of the Mississippi because it was dry and not suitable for farming. There were many settlers that wanted the federal government to relocate Native Americans from their land to west of theMississippi. This was the start of the Indian Removal Act.
23: There were many different Indian tribes. These included: Cherokee, Chicksaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
25: Roads and Turnpikes For the shipments of goods, the nation needed good inland roads to travel on. Turnpikes, or toll roads, were built by private companies. Travelers paid to travel those roads, and the money helped for construction costs. The base of many of the road were crushed stone. In 1803, Ohio joined the Union. The new state asked the government for a road connecting it with the East. Congress approved funds for a National Road to the West in 1806. These roads were an easier and more convenient route.
26: The Industrial Revolution In the colonial era, there were a short supply of workers. The Americans developed tools that made their work easier and less time-consuming. People that worked at their homes or workshops made most of their goods. Using the hand tools they made, they produced furniture, equipment for farming, household items, and clothing. In the mid-1700's, change was happening in the way things were made. British inventors made machinery that was able to do some cloth making. They built mills along the rivers, causing people to leave their homes and farms to earn wages by working in the mills.
27: 1790-Samuel Slater builds first cotton mill in America. 1793-Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
28: Thinking Like a Historian | Cause and Effect The Trail of Tears was caused by Americans wanting land. It effected the Cherokee Greatly. Many died along the journey. | Change and Continuity Technology has changed greatly. We now have computers, vehicles, washers, and phones, along with many other things. In the 1800's, they had to wash clothes by hand, and life was a lot harder than it is now.
29: Using The Past The past helps us make sense of the present by understanding what happened in the past compared to the present. If an event occurred, we can compare that to a present day occurrence. | Turning Points The decision and actions of Andrew Jackson in the removal of the Cherokee transformed their lives. It was a tragic vent in history that affected the Cherokee forever. | Through Their Eyes People in the past viewed their world differently, depending on who you are talking about. The Cherokee viewed the world as unfair, because they were being pushed off their land. The settlers viewed their world as their own, and they got every piece of land they wanted.
30: Works Cited | Broussard, James McPherson, and Donald Ritchie. The American Republic To 1877. Orion Place OH: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2005. 304-81. | Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert