S: Jamestown Colony
FC: Jamestown Colony By Kira Hanson, Jane Smith, and Billy Jones
1: This book tells the story of the Jamestown Settlement in what is now Virginia. Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in the new world.
2: In 1607, 120 colonists settled on the James River, thinking it would be easy to defend.
3: John Smith said that Jamestown was "a very fit place for erecting a city"...or so he thought!
4: What John Smith didn't know was that... the land was low and swampy, the air was filled with disease-carrying mosquitoes, and the water was unsafe to drink.
5: Instead of planting crops for food, colonists searched for gold. As a result, many colonists died of starvation. By the end of the first year, only 38 of the 120 colonists were still alive.
6: Finally, John Smith takes charge. Colonists built houses. They dug wells for fresh water.
7: They planted crops. They traded with the Powhatan Indians. The corn that they got from the Powhatan helped keep the colonists alive.
8: John Rolfe raised a crop of tobacco, which soon became Virginia's cash crop.
9: Because tobacco is a labor-intensive crop and tobacco was in high demand, farmers needed more help. Indentured servants were brought to Jamestown.
10: An indentured servant agrees to work for someone for 3-7 years with the hopes of gaining freedom and purchasing their own land.
11: Unfortunately, many indentured servants died from disease, overwork, and unfair treatment by their masters. Then, a Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown. Later, they would be enslaved. This was the beginning of slavery in the colonies.
12: In 1614, John Rolfe married Pocahontas. This helped maintain peace between the English colonists and the Powhatan people.
13: The House of Burgesses was the first lawmaking assembly in the colonies. This helped establish the tradition of self-government in the colonies.