BC: The End.
FC: Kidney Cancer A Short Informational by Simon Han and Max Hairston
1: Health 10th Period Mrs. Founds
2: Background Information | - Kidney Cancer is cancer that originates in the kidney. The two most common types of kidney cancer, reflecting their location within the kidney, are renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the renal pelvis. - The kidneys are reddish-brown organs about the size of a small fist located above the waist on either side of the spine. They are closer to the back of the body than to the front. Kidneys filter blood and remove impurities, excess minerals and salts, and surplus water. Every day, the kidneys filter about 200 quarts of blood to generate two quarts of wastewater (urine). - The kidneys also produce hormones to help control blood pressure, red blood cell production, and other functions. Although people have two kidneys, each works independently, which means that the body can function with less than one complete kidney. With dialysis, a mechanized filtering process, it is possible to live without kidneys. - Kidney cancer begins when normal cells in one or both kidneys begin to change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body).
3: Kidney Animations: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mXfvLmJ40HA&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glu0dzK4dbU
4: RCC and UCC | There are many types of kidney cancer,but the two most common are: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC)- Renal cell carcinoma makes up about 85% of kidney cancers. This cancer develops within the kidney's microscopic filtering systems, the lining of tiny tubes that lead to the bladder. Transitional cell carcinoma (UCC)- This is also called urothelial carcinoma. Transitional cell carcinoma begins in the area of the kidney where urine collects before moving to the bladder. This type of kidney cancer is similar to bladder cancer and is treated like bladder cancer. It accounts for 10% to 15% of adult kidney cancers.
5: RCC | UCC
6: Factors you CAN control: - Smoking - Physical activity - Obesity Factors you CANNOT control: - Gender - Chemicals (work place, exposure) - Family history - Blood pressure - Kidney dialysis | Risk Factors
8: Signs and Symptoms Common symptoms in order are: - Blood in the urine (making the urine slightly rusty to deep red also known as hematuria) - Pain in the side that does not go away - A lump or mass in the side or the abdomen - Weight loss - Fever - Feeling very tired or having a general feeling of poor health swelling of ankles or legs (edema)
9: Routine checkups are the best way to catch any cancer early!
10: Detection and Diagnosis | - Physical exams - Urine tests - Blood tests - Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) - injection of dye into vein which collects in kidneys and makes kidneys visible to x-rays which tracks the movement of the dye - CT scan (CAT scan) - an x-ray linked to a computer that takes a series of pictures - Ultrasound test - Biopsy - Surgery
12: Treatments | - Surgery- nerphrectomy, an operation to remove the kidneys - Arterial embolization- shrinking the tumor - Radiation therapy- high energy rays to kill cancer cells - Biological Therapy- substances that flow through your body (immune system) - Chemotherapy- anticancer drugs flow through your body
14: Side Effects from Treatments Nausea, vomitting, back pain, muscle weakness, fever, diarrhea, poor appetite, hair loss (chemotherapy) Five Year Survival Rate: - 90.6% for localized - 60.3% for regional - 32.2 % for unstaged - 9.7% for distant After Treatment: - Follow up exams (lab tests, chest x-rays, CT scans) - Support groups - Remission - the recurrence of the cancer | 5 Year Survival Rate/Prognosis
15: As a whole, women who consumed at least one drink per week enjoyed a 38% lower risk of renal cell carcinoma than did those who drank less or who abstained. (More research needed.) A small percentage of the population (approximately .07 percent) are born with more than two kidneys. An even smaller percentage (about .02 percent) are born with only one kidney The kidney's have a higher blood flow than even the brain, liver or heart. | Interesting Facts