BC: THE END! | By: Livvie & Sarah
FC: typing | WELCOME TO MY LIFE!
1: All About Me! | I am an animal cell. I am made up of many different parts. I was made from other cells. I am a eukaryotic cell. I have ten cell structures. | Keep reading to find out more about who I am and who created me.
2: 1.) All living organisms are composed of cells. They may be unicellular or multicellular. This means you are like everyone else even if you are unicellular or multicellular. | The Few Basic Rules in my life that must be followed! | 2.) Cells are the basic unit of life. This means we are the smallest living thing so respect us! | 3.) Cells arise from pre-existing cells. This means we don't just show up. We come from our parents just like you did.
3: Now I must give credit to the people who discovered us, because well without them I wouldn't be writing this book to you. | Robert Hooke | Theodor Schwann | Rudolph Virchow | Matthias Schleiden
4: Now I know these are the most attractive people you have ever seen, but these are my founders. You better respect them or else. | Virchow: He suggested cells come from pre-existing cells. | Hooke: He discovered cells. (The father of cells.) | Schwann: He suggested that all living things contain cells. | Schleiden: He stated that all plants have cells which later lead to the cell theory.
5: Plant vs. Animal Cells
6: Similarities | Both animal and plant cell are very complex and have many different parts. They both contain a golgi apparatus, lysosome, cell membrane, ribosomes, mitochondrion, rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum, nucleolus, cytoplasm, nucleus.
7: Differences | There are some differences between them. A plant cell contains chloroplast, central vacuole, and cell wall.
8: Homeostasis | This is the ability for your body to stay stable. In order to maintain a stable body, each cell part must work together to correctly do its job. Its like in your household. If your mom, for example, doesn't for her job, your household might fall apart especially if shes your main provider.
9: This is a result of not maintaining homeostasis. | When your body becomes cold, its starts to shiver. This is the natural reaction of having homeostasis.
10: Cell Membrane | Cell membrane or plasma membrane is one of the vital parts of a cell that encloses and protects the constituents of a cell. It separates the interior of a cell from outside environment.
13: Differences and Similarities The Eukaryote and Prokaryote cells have some distinct differences. One of them would be that the Eukartyote cell has a nucleus and the Prokaryote cell doesn't. The prokaryote cell has a cell wall, cell membrane, flagellum, necleoid and a capsule, while the Eukaryote has a mitochodria and a nucleolis. The Eukaryote cell is larger because the range is 10-100, rather than 0.1-10. The only similarities they have are the ribosomes. (Refer to picture if clarification is needed)
14: Golgi Apparatus: Serves as the package and distribution center of the cell. Enzymes are inside the Golgi Apparatus, helping to modify the proteins that are being received from the ER. Lysosome: Digest and recycle the cell's used components by breaking down proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbs. Cell Membrane: Encloses the cell and separates the cell interior from the external world. Ribosome: The cellular structure where proteins are made. It is composed of RNA and protein: the site of protein synthesis. Mitochondrion: Harvest energy from organic compounds to make ATP, the main energy currency of cells.The Mitochondrion also makes some of their own proteins by using their free ribosomes in the cytosol.
15: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum: Helps transport proteins that are made by the attached ribosomes. As each protein is made, it crosses the ER's membrane and then it enters the ER. The part of the ER that contains the completed protein pitches off to form a vesicle. Nucleolus: Produces subunits that form ribosomes. A non-membrane cell structure that is present in every cell. Cytoplasm: The substance that fills the cell which is a jelly-like material that is eighty percent water and usually clear in color. Nucleus: A membrane bounded organelle that contains the cell's DNA and that has a role in the process of growth, metabolism, and reproduction. Controls most of the functions of a eukaryotic cell. Surrounded by a double membrane called the nuclear envelope. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum: An extensive system of internal membranes that moves proteins and other substances through the cell. Made of a lipid bilayer with embedded proteins.
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