BC: This Mixbook will teach you about the foods, feasts, and etiquette in the Middle Ages. You will learn about the medieval diet, feasts, table manners, and even take a look at a menu written in the Middle Ages.
FC: Medieval Food, Feasts, and Table Manners | By: Ben Luo | The Medieval Food City
1: This Mixbook is dedicated to my parents, teachers, and classmates.
2: Table of Contents | Lower Class Diet Upper Class Diet Medieval Feasts Medieval Feast Menu Table Manners Pictures Bibliography | 3 4 5-6 7 8 9-11 12-13
3: The majority of the peasant diet is made up of barley. They also commonly ate pigs or sheep for meat. A common beverage consumed by peasants was ale, a type of beer. Compared to nobles, peasants generally had more nutrition in their diet, like vitamins and high fiber from the fruits and vegetables. However, they were often hungry. | Diet of the Lower Class | Loaves of barley bread | 3
4: Nobles were able to eat a lot more food than the lower class. The upper class diet consists of very high protein due to the amount of meats served, like pork, lamb, deer, rabbit, and the line of birds like chickens, pigeons, sparrows, vultures, cranes, peacocks and so on. Fruits such as peaches, plums, apples, and cherries were cooked before served. Wine was usually drunk by the upper class. Nobles were able to afford expensive spices, like peppers and cinnamon, which were also used to hide the taste of spoiled meat. Even salt was considered valuable during this time. Ironically, the upper class diet lacked vitamins A, C, and D. This caused nobles to suffer from diseases like scurvy. Scurvy is a disease caused by the lack of vitamin C. Symptoms include pain in bones, gum disease, loosening of teeth, and even death. | Diet of the Upper Class | 4
5: Medieval Feasts | Food during this time was one of the main focuses for entertaining. The wealthy would spend extravagantly to make a good impression. The amounts of food consumed was shocking to even today. A feast in 1467 had over 6000 people attend and thousands of dishes were served. | A feast will normally start with something easily digestible like soup, some fruits like peaches, and green vegetables like lettuce. Spices were also used in the beginning because it was thought to "open the stomach." Cheese was eaten before and after a meal to help someone digest food. Because of this, after someone eats something that is more difficult to digest, like beef, he or she will immediately eat cheese to digest it. Foods that were difficult to digest, like pears, chestnuts, beef, and pork were eaten later in the meal | 5
6: Exotic foods were served to the guests of the highest class. Wine was drunk throughout and drunken at the end as a tradition. Sweeter foods were saved for last, so sweet fruits, cakes, and wines were consumed in the end. | 6
7: Menu | First Course ======================= | Cabbage Soup Bread Pepper Cheese | Second Course =============== Beef Chicken Pork | Third Course (High Class Only) ====================== Peacock Crane Vulture | Dessert ======================= Cake Grapes | 7
8: Table Manners | Some table manners during the middle ages are still in use today, though some have gone obsolete. Not putting elbows on the table and washing hands before eating are examples of etiquette still in place. Obsolete rules include wiping mouth before drinking from a cup and wiping the knife and spoon after using them (there were no forks back then.) | 8
9: Pictures | Ale was a common drink for the peasants during the Middle Ages. | 9
10: Salt and pepper in the high class were used to flavor foods. Neither were available to the lower class. | 10
11: Spoons and knives exist, but forks were unknown. | 11
12: Works Cited Carr, Karen. "Medieval Food - History for Kids!" Kidipede - History for Kids - Homework Help for Middle School Social Studies. 20 Oct. 2011. Web. 07 Nov. 2011.
13: "Medieval Feast: Menus And Etiquette - Historical Foods." Historical Foods - Recipes, Cooking & History. Historical Foods, 2011. Web. 22 Nov. 2011.