FC: Mesopotamia by J. Newbold
1: Mesopotamia I owe it all to Mr.Donn's research
2: Contents The Priests...............3 The Upper Class..............4 The Lower Class................5 The Slaves....................6 Doctors.........................7 Women......................... 8 Education.......................9 Fall of Mesopotamia............10 Time Line........................11
3: You were in Mesopotamia you have to make a book on the way Mesopotamians work and live life.Here is what you found.
4: The priest: The priests were powerful they made sure everyone was behaved in a way that would please the Gods.They were leaders and Priests! 3
5: The upper class: The upper class were the rich and fancy people. They wore lots of jewels and beautiful gowns and hats. They had big houses like wealthy people have today. 4
6: The lower class: The lower class were like the middle class today they wore normal clothes nice gowns and plain hats. They have lived in nice but small houses. 5
7: The slaves: The slaves were maids, butlers and servants the wore rags and might have been bare foot. They probably lived in there masters houses. The people bought and sold slaves. 6
8: The doctors Doctors were the priest if you were sick you would call a priest. There is a story about a boy dressed to look like a fish when he was sick the author doesn't know why the boy was dressed like a fish 7
9: The women The women were treated differently than most ancient civilizations." Women could freely go to the marketplace, buy and sell goods, handle legal issues, own property, and start their own business. Upper class women, like members of the royal family and those who gave their life to the temple as priestesses, could learn how to read and write. Some women even had jobs running parts of the town or jobs in city government".
10: Education "The ancient Mesopotamians believed in education. Record keeping was very important to them. They wrote everything down. They wanted their sons to learn how to read and write. Their written language was called cuneiform. Schools were attached to temples. Only boys went to school. Teachers were very strict. Students had to do a perfect job, or they were punished (usually whipped.) In spite of the punishment they quite often received, most students wanted to go to school anyway. Someone who could read and write could always find a good job."
11: The Fall of Mesopotamia "Along with factors such as war and changes in the environment, scientists now believe irrigation techniques played an important role in Mashkan-shapir's collapse. The same process that allowed farming in this region also eventually made it impossible to farm. Irrigation has a Catch-22: if irrigation water is allowed to sit on the fields and evaporate, it leaves behind mineral salts; if attempts are made to drain off irrigation water and it flows through the soil too quickly, erosion becomes a problem. Scientists believe that Mashkan-shapir's collapse was caused in part by destruction of the fields by mineral salts. When mineral salts concentrate in the upper levels of the soil, it becomes poisonous for plants."
12: also Mesopotamia was over took by many other counties. 11
13: Time Line 5000 BC "Earliest evidence of human culture in Mesopotamia~4700 BC Hassunah period: earliest potterymakingculture~4400 BC Halaf period: pottery culture withknowledgemetal~3900 BC Ubaid period: first well-known culture from southern Mesopotamia; the Ubaids give the first evidence of temple and other sophisticated architecture ~360BC Warka period: first civilization after the Ubaid in southern Mesopotamia; the Warka period marks the beginning of the Protoliterate period in Mesopotamia ~3400 BC Gawra and Ninevite periods 2900 BC Pre-dynastic Sumerians 2750 BC First Sumerian dynasty of Ur" 12
14: 2100-1800 BC Third Sumerian dynasty of Ur 1800-1170 BC Old Babylonian period 1728-1685 BC Hammurabi, author of the first known Code of Laws 1600-1100 BC Staggered periods of Hittite hegemony over Mesopotamia 1520-1170 BC Periods of Kassite dominance1200-612 BC Assyrian period 714-681 BC Reign of Sennacherib, whose conquest of Judah resulted in the first deportations of the Hebrews 668-626 BC Reign of Ashurbanipal, the most energetic of the Assyrian conquerors 612 BC Fall of Nineveh 612-539 BC Neo-Babylonian Period ~650-600 BC Zarathustra, the founder of Persian Zoroastrianism 13
15: 605-565 BC Reign of Nebuchadnezzar; his conquest of Judah and subsequent deportation of some Hebrew peoples mark the beginning of the Hebrew Exile 539 BC Fall of Babylon and the beginning of Persian dominance Mesopotamia 546 BC Conquest of Lydia and the Greek cities of Asia Minor by Cyrus521-486 BC Reign of Darius I; the Persian empire at its fullest extent, from Macedon to Egypt, Palestine to India 499-494 BC Rebellion of Greek cities against Persian rule 490-489 BC Darius I invades Greece on a punitive expedition against Athens; known in Greek history as Persian Wars480-479 BC Invasion of Greece by Xerxes 479 BC Defeat of Persian armies by the Greeks ~400 BC Beginnings of Mithraism in Zoroastrianism 14
16: 330 BC Alexander enters Babylon; final fall of the Persians and Mesopotamian dominance over the region; beginning of Hellenistic period 250 BC Founding of Manicheism, an offshoot of Mithraism and Zoroastrianism, by Mani, a priest of Ecbatana 15
17: credit pages "Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Education (Ancient School - And you think you have it rough!)." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Index. Web. 28 Jan. 2010.
18: Annenberg Media. Web. 04 Feb. 2010.
19: "Classroom Clipart - Free Clipart, Illustrations, Animations and Royalty Free Photographs." Classroom Clipart - Free Clipart, Clip Art Pictures,Royalty Free Photographs Illustrations,. Web. 10 Feb. 2010.