S: Middle East Vocab
FC: Middle East Vocabulary Haven Shofter | Turn Le Page
1: A hijab is a headscarf worn by Muslim women. | Hijab
2: Judaism is a monotheistic religion, having their spirtual and ethical principles embodied in the Torah. | Judaism
3: Islam is a monotheistic religion founded in Arabia based on teachings of Muhammad, stated in the Koran. | Islam
4: Yom Kippur | Yom Kippur is a major fast for Jewish people.
5: Ramadan is a muslim fast held from sunset to sunrise. | Ramadan
6: Jihad is a war waged by Muslims against infidels.
7: Shiite is a branch of Islam that regards Ali as legitimate successor to Muhammad | A mosque is the place for muslim worship. | A synagouge is a place for Jewish worship.
8: Palestinians are people who were illegally deprived of their land and homes after 1948.
9: A Bedouin is a part of the predominantly desert-dwelling Arab ethnic group. | Hamas is a political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon.
10: Al Qaeda is an international group formed by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s. | The taliban is the Islamic militia, a group of terrorists. | Intifada is an uprising against Israel.
11: Fundamentalism is the belief that every word in sacred text is the literal truth. | PLO is a political movement trying to create an independent state of Palestine. | OPEC is an organization of countries formed to agree on a policy for production and sale of petroleum.
12: Sunni is a branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad. | An Arab is a member of Semitic people originating from Arabian peninsula.
13: Terrorism is the use of violence against innocent civilians.