FC: Created by Joel Stilwell
1: This is two Wodaabe men with a sword dressed up at the cure salee festival. The Wodaabe, a group of Fulani nomadic herders, gather in the area to give their animals salt (abundant in the I-n-Gall region) and to socialize.
2: A group of Wodaabe men getting ready to dance at the Cure Salee. This is an annual festival that's celebrated around I-N-Gall where the men dress up and dance.
3: A group of Wodaabe men sit atop elaborately decorated camels before they race
4: Wodaabe women choose men to marry during the Cure Salee festival based largely on the men's demonstrations of dancing.
5: Using a technique common to the region, a fisherman casts his net into the Niger River
6: Local pouring himself a cup of tea, people usually drink tea multiple times a day. It is often a group activity, offering it to others is a sign of hospitality.
7: The city of Agadez has Mud houses covering most of its land
8: A grand mosque in Agadez, it is Sahelian architecture. It is the most prominent building in the city.
9: A local vendor prepares instant coffee in Niger's capital for the patrons to enjoy. Breakfast in urban areas often consists of bread and a serving of coffee.
10: Even though people enjoy coffee with their breakfast some people have a struggle of getting breakfast alone
11: This is a poster for people to help join the fight to clean the Niger Delta from all of the trash and pollution that is caused by their bodies bathing and disposing of waste.
12: 2010 Military Coup On Feb. 18, 2010, soldiers overthrew the government of President Mamadou Tandja. The military junta identified its chief as Squadron Leader Salou Djibo and said civil servants would run ministries and regions until a new government was formed. The coup leaders, including two colonels, took power in the name of what they called the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy. Crowds of demonstrators have greeted Niger's new military rulers with outpourings of support in the streets. Mr. Tandja was under arrest in a villa adjoining the presidential palace in Niamey, the capital. Although he was elected twice, he faced increasing international opprobrium and opposition at home as he steadily rolled back hard-fought democratic gains. He amended the constitution to extend his rule in 2009, a move that caused tensions to run high in the country and led to international sanctions. For many in Niger, the push by Mr. Tandja, a former military man, to stay beyond the legal limit of two terms, threatened a democracy barely a decade old. In his effort for a new constitution abolishing term limits and giving him more power after a 10-year tenure, Mr. Tandja dissolved a high court that ruled against his bid to remain in office; dismissed a fractious Parliament; took steps to muzzle the press, including shutting down a radio and television station; and arrested opposition leaders.
13: The President of Niger, Mamadou Tandja, has been accused of corruption because he amended their constitution so that he could stay in office longer then he already has been since he is already on his second term. He completely got rid of a term limit therefore allowing people to run as many times as they want. Then after 10 years of being president that person would gain power. The military coup was the group that ended up taking him out of his power and into custody.
14: Famine Persists in Niger, but Denial Is Past NIAMEY, Niger — Outside the state food warehouses here, women sift in the dirt for spilled grains of rice. Seven hundred miles to the east, mothers pluck bitter green berries and boil them for hours in an attempt to feed their children. In urban slums and desert villages, one word is on all lips: famine. Once again Niger is facing a food crisis, a grimly familiar predicament in a vast desert country with an explosive birthrate and rudimentary agriculture. Rains and crops failed last year — rainfall was about 70 percent below normal in the region — and now half the population of 15 million faces food shortages, officials say. Thus it was in 2005, 1985 and 1974.
15: The amount of famine in Niger at this time is unheard of, people are doing absolutely everything they can do to try to feel themselves and their children. They were doing fine until the birth rate shot up, they finally started to run out of food. Families are trying to spread the amount of food they get across everyone but they are making to little to actually survive. Another thing that they have against them is that the amount of rainfall has decreased by 70% making clean water hard to come by as well.
16: Libya Asks Niger to Extradite Qaddafi Son After Remarks Niger pledged to tighten its surveillance of Saadi el-Qaddafi, who fled south to the West African state in September as Libyan rebels gained the upper hand over Colonel Qaddafi’s forces. While officials in Niger said that Mr. Qaddafi’s comments violated a condition of his stay — not to engage in subversion against the Libyan authorities — they reiterated that he could not be handed over to a state where he could face execution.
17: Saadi el-Qaddafi was overheard in Libya on the phone that they should prepare for the "Coming Uprising." Once this was heard he was chased all through Libya and then into Niger. Libya asked for Niger to hand Qaddafi over to them and they refused and took him in themselves.
18: 2 French Hostages Are Found Dead in Niger Two Frenchmen kidnapped in Niger were found dead on Saturday after a rescue attempt on the border with Mali that involved the militaries of both Niger and France, the French government said. The hostages were kidnapped late Friday night from a bar in Niamey, the Niger capital, reportedly by four armed men wearing turbans who tried to take them into Mali. They were pursued by Niger’s military, with French military help, and were intercepted at the border on Saturday. After a firefight, the hostages were found dead, the French defense minister, Alain Juppé, said in a statement.
19: Al Qaeda members kidnapped two Frenchmen from Mali and were found dead in Niger. It was described that four men wearing turbans showed up and took the Frenchmen. The Nigerien and French military both followed them through Niger and there was a fire fight, after the fire fight it was noticed that the hostages have been killed.
20: Niger Junta Gives Assurances on Democracy Plans NIAMEY, Niger — The military junta that deposed Niger’s longtime leader last week sought to assure visiting diplomatic delegations on Sunday that it would soon restore democracy, as more signs emerged that the violent overthrow had been widely welcomed in this impoverished West African desert nation. Junta leaders met with representatives from the United Nations, the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States, telling them that the new government would “work with Nigériens of all political leanings,” said Mohamed Ibn Chambas of the economic community. “We received very clear assurances,” he told reporters. The deposed president, Mamadou Tandja, was under arrest in a villa adjoining the whitewashed presidential palace, a junta spokesman told reporters on Sunday afternoon. Meanwhile, crowds of demonstrators here and elsewhere greeted Niger’s new military rulers with outpourings of support in the streets.
21: After the President has been kicked out of office everyone has been running in chaos because there is no democracy in the country for this short period. The government is trying to reassure the people of their land that good will be made and someone will be able to take his place soon enough.
22: 20. We must also fight poverty as a moral, social and political imperative, by concentrating on our comparative advantage, that is by placing high premium on agriculture. It is gratifying to note that with the emergence of the trio of the Central Bank Governor, Mallam Lamido Sanusi Lamido; Finance Minister, Mrs. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala; and the Agriculture Minister, Dr. Akinwumi Ayodeji Adesina, Nigeria will hopefully go beyond theories to results in agricultural transformation. The agricultural sector should witness proper revitalization this time around, through the integrated value-chain approach that will enable the agricultural sector play its dominant role in economic growth and development, as well as in employment generation, especially for the youth. All subsidies (agricultural or petroleum) and import waivers must target the people (farmers, transporters, etc) directly; otherwise they should be abolished, once we discover that subsidies are only serving the needs of a few privileged people.
23: This is a speech from the governor of Niger and in this section he is addressing the poverty that they have been experiencing more recently. He explains that everyone should help out in this, Civilians and the government. Also that if everyone focuses on their premium agriculture that they should be fine and this would balance out their economic issues.
24: This is the currency that is used in Niger; it is the Central Africa CFA Franc. The 1000 Franc shown above is equivalent to about 2.02 American Dollars.
25: People visiting Niger and dressing in the traditional clothing that is worn there by the natives.
26: This is some of the food that the natives eat if they can afford the food. Since there is a famine it is hard for people to be able to get food like this though.
27: This drawing was created by a boy named Bayan Ayoubzadeh, a 15 year old buy who attends Sahel Academy. In the bottom left he wrote "Spiritual, Intellectual,and Physical education will lead people towards Peace all around the World."
28: Authentic jewelry that is hand made by people of Niger that they can sell to the people fortunate to be able to buy. If people have jewelry they obviously wealthy or the makers of it.
29: Dear Mom and Dad, It’s very different here then the kind of life style we are used to, I’m staying in a small hut like some of the locals. Fortunately I have enough money for me to be able to get some of the little food they have here. These people here need as much help as they can get, I know I can make some difference here. I hope you guys are doing well. I love you. Love, Joel
30: Dear Mom and Dad, I know you haven’t heard from me in a while; I’ve been quite busy over here helping out all of the locals. I’m doing well, glad I can make a difference in the world. It’s unfortunate how it is over here; there is so much famine for the natives. I’ve already seen a person die from starvation. It is hard living over here, seeing everyone hurting as much as they are. I’m just glad what I’m doing is important. How is everyone? I haven’t heard from them since I’ve been here. I miss you guys and I’ll see you soon. Love, Joel
31: Dear Chuckles, I hope things are going well for you man it’s been a while since I’ve seen you. Niger is going well for me, the people here are very nice but they are in desperate need of help. It is so much different here then it is in the United States, there is so much famine and poverty. The other day I saw someone here die from starvation which wasn’t fun. I’m very fortunate that I have enough money to pay for myself to live. Just thought I’d keep you up to date with everything, I hope you’re doing well. I’ll see you when I get back Sincerely, Your dearest friend Joel
32: Works Consulted Agadez Grand Mosque. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 10 Feb 2012. Wodaabe Traditional Clothing. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 10 Feb 2012. Wodaabe Dance. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 10 Feb 2012. Afternoon Tea. 2010. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 16 Feb 2012 "Flag of Niger." Image. CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 24 Feb 2012. Agadez. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 24 Feb 2012 Wodaabe Camel Racing. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 24 Feb 2012. Wodaabe Women. 2004. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 24 Feb 2012.
33: Fishing on the Niger. 2003. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 24 Feb 2012 Coffee Vendor. 2009. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 1 Mar 2012 Niger Currency. N.d. Nam News Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2012.
34: Ayoubzadeh, Bayan. Niger. N.d. WordPress. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.
35: Niger Food. N.d. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2012.