S: Problem-Based Learning
FC: LEARNING TO THINK: THE PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING APPROACH
1: What is Problem-Based Learning? | Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional method that challenges students to "learn to think," working cooperatively in groups to seek solutions to real world problems. These problems are used to engage students' curiosity, facilitate learning in the subject matter and develop problem-solving skills. PBL prepares students to think critically and analytically, and to find and use appropriate learning resources. This method was modeled after the teachings of Plato and Socrates, who required that their students think, retrieve information for themselves, search for new ideas and debate them in a scholarly environment. One of the primary features of Problem-Based Learning is that it is student-centered, or refers to learning opportunities that are relevant to the students, the goals of which are at least partly determined by the students themselves.
2: What PBL is: •Focus on a problem to be solved or question to be answered •Student-centered •Teachers act as a coach or guide, not expert or lecturer •Students work in small groups to solve/provide multiple solutions to problems •Students are guided by self and peer assessment | What PBL isn't: •Students are focused just on retelling facts •Teacher gives daily lectures and dispels information •Worksheets •Random fact gathering •Students working alone
3: What PBL can be: •Problem-based, project-based, inquiry-based •Foster problem-solving, creative thinking, critical thinking •WebQuests •Online Collaborative Projects •Simulations | What PBL must be: •Tied to the Arizona Content and Technology Standards •Focused on higher level thinking skills •Technology-Infused •Focus on real-world issues •Authentically Assessed
4: How will this approach benefit my child? | •Encourages adaptation and participation in change •Fosters application of problem solving in new and future situations •Facilitates creative and critical thought •Allows for appreciation of diverse viewpoints •Encourages successful team collaboration •Identification of learning weaknesses and strengths •Promotion of self-directed learning •Promotes effective communication and leadership skills •utilization of relevant and varied resources •Prepares students for 21st century higher learning / work environments
5: For more information: •http://www.usc.edu/hsc/dental/ccmb/usc-csp/Quikfacts.htm •http://www.pbl.uci.edu/whatispbl.html •http://www.samford.edu/ctls/pbl_background.html •http://www.udel.edu/pbl/ •http://www.samford.edu/ctls/pbl_background.html •http://www.usc.edu/hsc/dental/ccmb/usc-csp/Quikfacts.htm •http://www.pbl.uci.edu/whatispbl.html •http://www.usc.edu/hsc/dental/ccmb/usc-csp/chartpbl.pdf