FC: Sociology; Current Events Book | Kayla Bailey Sociology November 21, 2011
1: Table of Contents | Human Behavior: Body Dysmorphic Disorder More Crime During a Major Blackout? Hooked on Gadgets Inequalities: The Occupy Wall Street Movement Events Map Works Cited | Page 2 6 10 18 22 24
2: Human Behavior: Body Dysmorphic Disorder | Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a disorder that causes a person to become obsessive about facial features or certain body parts. A person may find a flaw in their nose, for example, and become insistent that it is horribly disfigured yet the problem in reality is so minimal that it cannot be noticed or does not even exist. This disorder causes behaviors such as compulsion and avoidance. Someone with BDD thinks about their flaw for at least an hour a day and compulsively checks the mirror. It can also cause a person to cover up and hide, avoid social interactions, and avoid looking at themselves in mirrors. Some may choose plastic surgery in order to â€œfixâ€ their imperfections. | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2
3: Body Dysmorphic Disorder can affect both men and women equally and becomes most prominent around the age of 17. It is believed to be caused from a chemical imbalance of serotonin. Because of this, BDD can lead to depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts and actions. Cultural influences, such as fashion models and actors/actresses, along with teasing can emphasis symptoms due to the need to be perfect. BDD is a serious disorder that affects every minute of a person€™'s life. | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3
4: Body Dysmorphic Disorder is important because it affects many people and can be worse in some societies that preaches perfection. Surprisingly, Korea has the highest rates of plastic surgery (I'm sure you though it was going to be the US.) Korean culture encourages plastic surgery to fix imperfections. Learning how people are influenced by the media and their chemical make up, are essential to sociology and figuring out the dynamics in a society. | 4
5: During the renaissance time period, women strived to have wide hips and small breasts. Today this is the exact opposite. It is really quite sad that society is always trying to create standards. Too many girls and boys grow up to hate their bodies just because the TV told them its not what looks beautiful. | 5
6: More Crime During a Major Blackout? | On Thursday, September 8th, a wide spread blackout occurred across the San Diego County. The blackout left 1.4 million household without power unexpectedly. Soon after finding out the the power outage could last as long as three days, almost all businesses let their employees go home - What else were they going to do without electricity? With the whole county left in complete blackness, there was a lot of worry that businesses would become easy targets for crimes and vandalism. | 6
7: 7 | Surprisingly, this was not the case. There were barely any cases of looting or break-ins that related to the black out. There had been a few cases of broken windows yet there wasn't anything stolen. Police described crime as being slow and dead. It appears that people were too busy trying to beat the heat than to loot for free things. This is an odd phenomena because in a city so populated like San Diego, one would expect an outburst of crime when there is no electricity
8: The Individualistic Perspective: | The Sociological Perspective: | Why would someone commit a crime? | Why are there less crimes when there is a blackout? | > EconomicReasons > Peer Pressure > Lack of morals or judgment | I think that it might be trickier to commit a crime in complete darkness. You would need a flashlight which would be noticeable especially with more people outside their houses grilling and socializing. | > Anger > Boredom > Beliefs | What do YOU think?!? | 8
9: This really shows how society comes together when something serious happens. People talked to neighbors that they had never talked to before and socialized without the use of media. Although the blackout resulted in a massive sewage waste spill, spoiled food, and a total of over 100 million dollars in costs, I think that it was very beneficial to society. Many people forget to just sit down and have conversations with their family, friends, and neighbors. This blackout helped many connect with each other. It is great that people make things worse by taking advantage of the situation. | Here is the view of Alpine from my house. The only lights were coming from the Police Station. | 9
10: The Pandemic of Technology | 10 | Today, people are engaged in three times as much information a day than someone would encounter in the 1960â€™s. With the new era of technology came Ipods, cell phones, laptops, high speed internet, cable TV, and thousands of options for television channels and website. People are constantly being bombarded with information and are losing their focus and to make matters worse, it is highly addictive. We crave technology â€and constantly check facebook, twitter, youtube, email, texts, and news stories because it causes a chemical reaction in our brain called a dopamine squirt.
12: Post Classical Africa and Asia Islam, the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah, start to rise during this era. It was starting to influence everything politically and socially around Asia, Africa and everywhere else. Civilizations were adventuring into new areas where they would gain new lands. As Africa was trying to find new ways to get easier ways of trade, the action of buying and selling goods and services, across their lands so was Asia. Asia was trading using boats and made the Silk Road, a road that stretched through China that made it easier for travel and trades. The Mongols, a native or national of Mongolia; a Mongolian, threaten most of China. This made it difficult for China to grow. | Scientists used to believe that the human brain stopped developing as a child but they now know that this is nâ€™ot true. The human brain is always changing and reprogramming itself depending on the environment. Humans can only deal with one stream of information. A question is however, are multitaskers programming their brains to be able to receive more information at a time? A test was devised that showed a non-multitasker a picture of red rectangles and then a similar image, but the multitasker had to also deal with meaningless blue rectangles incorporated in the image. They then had to answer if any of the red rectangles had moved. This study showed that multitaskers cannot filter unimportant information such as the blue rectangles. The multitaskers also had more trouble than the non-multitaskers when switching tasks and performing two tasks at the same time. | 12
13: A part of our brain is described as the â€œcontrol towerâ€, whose job is to focus and prioritize. When a person is flooded with sights and sounds, it uses all the power of the "control tower", making focusing and prioritizing vanish. Multitaskers cannot shut off their impulses and tend to have trouble focusing and get distracted even when they arenâ€™t multitasking. Another troubling effect from the technological era is that people have higher stress hormones, which causes a decline in short term memory. So, people cannot focus and prioritize and they are forgetting things! | 13
14: However, not all of the effects from technology are bad. A study found that Internet users have greater brain activity than the nonusers. â€œFast-paced video gamesâ€ are said to increase reaction time and players can retrieve more details in midst of chaos than those who don't play. This study can go on to create interactive games that benefit real-life situations such as driving. Nobody knows for sure yet whether the overall effect of technology is good or bad, but there is definitely something happening in the human brain because of it. | 16
15: 17 | What is the longest you've spent without a television, computer, or a cell phone?
16: This is an extremely important current event in sociology. Our society depends so greatly on technology. 99% of households have at least one television and 66% of that has over THREE televisions. The average American child spends 900 hours at school yet, they spend 1500 hours watching TV each year. This does not even show the statistics for technologies such as cellphones and the Internet. Being hooked on gadgets means that our society is evolving and the dynamics are changing. Sociology is the study of human behaviors, interactions, and organizations. The technology era is changing the way all | 14 | of these work. Heres a couple examples: 1.) Instead of having a company meeting in person, businesses can just use skype. 2.) Family and friends can catch up using Facebook.
17: What If...? | I can relate to this article because like most of the rest of the US population, I am hooked on gadgets. I spend most of my free time on the computer or watching the television. It is really hard sometimes to concentrate because there may be music playing, the TV on, and a Facebook window up on the computer. This article definitely speaks a lot of truth and is great reminder to put down the electronics. I also believe that aside from the multitasking, the amount of information available today is what makes this era great. People today can have any (well almost any) question answered. We can keep up with the local and world-wide news. Do you think someone 200 years-ago knew what was going on in other countries? That is what makes being hooked on gadgets worth it. | 15
18: Inequalities: The Occupy Wall Street Movement | September 17th, 2011, the movement called Occupy Wall Street started in Zuccotti Park, New York, and since then has moved to over 900 cities across the globe. In the United States, this movement is mainly focused on issues like the extreme income inequality, powerful corporations, and class systems. In data from 2009, jobs were still going down and people were getting paid less leaving the median income at $26,364 (The lowest since 1999). However, in the same year, the number of people who made over $1 million increased by 20%. This means that the middle class is disappearing and while the poor are getting poorer, the rich keep getting richer. | 18
19: 19 | Occupy Wall Street represents the “99%” of Americans who have been affected by the long-lasting job crisis, increases in rates and debt, and the harsh mortgages in the midst of the foreclosure crisis. In a way, it has united our country because no matter what political, racial, and religious differences, the 99 percent shares the same problems from the crippled economy. Occupy Wall Street’s basic goal is to bridge the gap between the super wealthy and the poor. Although there hasn’t been any change, one thing that has already come out of this movement is the encouragement to stand up when we see inequalities.
20: Inequalities, and the protests and struggles that come with them, are a major part of a society. In certain societies, such as many European countries, protesting is normal. However in other societies, like Cuba, any form of defiance would land you in jail. It is important for citizens to be able to freely express their views because it is their way of living that they are trying to better. If Occupy Wall Street were to accomplish something, we may see the United States focus on what benefits the whole country and not just the richest 1%. | 20
21: 21 | I think that our modern society does not value protesting as much as it should. With the economic recession, we all just accepted our fate and didn't demand relief. It is really inspiring to see people take their fate into their own hands. This is the biggest and possibly even the first protest I have ever seen in the United States. This is a really important issue because our government decided to bailout large corporations instead of the people. It saddens me to see that nothing is coming from Occupy Wall Street yet, but hopefully we will see the benefits from this protest.
22: "More Crime During a Major Blackout?" Took place in San Diego, California, USA | "The Pandemic of Technology" takes place in countries that is reliant on technology. The top technology countries are the USA, Taiwan, Finland, and Sweden. | Finland and Sweden | USA | San Diego, California | Europe | 22
23: "Human Behavior: Body Dysmorphic Disorder" is especially apparent in cultures that value appearance. Examples would be Korea and the USA. | Korea | Taiwan | "Inequalities: The Occupy Wall Street Movement" is taking place in over 900 cities across the globe. Main Coutries include the USA and Eastern European countries. | 23
24: Works Cited | Human Behavior: Body Dysmorphic Disorder | "Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)" Anxiety Disorders Association of America, ADAA Web. 25 Oct. 2011.
25: More Crime During a Major Blackout? | "Power Returning after Massive Outage in San Diego, Mexico." Indystar.com. A Gannet Company, 9 Sept. 2011. Web. 12 Sept. 2011.
26: Inequalities: The Occupy Wall Street Movement | Alain Sherter. "Why Occupy Wall Street Is Spreading Fast | BNET." BNET - The CBS Interactive Business Network. 20 Oct. 2011. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.