FC: Sunnis | By: Teigha Ward
1: The Sunnis are part of the Religion Islam which has many sects of branches with the Sunnis as the largest denomination and over 80% of the Muslim population is part of the Sunnis sect. | Sunni is based on the belief that the Prophet Muhammad died without appointing a successor to lead the Muslim community. | s u n n i s
2: Thirty years after Muhammad's death, a civil war broke out known as the Fitna. Many of Muhammad's relatives were involved in the power struggle, and the war finally calmed down when the governor of Syria took control of the Caliphate. This marked the rise of the Umayyad dynasty which ruled Islam until 750. Three sects of Islam then developed and emerged at the end of the Fitna. The three sects were Sunni and Shi'a Islam, and the Khwarij sect, which is generally rejected by Islamic scholars as illegitimate and is only practiced in Oman and Yemen today. | Backgroud
3: Sunnis base their religion on the Quran and the Sunnah as understood by the majoroty of the community under the structure of four schools of law. The four Sunni schools of law (madhahib)- the Hanafi, the Maliki, the Shafi'i and the Hanbali | These four schools of religious law associate themselves with four great scholars of early Islam: Abu Haneefah, Malik, Shafi'i, and Ahmad bin Hanbal. These scholars were known for their knowledge and devotion throughout the Muslim world.
4: 1. Reality of one God 2. Existence of angels of God 3.Authority of the books of God 4. Following the prophets of God 5. Preparation for the Day of Judgment 6. Supremacy of God’s will | Beliefs
5: 1.The Five Pillars- the five main beliefs of Islam-(shahada, salat, sawm, zakah, hajj) 2. Sawm- fasting during Ramadan 3. Salat- tradition to perfom 5 prayers daily. Times of day for prayer-(fajr-dawn, dhurh-midafternoon, asr-late afternoon, maghrib-sunset, ishaa-evening) 4. Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca required at least once in a lifetime