S: Texas: the Londestar State
BC: Thank you for accompanying me on my journey through Texas!
FC: Texas: The Lonestar State
1: This book is dedicated to all the Texans. By: Emma Tyson
2: Table Of Contents | Water: Canadian River Guadalupe River Leon River Red River Historical Importance: Alamo Apollo Mission Control Center Permian Basin Petroleum Museum Yorktown Historical Museum Cities: Dallas Fort Worth Houston Jacksonville Waco
3: Land Forms: Enchanted Rock Inner Mt. Space Caverns Natural Bridge Caverns Rio Grande Valley Recreation: Bastrop State park Texas Quilt Museum Six Flags X Park USA Houston Zoo Universities: Our Lady of the Lake Kingwood College Texas A&M University of Texas Tech
4: Alamo Historical Importance | The Texas Alamo is one of the stateÂ’s most popular tourist attractions, with over 2.5 million visitors annually. It was moved twice, with the final move to its present location in 1724. These original buildings were already over 100 years old by the time the Battle of the Alamo happened in 1836. Today, the Alamo is owned by the State of Texas and operated by the Daughters of the Republic of Texas.
5: Bastrop State Park Recreation | The "Lost Pines" of 5,926-acre Bastrop State Park are an isolated stand of Loblolly pines separated from the vast East Texas piny woods by more than one hundred miles. Twelve miles of marked hiking trails wander through the pine-oak woodlands, including the 8.5 mile Lost Pines Hiking Trail. Opportunities for camping, picnicking, bicycling, birding, and nature study are some of the fun activities you can do at Bastrop State Park. White-tail deer and different bird species in habit the park. Ten acres of surface water, in the form of small fishing ponds and lakes, are found within the park; additionally, 900-acre Lake Bastrop is located a short drive away, offering fishing, boating, canoing, swimming, and water skiing opportunities.
6: Canadian River Water | During the nineteenth century the Canadian River served as a geopolitical boundary marker. Different economic activities in the valley of the Canadian have included: in the west, farming and ranching; in the central, ranching, farming, manufacturing, and wholesale/retail operations; and in the east, ranching, farming, mining, and lumbering. The Canadian River is the largest tributary of the Arkansas River. It is about 760 miles long, starting in Colorado and traveling through New Mexico, the Texas Panhandle, and most of Oklahoma where it joins the Arkansas River, about 40 miles west of the Arkansas border.
7: Dallas City | There's plenty to do in Dallas and the surrounding area. With dozens of museums and theaters, festivals, and parades year-round, and professional opera and ballet companies, and symphonies, and recreational activities both indoors and out, including area lakes, and water parks, zoos, gardens, and tours. The most notable event held in Dallas is the State Fair of Texas, which has been held annually at Fair Park since 1886. Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the ninth-largest in the United States. The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex is the largest metropolitan area in the South and fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
8: Enchanted Rock Land Form | 1,643-acre Enchanted Rock State Natural Area draws countless visitors to its distinctive 500-foot-high dome of pink granite, the second largest such formation in North America. Designated a National Natural Landmark, Enchanted Rock is an impressive geological feature with an estimated age of one billion years, making it among the oldest exposed rock in North America. Coupled with its impressive geologic history, Enchanted Rock also has an extensive archaeological history; the site figures prominently in several Indian legends. Visitors to Enchanted Rock enjoy numerous activities, including hiking, backpacking, technical and rock climbing, primitive camping, picnicking, birding, geological study, stargazing and nature study. Facilities include a group picnic area and pavilion.
9: Fort Worth City | Fort Worth went from a sleepy outpost to a bustling town when it became a stop along the legendary Chisholm Trail, the dusty path on which millions of head of cattle were driven North to market. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, and later, the ranching industry. Its location on the Old Chisholm Trail helped establish Fort Worth as a trading and cattle center and earned it the nickname "Cow Town." The city was established in 1849 as an Army outpost on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River. Today Fort Worth still embraces its Western heritage and traditional architecture and design.
10: Guadalupe River Water | The Guadalupe River is prone to severe flooding. During the rainy seasons the water can reach well above the banks of the river and exceed â€œnormalâ€ levels. The Guadalupe River is listed as one of the 100 top trout streams in the United States. The Guadalupe River has a depth of 10 to 15 feet. The Guadalupe River is about 250 mi. (402 km) long.
11: Houston City | Houston City | Houston City | Houston City | Houston's economy has a broad industrial base in energy, manufacturing, aeronautics, and transportation. Houston is recognized worldwide for its energy industryâ€”particularly for oil and natural gasâ€”as well as for biomedical research and aeronautics. It is also leading in health care sectors and building oilfield equipment. The city has a population from various ethnic and religious backgrounds and a large and growing international community. It is home to many cultural institutions and exhibits.
12: Inner Mt. Space Caverns Land Form | The cave was discovered by Texas Highway Department in 1963 during construction of Interstate 35. They were drilling test holes and one of the drills fell twenty-six feet which led to the accidental discovery of the Inner Mt. Space Caverns. The caverns were carved by water passing through Edwards limestone. The cave opened to the public in 1966.
13: Jacksonville University | As of the census of 2000, there were 13,868 people, 4,882 households, and 3,358 families residing in the city. Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the town-site was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June 1850.
14: Kingwood College University | Kingwood College is a community college serving the Montgomery, Libery, and Northeast Harris counties. In addition to the standard two-year degrees, the college offers a number of specializing training programs including teaching, nursing, dental hygiene, respiratory care, occupational therapy and computing programs. The college serves approximately 6,500 credited students and 3,000 non-credited students each semester. Beyond standard education classes, the college offers a number of community based programs including: dual credit programs for high school students; a Community Fitness Center available to students, faculty, and the community; Discovery College, a summer program for youth; as well as free small business development seminars.
15: Leon River Water | The waterway flows approximately 185 miles southeast, eventually joining the Lampasas River to form the Little River. The upper reaches of the river would not normally be suitable for recreational use and has sufficient water only during periods of heavy runoff. The lower sections, however, have been determined to contain a sufficient flow for recreational use almost any time. These lower sections of the river pass through a scenic portion of the Cross Timbers area of Central Texas. It has three primary forks; the North, Middle, and South Leon rivers which meet near Eastland
16: Apollo Mission Control Center Historical Importance | The technical management of all areas of vehicle systems of Apollo 11 including flight dynamics, life systems, flight crew activities, recovery support and ground operations were handled at the Apollo Mission Control Center. Through the use of television and the print news media the scene of activity at the Apollo Mission Control during the first manned landing on the moon was made familiar to millions of Americans. When Neil Armstrong reported his "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind" to Mission Control his words went immediately around the world and into history. After the end of the Apollo Program this facility was used to monitor manned spaceflights for Skylab, Apollo-Soyuz and all recent Space Shuttle flights. For most Americans the Apollo Mission Control Center and Launch Complex 39 at the Kennedy Space Center symbolize achievements of the manned space program.
17: Natural Bridge Caverns Land Form | The caverns were discovered on March 27, 1960, by students Orion Knox Jr., Preston Knodell, Al Brandt and Joe Cantu from St. Mary's University in nearby San Antonio. On their first trip into the caverns, the men discovered/explored just over a mile of passage. Subsequent explorations revealed 2 miles associated with what became known as the "North Cavern." Natural Bridge Caverns are the largest known commercial caverns in the state of Texas. The caverns are still very active and growing. Water flows and drips constantly throughout, causing the formations to retain a waxy luster that can be seen in few caverns.
18: Our Lady of the Lake University University | Our Lady of the Lake University (OLLU) is an independent Catholic, co-ed university located in San Antonio, Texas, United States. It was founded in 1895 by the Sisters of the Congregation of Divine Providence, a religious order originating in Lorraine, France, during the 18th century. The Texas chapter of the order still sponsors the university. Our Lady of the Lake University was the first San Antonio institution of higher education to receive regional accreditation. It has been accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools since 1923. In 1927 it became the third Texas school to be approved by the American Association of Universities.
19: Permian Basin Petroleum Museum Historical Importance | The Museum's educational programs are designed with the concept that doing is better than just reading about science. These programs are highlighted in community events such as quarterly Family Science Nights, Lunch and Lectures, a Puppet Show, Summer Day Camps, Summer Movie Camps and Scout Camp-ins. The museum was founded in 1975. The collections are housed in a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) building, with an outdoor exhibit space for large oil-field machinery. The museum maintains a research library containing donated material related to the history of the Permian Basin oil industry.
20: Texas Quilt Museum Recreation | Establishment of the Texas Quilt Museum was announced recently at the 35th annual International Quilt Festival by The Quilt Institute, a nonprofit foundation under the leadership of Karey Patterson Bresenhan and Nancy Oâ€™Bryant Puentes. The Museum will be housed in an historic 1895 building on the town square in La Grange, Texas. Purchase of the building was completed in summer 2009. The projected opening date is 2011, to coincide with the 175th anniversary of Texasâ€™ independence and the founding of the Republic of Texas. | Establishment of the Texas Quilt Museum was announced recently at the 35th annual International Quilt Festival by The Quilt Institute, a nonprofit foundation under the leadership of Karey Patterson Bresenhan and Nancy Oâ€™Bryant Puentes. The Museum will be housed in an historic 1895 building on the town square in La Grange, Texas. Purchase of the building was completed in summer 2009. The projected opening date is 2011, to coincide with the 175th anniversary of Texasâ€™ independence and the founding of the Republic of Texas. | Establishment of the Texas Quilt Museum was announced recently at the 35th annual International Quilt Festival by The Quilt Institute, a nonprofit foundation under the leadership of Karey Patterson Bresenhan and Nancy Oâ€™Bryant Puentes. The Museum will be housed in an historic 1895 building on the town square in La Grange, Texas. Purchase of the building was completed in summer 2009. The projected opening date is 2011, to coincide with the 175th anniversary of Texasâ€™ independence and the founding of the Republic of Texas.
21: Red River Water | Red River Water | Red River Water | The popular section for paddling the Red River below Lake Texoma starts at the dam in Grayson County and flows generally easterly for about 32.5 miles to the SH 78 crossing in Fannin County. Below Lake Texoma the Red River flows along (and forms) the Texas-Oklahoma border, into Arkansas, then down to Louisiana on its way to the confluence of the Mississippi River near Simmesport, between Alexandria and Baton Rouge. The water quality is clear and unpolluted from the dam, and remains that way for the entire length of the trip. The river is very wide and flows of 5,000 - 10,000 cfs are considered good for paddling. The two biggest hazards to be encountered on the Red River are the low water and high headwinds. | Red River Water
22: Six Flags Recreation | Six Flags Entertainment Corp. is the world's largest amusement park corporation based on quantity of properties and the fifth most popular in terms of attendance. The company maintains 14 properties located throughout North America, including theme parks, thrill parks, water parks and family entertainment centers. In 2009, Six Flags properties hosted 23.9 million guests. The company was founded in Texas and took its name from its first property, Six Flags Over Texas. The company maintains a corporate office in Midtown Manhattan, New York City and its headquarters are in Grand Prairie, Texas. On June 13, 2009, the corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and successfully exited the restructuring 11 months later on May 3, 2010.
23: Texas A&M University | Opened in 1876 as Texas' first public institution of higher learning, Texas A&M University is a research-intensive flagship university with 38,000-plus undergraduates and more than 9,000 graduate students studying in over 250 degree programs in 10 colleges. Students can join any of 800 student organizations and countless activities ranging from athletics and recreation to professional and community service events. But there's more than just numbers that make up the Aggie experience. There's access to world-class research programs and award-winning faculty. There are opportunities to learn in and out of the classroom whether through technology or through one of our branch campuses or international study centers.
24: University of Texas Tech University | Texas Tech University prides itself on being a major comprehensive research university that retains the sense of a smaller liberal arts institution. Although enrollment is over 30,000, Texas Tech students boast of one-on-one interaction with top faculty and an environment that stresses student accomplishment above all else. Founded in 1923, Texas Tech is located on the South Plains of West Texas and carries the distinction of being the largest comprehensive higher education institution in the western two-thirds of the state of Texas. Spanish Renaissance-inspired architecture, wide open spaces and endless blue sky. The beauty of West Texas has to be seen to be believed.
25: Rio Grande Valley Land Form | The Rio Grande Valley (RGV) or the Lower Rio Grande Valley, informally called The Valley, is an area located in the southernmost tip of South Texas. It lies along the northern bank of the Rio Grande, which separates Mexico from the United States. The Rio Grande Valley is not a valley, but a delta or floodplain containing many oxbow lakes or resacas formed from pinched-off meanders in earlier courses of the Rio Grande. Early 20th-century land developers, attempting to capitalize on unclaimed land, utilized the name "Magic Valley" to attract settlers and appeal to investors. The region is made up of four counties: Starr County, Hidalgo County, Willacy County, and Cameron County. As of January 1, 2008, the Texas State Data Center estimated the population of the Rio Grande Valley at 1,138,872. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2008, 86 percent of Cameron County, 90 percent of Hidalgo County, 97 percent of Starr County, and 86 percent of Willacy County are Hispanic..
26: Waco City | Waco is named after the Huaco Indians, the first inhabitants of this area. In 1870, the 475-foot Suspension Bridge was opened as the first pedestrian/wagon bridge across the Brazos. A year later, the Waco and Northwestern Railroad reached Waco. It was followed by the Cotton Belt, and later by the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroads making Waco a hub of commerce for the state of Texas. The historic Suspension Bridge is the centerpiece of present-day Waco and is surrounded by lovely city parks. Indian Spring Park is on the west bank and Martin Luther King, Jr. Park is on the east bank. A beautifully landscaped riverwalk connects the bridge to the Waco Tourist Information Center and the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame & Museum at Fort Fisher. West of the bridge is the beautiful 416-acre Cameron Park.
27: X Park USA Recreation | The park, which started out as the Texas X-Park, got an approval from Leanderâ€™s city council to change its name to X Park USA. The X Parkâ€™s first phase was slated to include tracks and courses for everything from motocross and BMX biking to paint-ball. Plans to transform the 209-acre tract off Bagdad Road into an extreme sports and entertainment center began in 2006, with groundbreaking originally set for early 2007. Total Acreage: 179 acres/72.4 hectares.
28: Yorktown Historical Museum Historical Importance | Founded in 1966, the Yorktown Museum first occupied two rooms in the Davenport House, then in 1970 moved to the Fowler House. In 1976 the Yorktown Museum relocated to its present location on the top floor of the old Yorktown School District 6th grade school at 1974 Commerce Street, currently known as The Yorktown Community Cultural Center. In two historic buildings, both on National Register of Historic Places, museum features many historical exhibits of the area including a hand-operated elevator, a 1900s-era fire wagon, the first area "lawman's" pistol, Indian arrowheads and an antique doll collection.
29: Houston zoo Recreation | Set in a 55-acre lush tropical landscape, the Houston Zoo is home to more than 4,500 exotic animals representing more than 900 species. The Houston Zoo was named one of the top 10 zoos in the U.S. by Parents magazine in 2009. From its humble beginnings, the Houston Zoo has grown to become the seventh most visited zoo in the nation and is widely respected for its conservation and education programs. For generations, the Houston Zoo has been a popular destination for family outings. Today it is also a model for animal care and behavioral enrichment.
30: Map Key | Water: Blue | Historical Importance: Green | Cities: Hot Pink | Land Forms: Red | Recreation: Orange | Universities: Yellow | Alamo Bastrop State Park Canadian River Dallas Enchanted Rock Fort Worth Guadalupe River Houston Inner Mt. Space Caverns Jacksonville Kingwood College Leon River Apollo Mission Control Center | ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
31: Natural Bridge Caverns Our Lady of the Lake University Permian Basin Petroleum Museum Texas Quilt Museum Red River Six Flags Texas A&M University of Texas Tech Rio Grande Valley Waco X Park USA Yorktown Historical Museum Houston Zoo
32: A | C | E | L | N | O | P | S | U
33: B | D | F | G | H | I | J | K | M | Q | R | T | W | V | X | Y | Z
34: Citations: | http://wildtexas.com/texas-parks/bastrop-state-park http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/C/CA039.html http://dallas.about.com/od/arts/u/ThingsToDo.htm http://www.wildtexas.com/texas-parks/enchanted-rock-state-natural-area http://gotexas.about.com/od/attra6/a/TheAlamo.htm http://www.ask.com/wiki/Fort_Worth,_Texas http://www.ask.com/wiki/Fort_Worth,_Texas#The_town http://www.ask.com/wiki/Guadalupe_River_(Texas)#History http://www.chacha.com/question/how-deep-is-the-guadalupe-river http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houston http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/pwdpubs/pwd_rp_t3200_1047/19_c_tx_leon_little.phtml http://www.visithoustontexas.com/listing-details?id=27210
35: http://kingwoodconnection.com/k/articles/about-kingwood/about-kingwood-college-2005071539/ http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/aviation/apo.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_Bridge_Caverns http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Lady_of_the_Lake_University http://petroleummuseum.org/ http://southwestpaddler.com/docs/red3.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Flags http://www.tamu.edu/about/facts/ http://www.ttu.edu/about/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rio_Grande_Valley#Education http://www.wacocvb.com/itinerary.asp http://www.bizjournals.com/austin/stories/2009/01/19/daily2.html http://www.yorktownmuseum.org/info.html http://www.traveltex.com/things-to-do/attractions/yorktown-historical-museum