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S: History of the Victorian Era

BC: Semester Long Publishing, Inc., 2010 | History of the Victorian Era is your textbook source for all things "Victorian."

FC: History of the Victorian Era | Semester Long Publishing, Inc.

1: Introduction The Victorian Era occurred during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901); during this time, it was evident that society was changing its perception in matters of wealth, power, and culture. Two main changes that we still hear about today are feminism (the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men) and socialism (a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole). In the first chapter, you will learn about social criticism and values. Source: Dictionary.com

2: Chapter One Social Criticism

3: What is social class? This is how different people are set apart from each other based on power, wealth, occupation, education, culture, and many other characteristics. Common classes were labeled as working class, middle class, and upper class. The most powerful and wealthy were part of the upper class and had more power and say in politics; because of this, those in the working and middle classes were often discriminated against. Citizens of the middle class were able to break down this barrier by establishing the Reform Act of 1832.

4: Upper Class -inherited/invested wealth -highest regard in society -prideful and prudent Middle Class -men were source of income -professions: shopkeepers, merchants, etc. Working Class -physical labor -working/living conditions were poor (poor health, overcrowding, etc.) -slim educational opportunities

5: Men and Women During the Victorian Era, men were left to business and political matters, while women were expected to work in the home; women often participated in hard-working jobs such as being seamstresses, knitters, or washerwomen. It was common of men during the Victorian Era to have mistresses because sensible women were not allowed to show any further affection than holding hands or light kisses until marriage. | VS

6: The Responsibility of Courtship The goal that women were most expected to work towards was courtship for marriage. Women were not required to accept their first engagement, but they were required to seek special "training" beforehand in order to get a wealthy mate. Women had to have proper manners and often be able to play an instrument; they had to be true "gentlewomen." Contrary to society's viewpoint today, it was unacceptable for a woman to divorce a man.

7: Chapter 2 Victorian Era Fashion

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