FC: The Depression
1: Chapter 1 What caused the Great Depression? | There is not one thing on its own that caused the Great Depression. It was caused by high taxes and war debts. The unequal giving of money, over [production in industry and agriculture, and finally, the stock market crashing and people panicking.
2: When the stock market crashed, it fell over 40%; 9,000 banks closed and took with them 9 million savings accounts. People were wiped out and then their wages cut by 60%, 15 million people were unemployed almost over night.
3: Chapter 2 How long did the Great Depression last? | The Great Depression lasted for about 9 years, from 1930-1939.
4: Chapter 3 What was life like during the Great Depression? | Life during the Great Depression was extremely hard. Food was scarce; many people lived off of ration from the government. These rations consisted of powered milk, dried beans, and potatoes. Some people fought over garbage cans, hoping to find enough scraps to feed their families.
5: Many people had to move from place to place to find shelter. Many men, women, and children ended up in places named "Hoovervilles." Some people were able to keep their homes by taking in borders, even though their water and gas had been shut off.
6: Many children, between the ages of 1o and 18 were sent to work in factories. In most cases, this was the only way to support a family.
8: Chapter 4 Who was affected by the Great Depression? | The rich people felt little or no impact from the Great Depression. Families, however, changed dramatically; people waited to get married. The divorce rate fell, it was too expensive to hire a lawyer and birth rates dropped. | Many men lost their jobs and had to look for their wives and children to support them. Men are proud and had a hard time dealing with this. Some men lost all of their hope and simply walked out on their families.
9: Women, on the other hand, found a new role in the home. They went against what they had been taught and became the breadwinners of their households. Many black women found it easier to get jobs then their husbands. This gave them more power in their homes to make decisions.
10: The children were forced to grow up. They had to take jobs in factories to help support their families. Many children ran away because they din not want to work or did not like the working conditions. Children were often starving and did not have proper clothes to wear. Many of them were homeless and forced to ride the rails.
11: The rest of the minorities suffered the same fate; hungry, homeless, forgotten. When the New Deal came into affect, they were no better off. They were "the last one hired and the first ones fired." Although, Native Americans did receive a New Deal themselves. They did benefit from this, it brought them relief and political recognition.
12: Chapter 5 How did the Great Depression end? | Just as the Great Depression began, not one thing alone brought it to an end. The passing of "The New Deal" aided in ending the Great Depression. It helped to regulate wages and prices of common items. The Social Security helped elderly people who could no longer work.
13: World War II had the greatest affect on ending the Great Depression. Although the U.S. tried to stay out of the war, neighboring countries needed supplies to fight the Germans. The countries looked to America for these supplies. They needed weapons, bullets, boats,and planes. This made the economy sky rocket, bringing America back.