1: The First Fleet On May 13 1787 The First Fleet set sail from Portsmouth to NSW. There were 749 convicts and 550 other people like marines, sailors, doctors, wife’s, children, husbands and more. Captain Arthur Phillip was in charge of the First Fleet. There were 11 ships called the Alexander, the Scarborough, the Charlotte, the Lady Penrhyn and the Friendship. There were also 3 store ships the Fishburn, Golden Grove and the Borrowdale. After three weeks they stopped at an island to collect more supplies. They reached the port of Tenerife on the 3rd June and they stayed there for one week. They then set sail for Rio de Janeiro and they stayed here for one month. During this month they got lots of fresh fruit and vegetables to help diseases throughout the convicts. The convicts also got to come up on deck to get fresh air. By mid October the fleet was in Cape Town. They spent another month getting more fresh supplies and lots more. They sailed on with there next stop being the great South Land. They arrived at Botany Bay on January 20th 1788. The bay was shallow the shallow, the soil was sandy and there was little fresh water, so they sailed up the coastline. Up the coast they found a place at Port Jackson and called it Sydney Cove.